Aukra

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Aukra kommune
Municipality
Ormen Lange Nyhamna.jpg
Coat of arms of Aukra kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Aukra kommune
Møre og Romsdal within
Norway
Aukra within Møre og Romsdal
Aukra within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 62°49′43″N 6°50′45″E / 62.82861°N 6.84583°E / 62.82861; 6.84583Coordinates: 62°49′43″N 6°50′45″E / 62.82861°N 6.84583°E / 62.82861; 6.84583
Country Norway
County Møre og Romsdal
District Romsdal
Administrative centre Aukra
Government
 • Mayor (2007) Bernhard Riksfjord (Ap)
Area
 • Total 59.91 km2 (23.13 sq mi)
 • Land 58.82 km2 (22.71 sq mi)
 • Water 0.09 km2 (0.03 sq mi)
Area rank 418 in Norway
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,196
 • Rank 267 in Norway
 • Density 54.3/km2 (141/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 7.3 %
Demonym Gossing
Aukraværing[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1547
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.aukra.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Aukra is a village and municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is part of the region of Romsdalen. The administrative centre is the village of Falkhytta, which is part of the Aukrasanden urban area.

The municipality is made up of the island of Gossa as well as many small surrounding islands, plus a small area around Hollingen across the Julsundet strait on the Romsdal peninsula. Some of the main population centers include Hollingen, Aukrasanden, Varhaugvika, and Røssøyvågen. Nyhamna is a major industrial area in Aukra.

General information[edit]

The municipality of Akerø was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1840, most of Akerø on the Romsdal peninsula was separated to form the municipality of Frænen. On 1 January 1867, the islands to the west of Gossa (population: 601) were separated to become the new Sandøy Municipality. On 1 January 1924, the southern part of the municipality (Otrøya and several other islands) were separated to form the new municipality of Sør-Aukra, and the remainder of the municipality was renamed Nord-Aukra. On 1 January 1964, the Mordal area of Nord-Aukra (population: 77) was transferred to Molde Municipality. On 1 January 1965, Nord- was dropped from the name of the municipality, so it was then just called Aukra.[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Aukra farm (Old Norse: Aukrin), since the first church (Aukra Church) was built there. The first element is akr which means "field" or "acre" and the last element is vin which means "meadow" or "pasture". Before 1918, the name was written Akerø.[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 22 May 1987. The arms show two Bronze Age bracelets on a blue background. The bracelets are based on an archaeological finding in the area. The rings thus symbolize the long tradition of habitation in the area.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Aukra. It is part of the Molde arch-deanery in the Diocese of Møre.

Churches in Aukra
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Aukra Aukra Church Aukrasanden 1835

History[edit]

Aukra is the site of a shipwreck and rescue operation, when the cargo ship Rokta on 4 April 1938. The monument of Rokta is situated on Rindarøy island with a view of Galleskjæra where the Rokta sank.

Economy[edit]

The Nyhamna industrial area on the northeastern part of the island of Gossa in Aukra is the location from where the Langeled pipeline, transporting natural gas from the enormous Ormen Lange gas field to the United Kingdom, came onstream in 2007. Local politicians expect a lot from the land-based production facility. Especially the taxes, which in their opinion, far exceeds the externalities put on the inhabitants of Gossa.

Aukra Auto runs the bus service on the island of Gossa.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 300. 
  4. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 18 October 2008. 

External links[edit]