Augustus W. Peters

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Augustus W. Peters (June 10, 1844 - December 29, 1898) was a New York City political figure who served as the 1st Manhattan Borough President.

Biography[edit]

Augustus Winniett Peters was born in Saint John, New Brunswick on June 10, 1844. He was raised and educated in New Brunswick, studied law, and became an attorney. In 1867 he moved to New York City as the lawyer for Ralph, King & Halleck, a firm that traded on the New York Gold Exchange. In 1875 he became a member of the Gold Exchange, and in 1876 he was appointed its Secretary. Peters also later became a member of the New York Mining Exchange.[1]

In 1878 Peters became Chairman of the New York Consolidated Exchange, a combination of the several different commodities exchanges.[2] Peters remained as Chairman until resigning to take office as Manhattan Borough President. Upon his resignation as Chairman, he was appointed the Exchange's Second Vice President.[3]

Peters, a lifelong bachelor, was a veteran of the militia in New Brunswick. He continued his military service in New York, attaining the rank of Sergeant Major in the New York Old Guard, a ceremonial unit whose members were mostly veterans of previous military service.[4]

A large, athletic man, Peters was involved in several amateur sports clubs and competitions, and was an accomplished cricket player and swimmer. Peters was also a capable singer and amateur actor, and belonged to choirs and drama clubs in New York City.[5]

Peters was also a Freemason and attained the 33rd Degree of the Scottish Rite.[6]

Having become a citizen of the United States soon after arriving in New York, Peters became active in the Tammany Hall Democratic Party organization. In 1893 he became President of Tammany's General Committee, and in 1894 he was an unsuccessful candidate for New York County Sheriff.[7] In 1894 Peters was also an unsuccessful candidate for President of the Board of Aldermen.[8]

In 1897 Peters was elected Manhattan Borough President. The five borough presidencies were created as the result of organizing Greater New York, which consolidate the five boroughs under one Mayor.[9][10]

Peters served as Borough President until his sudden death from a heart attack at his New York City home on December 29, 1898. His remains were returned to New Brunswick for burial.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mitchell C. Harrison, New York State's Prominent and Progressive Men: An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Biography, Volume 3, 1902, pages 275 to 276
  2. ^ The Republic Press, Club Men of New York, 1893, page 360
  3. ^ New York Times, Augustus W. Peters Dead, December 30, 1898
  4. ^ Mitchell C. Harrison, New York State's Prominent and Progressive Men
  5. ^ Scottish Rite Supreme Council for the Northern Jurisdiction, Annual Meeting Proceedings, 1899, pages 215 to 216
  6. ^ Henry James Morgan, The Canadian Men and Women of the Time: A Handbook of Canadian Biography, 1898, page 816
  7. ^ Martin B. Brown & Co., [The Brown Book: A Biographical Record of Public Officials of the City of New York City for 1898-99], 1898, pages 48 to 50
  8. ^ New York Times, The City's Official Vote, November 24, 1894
  9. ^ New York Times, Tammany's Conventions, October 8, 1897
  10. ^ New York Times, New Borough President, January 6, 1899
  11. ^ New York Times, Augustus W. Peters Dead
Political offices
Preceded by
New position
Borough President of Manhattan
1897–1898
Succeeded by
James J. Coogan