Henry Augustus Lukeman

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Lukeman-sculpted bronze statue at the World War I monument in Prospect Park, Brooklyn.

Henry Augustus Lukeman (January 28, 1872 – April 3, 1935) was an American sculptor, specializing in historical monuments. Noted among his works are the World War I monument in Prospect Park, Brooklyn, the Kit Carson Monument in Trinidad, Colorado and the Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial in Georgia.

Biography[edit]

Early life and education[edit]

He was born in Richmond, Virginia,[1] and introduced to sculpting at age 10 at a boys' club miniature workshop. From 10 to 13 he worked with clay and wood. He then became a pupil of sculptor Launt Thompson[2] until age 16, followed by an apprenticeship at the foundry of Jno. Williams, Inc. until he was 19. Then for several years he studied terra cotta and architectural modeling for building and exterior decorations while in the evening studying life drawing and the antiques at the Cooper Union and the National Academy of Design in New York. His work was recognized by the Henry Street Settlement and he earned an honorary L.H.D. from Dickinson College.[citation needed]

American sculptor[edit]

When the construction began of the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893, he superintended the enlarging of some of the most important works, including Daniel Chester French's Statue of the Republic. Following that he went to Europe and worked under Jean-Alexandre-Joseph Falguiere in the Beaux Arts, in Paris.[3] When he returned to New York he became a pupil of friend and mentor Daniel Chester French before starting his own studio in New York.

His independent work began with portrait busts and statues, the National Sculpture Society Seal, bas-reliefs, ornamental sculptures and many monuments. Lukeman's most noted work was Stone Mountain in Atlanta, Georgia. He designed and worked on the sculptures of Stone Mountain, after removing Gutzon Borglum's work (who had originally been given the commission but resigned). When funding ran out in the advent of the Great Depression, he continued to pay the craftsmen until his own means fell short. The carving remained incomplete for decades until sculptor Walker Hancock and chief carver Roy Faulkner, using Lukeman’s models, completed the edited version (no legs on horses) in 1970 measuring 300 feet in length and 190 feet in height.

Lukeman died in New York on April 3, 1935, at age 65 leaving his wife, formerly, Helen Bidwell Blodgett.

Public sculptures[edit]

Stone Mountain
Lukeman was preceded in this project by Gutzon Borglum and followed by Walker Hancock.
Dedicated to Ida and Isidor Straus, who lost their lives on the RMS Titanic.[5]
Hebrew Psalmist from the Brooklyn Museum
  • President William McKinley Statue, Adams, MA
  • President William McKinley Statue, Toledo, Ohio
  • President Franklin Pierce, New Hampshire State Capitol
  • Francis Asbury Equestrian Sculpture, Washington, DC
  • Francis Asbury Statue, Madison, New Jersey
  • Robert Livingston, St Louis, Michigan
  • Professor Joseph Henry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey
  • Kit Carson Monument in Trinidad, Colorado (Lukeman created the figure of Carson while sculptor Frederick Roth executed the horse)
  • 4 colossal statues for the Royal Bank of Canada headquarters in Montreal
  • Soldiers’ Monument, Somerville, Massachusetts
  • The Soldiers and Sailors Monument, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 1923, (refurbished, Memorial Day 2010)
  • Equestrian statue of Major General David McM. Gregg, Reading, Pennsylvania
  • Elisha Yale at Gloversville, New York
  • Former President James K. Patterson of the University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky
  • Memorial to the Women of the Confederacy, Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Columbus, New York Custom House
  • Bas-relief portrait of Daniel Boone, Paris, Kentucky
  • US Grant Memorial, San Diego, California
  • Saint Louis Exposition medal
  • Lieutenant Cushing on the Dewey Arch, New York, New York
  • Gen William Shepard, Westfield, Massachusetts
  • Sculpture at the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, New York
  • Sculptures at the Saint Louis Exposition in 1904 (awarded a medal)
  • Soldiers and Sailors Monument, Public Square, Watertown, New York

Sources[edit]

  • Obituary: New York Times, Thursday April 4, 1935
  • The Times-Dispatch, Richmond, Virginia, May 10, 1903
  • Portfolios and papers given to the Smithsonian, American Archives, Washington, DC

References[edit]

  1. ^ McGlauflin, Alice Coe, editor, ‘’Who’s Who in American Art: Volume II, 1938-1939’’, The American Federation of Arts, Inc., Washington D.C., 1937
  2. ^ National Sculpture Society, ‘’Exhibition of American Sculpture Catalogue’’, National Sculpture Society, NY 1923 p. 152
  3. ^ National Sculpture Society, ‘’Contemporary American Sculpture’’, National Sculpture Society, NY 1929 p. 213
  4. ^ Museum of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, "The Statues and Their Meanings", Museum News, vol. 6, no. 3, December 1910
  5. ^ Gibberd, Ben. "Taking Refuge Beneath Memory’s Gaze". 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainGilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.