Augustus Pablo

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Augustus Pablo
Birth name Horace Swaby
Born (1954-06-21)21 June 1954
Origin St. Andrew, Jamaica
Died 18 May 1999(1999-05-18) (aged 44)
Genres Roots reggae, dub
Occupations Record producer, instrumentalist
Instruments Keyboard, melodica, guitar
Years active 1970s–1999
Associated acts Now Generation

Horace Swaby (21 June 1954 – 18 May 1999),[1] known as Augustus Pablo, was a Jamaican roots reggae and dub record producer, melodica player and keyboardist, active from the 1970s onwards.

He popularised the use of the melodica (an instrument at that time primarily used in Jamaica to teach music to schoolchildren) in reggae music. His album King Tubbys Meets Rockers Uptown (1976) is often regarded as one of the most important examples of dub.[2]

Biography[edit]

He was born in St. Andrew, Jamaica, and learned to play the organ at the Kingston College School. At that point, an unnamed girl lent him a melodica. Fascinated by the instrument, Pablo rarely put it down. He also met Herman Chin Loy, who after working at his cousin Leslie Kong's Beverley's record shop, had set up his own Aquarius store in Half Way Tree. Swaby recorded early tracks including "Higgi Higgi", "East of the River Nile", "Song of the East" and "The Red Sea" between 1971 and 1973 for Chin-Loy's Aquarius Records.[3] Chin Loy had previously used the name Augustus Pablo generically for keyboard instrumentals recorded by Lloyd Charmers and Glen Adams,[4][5] and Swaby took the name for this recording.

"East of the River Nile", a unique blend of East Asian and Jamaican sounds, became a moderate hit. He soon joined Now Generation (Mikey Chung's band) and played keyboard with them while his friend Clive Chin began his own career as a record producer. Pablo and Chin recorded "Java" (1972) together,[3] as soon as Pablo quit Now Generation and Clive was able to obtain studio time. This instrumental was a massive hit and launched Pablo's solo career. He recorded with Chin and others including Lee Perry and Chin's uncle, Leonard Chin. Pablo scored another smash hit with "My Desire" (John Holt).

Pablo formed the labels Hot Stuff, Message and Rockers (named after his brother's soundsystem, Rockers), and released a steady stream of well-received instrumentals, mostly versions of older hits from Studio One. In spite of his success with Rockers, Pablo's 1974 album, This Is Augustus Pablo was recorded with Clive and Pat Chin. This was followed by a collaboration with the legendary reggae engineer King Tubby, 1975's Ital Dub.

Pablo produced a steady stream of hits in the late 1970s, including the hit "Black Star Liner" (Fred Locks). He also worked with Dillinger, Norris Reid, I-Roy, Jacob Miller, The Immortals, Paul Blackman, Earl Sixteen, Roman Stewart, Lacksley Castell, The Heptones, Bob Marley, Ricky Grant, Delroy Wilson, Junior Delgado, Horace Andy and Freddy McKay. This period was eventually commemorated with a series of critically acclaimed LPs including King Tubbys Meets Rockers Uptown (1976) and Hugh Mundell's classic Africa Must Be Free by 1983. This was followed by East of the River Nile (1978), Original Rockers (1979) and another acclaimed hit album, Rockers Meets King Tubbys in a Firehouse.

In the 1980s, Pablo's career slowed significantly. In 1980, he appeared on the soundtrack of the documentary D.O.A. He had begun to establish an American audience and released Rising Sun in 1986 to good reviews and sales. Pablo also produced memorable hits, including "Ragamuffin Year" (Junior Delgado), "Humble Yourself" (Asher & Tremble) and "Far Far Away" (Ricky Grant). In addition, he toured extensively throughout the world, recording a memorable live album in Tokyo in 1987. That same year, Rockers Come East re-established his career and he began to release a series of favourably reviewed though somewhat inaccessible albums in the 1990s (including Blowing With the Wind), while producing such records as Dawn Penn's "Night & Day" and Yami Bolo's "Jah Made Them All".

Augustus Pablo died as a result of a collapsed lung on 18 May 1999.[6] He had been suffering for some time from the nerve disorder myasthenia gravis.[7]

Personal life[edit]

He was a committed Rasta. His son, Addis Pablo, followed him into a career in music.[8]

Selected discography[edit]

Albums
  • This Is...Augustus Pablo (1974)
  • Ital Dub (1974)
  • Thriller (1975)
  • King Tubbys Meets Rockers Uptown (1976)
  • East of the River Nile (1977)
  • Original Rockers (1979)
  • Africa Must Be Free by... 1983 Dub (1979)
  • Rockers Meets King Tubbys in a Firehouse (1980)
  • Authentic Golden Melodies (1980)
  • Earth's Rightful Ruler (1982)
  • King David's Melody (1983)
  • Rising Sun (1986)
  • Rebel Rock Reggae (1986)
  • Rockers Come East (1987)
  • Eastman Dub (1988)
  • Presents Rockers Story (1989)
  • Blowing with the Wind (1990)
  • Presents Rockers International Showcase (1991)
  • Heartical Chart (1993)[9]
  • Meets King Tubby at the Control in Roots Vibes (1996)
  • Red Sea (1998)
  • Valley of Jehosaphat (1999)
  • El Rocker's (2000)
  • The Great Pablo (2000)
  • Dubbing with the Don (2001)
  • Jah Inspiration (2001)
  • Skanking with Pablo: Melodica for Hire 1971–77 (2002)
  • In Fine Style: 7" & 12" Selection 1973–79 (2003)
  • The Essential Augustus Pablo (2005)
  • Augustus Pablo Meets Lee Perry & the Wailers Band (Rare Dubs 1970–1971) (2006)
  • The Mystic World of Augustus Pablo: The Rockers Story (2008)
Contributing artist

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thompson, Dave (2002) Reggae & Caribbean Music, Backbeat Books, ISBN 0-87930-655-6, p. 200-202
  2. ^ " If you had to pick one album that best represents the pinnacle of the art of dub [...] Few would fault you for ending up with [King Tubby Meets Rockers Uptown]." Rick Anderson, review of King Tubbys Meets Rockers Uptown for Allmusic.com, accessed 20 September 2013
  3. ^ a b Larkin, Colin: The Virgin Encyclopedia of Reggae, 1998, Virgin Books, ISBN 0-7535-0242-9
  4. ^ Barrow, Steve & Dalton, Peter: Reggae: The Rough Guide, 1997, Rough Guides, ISBN 1-85828-247-0
  5. ^ Teacher & Mr. T. "Article: In memory of... Augustus Pablo". Reggae Vibes Productions. Archived from the original on 21 June 2013. 
  6. ^ Masouri, John. "Augustus Pablo & Various Artists – The Definitive Augustus Pablo". elrockers.org. Archived from the original on 18 February 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2010. "He died in a Kingston hospital on Wednesday may 19th 1999 after being admitted the previous week with a collapsed lung and spending the interim period on a life support system." 
  7. ^ Pareles, Jon (20 May 1999). Augusto Pablo, 46, Musician; Helped Shape Reggae's Sound. The New York Times (Arts).
  8. ^ Campbell, Howard (2012) "Journey continues – Addis Pablo keeps his father's legacy alive", Jamaica Observer, 5 July 2012, retrieved 13 July 2012
  9. ^ "Augustus Pablo – Heartical Chart". Discogs. 

External links[edit]