View of Aups
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Antoine Faure|
|Area1||64.15 km2 (24.77 sq mi)|
|• Density||33/km2 (84/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||83007 / 83630|
|Elevation||390–1,077 m (1,280–3,533 ft)
(avg. 505 m or 1,657 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Aups (French pronunciation: [o]; Provençal Occitan: Aups in the classical norm, Aup in the Mistralian norm, pronounced [ˈaw]) is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Located in Provence at 500m alt, Aups is in the first foothills of the Alps. The town is at the gates of Verdon River, at 60 km from the sea and 80 km from the snow stations.
Aups is named Capital of Haut-Var and Capital of truffle and is integrated in the Parc naturel régional du Verdon since 2000. Its typically Mediterranean climate makes the village a healthy place to live.
The village was named Oppidum de Alpibus then Castrum de Alpibus, castrum de Almis, then Alps and now Aups. The place was colonized by the Oxybians during the Ancient Rome, near of Via Aurelia going from Fréjus (Forum Julii) to Riez (Forum Reii). Julius Caesar has visited Aups (Castrum de Alpibus) on the way of the conquest of Gaul and has said « I prefer to be the first in Aups than to be the second in Roma ».
In 1574, the town was looted by the Huguenots, who massacred 18 residents. A "Maiden of the massacre" was erected on the torture place, in the Clock street.
Aups was the centre of the Var Republican insurgency in 1851 against the coup d'état of Napoleon III, and became known as the "Center of Red Var".
Aups has the third largest black truffle market of France, known for its quality and importance. This market is held every Thursday from November to February.
There is a colourful Provençal market, every Wednesday and Saturday featuring local products and handicrafts.
People from Aups
- The Blacas house - an old Provençal house, lords and dukes of Aups since the 12th century
- Pierre Petit (1832–1909) - photographer
- General Jean-Baptiste Girard (1775–1815) - Général and baron d'Empire who fought the Napoleonic Wars.
- J. R. R. Tolkien had a holiday house near the village.
- However, after the preposition a ~ à 'to', the forms are as Aups ~ à-z-Aup and are pronounced [aˈzaw]
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