Aulla

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Aulla
Comune
Comune di Aulla
Aulla-IMG 0491.JPG
Coat of arms of Aulla
Coat of arms
Aulla is located in Italy
Aulla
Aulla
Location of Aulla in Italy
Coordinates: 44°13′N 09°58′E / 44.217°N 9.967°E / 44.217; 9.967
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Massa and Carrara
Government
 • Mayor Roberto Simoncini (since June 2004)
Area
 • Total 59 km2 (23 sq mi)
Elevation 64 m (210 ft)
Population (31 May 2007)
 • Total 10,743
 • Density 180/km2 (470/sq mi)
Demonym Aullesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 54011
Dialing code 0187
Patron saint St. Caprasius
Website Official website

Aulla is a comune in the province of Massa and Carrara, Tuscany (central Italy).

History[edit]

The walls of the Brunella Fortress above Aulla

Traces of Roman and Etruscan civilizations found in the Church of Saint Caprisio indicate that there were settlements in Aulla long before the 8th century CE, when margrave Adalbert I of Tuscany founded a village and built a castle to accommodate pilgrims traveling the via Francigena.[1] Here, at Aguilla Sigeric, Archbishop of Canterbury, sojourned on his return journey from Rome about 990.[2] The Malaspina family wrested feudal power of the city and its contada from the domination of the bishops and dukes of Luni. In 1543 the Centurione family purchased it. They built the Fortress Brunella, which was bought in the early 20th century by Lina Waterfield, and remains privately owned, functioning as a museum of natural history for the Lunigiana region. One of the most important buildings of the town is the Abbey of San Caprasio that was founded in the 8th Century and was named by Saint Caprasius of Lérin, whose body was transferred to Aulla in the 10th century.

In 1943 the historic center of Aulla was destroyed by Anglo-American bombings aimed at German troops stationed there during the Second World War. A replica of an unexploded bomb is preserved in the Abbey of San Caprasio. In April 1945 the 442nd Infantry Regiment (United States) liberated the city of Aulla, after fierce battles with retreating German troops.

Twin towns[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Geo Pistarino, Una fonte medievale falsa e il suo presunto autore (University of Genoa, 1958) demonstrated in detail that the notorious "cartulary of Aulla", supposedly drawn up at the end of the thirteenth century, was in fact a forgery by Alfonso Ceccarelli, who was executed for other forgeries in 1583.
  2. ^ F. P. Magoun, Jr., "The Italian Itinerary of Philip II (Philippe-Auguste) in the Year 1191" Speculum 17.3 (July 1942;367-376) p. 373. Magoun notes that Philip Augustus of France may have stopped here on his more leisurely northward journey in 1191, but the possibly corresponding entry in his itinerary is unclear.

External links[edit]