Aulus Postumius Albus Regillensis

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For the Roman consul of 464 BC, see Aulus Postumius Albus Regillensis (consul 464 BC).
Aulus Postumius Albus Regillensis
Dictator of the Roman Republic 498 BC
Consul of the Roman Republic 496 BC
Roman coin depicting the victory of Aulus Postumius. On one side the head of Diana is represented with the letters ROMA underneath, and on the reverse are three horsemen trampling a foot-soldier. This coin was minted by Aulus Postumius Albinus 96 BC.

Aulus Postumius Albus Regillensis was an ancient Roman who, according to Livy, was Roman dictator in 498 or 496 BC,[1] when he conquered the Latins in the great Battle of Lake Regillus[2] and subsequently celebrated a triumph.[3] Many of the coins of the Albini commemorate this victory of their ancestor, as in the one pictured. Roman folklore related that Castor and Pollux were seen fighting in this battle on the side of the Romans, whence the dictator afterwards dedicated a temple to Castor and Pollux in the Roman Forum.

He was consul in 496 BC, in which year some of the annals, according to Livy, placed the battle of Lake Regillus; and it is to this year that Dionysius assigns it.[4][5][6][7] The name "Regillensis" is usually supposed to have been derived from this battle; but Niebuhr thinks that it was taken from a place of residence, just as the Claudii bore the same name, and that the later annalists only spoke of Postumius as commander in consequence of the name. Livy states expressly, that Scipio Africanus was the first Roman who obtained a surname from his conquests.[8][9]

In 495 BC. Postumius was chosen at short notice by the Romans to lead the cavalry to victory against a Sabine invading force.[10]

He was, according to some genealogies, the father of Spurius Postumius Albus Regillensis and Aulus Postumius Albus Regillensis.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joseph Anton F. Wilhelm Ihne (1871). The history of Rome. pp. 104–. 
  2. ^ Smith, William (1867), "Aulus Postumius Albus Regillensis", in Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology 1, Boston: Little, Brown and Company, p. 90 
  3. ^ Fasti Triumphales
  4. ^ Livy, ii.19, 20, 21
  5. ^ Dionysius, vi. 2, &c.
  6. ^ Valerius Maximus, i. 8. § 1
  7. ^ Cicero, De Natura Deorum ii. 2, iii. 5
  8. ^ Livy, xxx.45
  9. ^ Niebuhr, Hist. of Rome, i. p. 556
  10. ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, ii.26

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 

Preceded by
Aulus Sempronius Atratinus and Marcus Minucius Augurinus
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Titus Verginius Tricostus Caeliomontanus
496 BC
Succeeded by
Appius Claudius Sabinus Inregillensis and Publius Servilius Priscus Structus