Auras / جبال الأوراس
Mountain landscape at Hammam Essalihine
|Peak||Djebel Chélia (Algeria)|
|Countries||Algeria and Tunisia|
|Parent range||Atlas Mountain System|
The Aurès Mountains, (Berber: Awras, Latin: Aurasium, Arabic: جبال الأوراس) are an eastern prolongation of the Atlas Mountain System that lies to the east of the Saharan Atlas in northeastern Algeria and northwestern Tunisia.
Not as tall as the High Atlas Mountains of Morocco, the Aurès mountains are the eastern continuation of the Saharan Atlas. The highest peak, at 2,328 meters, is the Djebel Chélia in Khenchela Province.
The Belezma Range is a northwestern prolongation of the Aurès Mountains located where the Tell Atlas and the Saharan Atlas come together. Its main summits are 2,178 m high Djebel Refaâ and 2,136 m high Djebel Tichaou.
The mountain area was also a district of French Algeria that existed during and after the Algerian War of Independence from 1954 to 1962. It was in this region that the Algerian War of Independence was started by Berber freedom fighters. The rugged terrain of the Aurès makes it still one of the less developed areas in the Maghreb.
In eastern Algeria the Aurès is a large Berber language speaking region, home of the Chaoui people. The Chaoui eastern Berber population practices traditional transhumance, farming fixed stone terraces in the mountains where they grow sorghum, as well as other grains and vegetables. Seasonally they move their cattle to relatively warm areas in the lowland valleys where they pitch tents or live in other temporary structures and tend livestock through the winter.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aurès Mountains.|
- Les Aurès - Algérie (French). Includes many photos of the region.
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