Lugné-Poe

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Lugné-Poe
Aurélien Lugné-Poë.jpg
Lugné-Poe in Figures contemporaines tirées de l’Album Mariani. Etching c. 1903.
Born (1869-12-27)27 December 1869
Paris, France
Died 19 June 1940(1940-06-19) (aged 70)
Villeneuve-les-Avignon, France
Education Paris Conservatoire (1889-1891)
Known for Theatre Director, Designer
Movement Symbolism
Spouse(s) Suzanne Desprès
Awards Officier, Lègion d'Honneur

Aurélien Marie Lugné[1] (27 December 1869 – 19 June 1940), known by his stage-name and pen name Lugné-Poe,[2] was a French actor, theatre director, and scenic designer best known for his work at the Théâtre de l'Œuvre,[3] one of the first theatrical venues in France to provide a home for the artists of the symbolist movement at the end of the nineteenth century.[4] Most notably, Lugné-Poe introduced French audiences to the Scandinavian playwrights August Strindberg and Henrik Ibsen.[5]

Life and career[edit]

At age 19 he entered the Paris Conservatoire and became part of the Théâtre Libre a private naturalist theatre run by André Antoine. At that time, he decided to be called Lugné-Poe in homage to the American poet Edgar Allan Poe;[3] he also claimed sometimes to be a distant relative,[6] but it is not true.

He also organized a group of painters known as The Nabis. He spread word of the group by writing articles about their work for them.[6]

He later created a group called "La Maison de l'Œuvre" or "Le Théâtre de l'Œuvre" (1893-1929). This was a private group of spectators and an experimental theatre that went against the naturalist movement and that contributed to the symbolist movement in theatre and to the discovery of new playwrights.

In 1895, Jakub Grein and the Independent Theatre Society invited Lugné-Poe and his troup to present a season of Ibsen's Rosmersholm, The Master Builder and Maurice Maeterlinck's symbolist L'Intruse and Pelléas and Mélisande in London.[7]

Works[edit]

Théâtre des Bouffes-Parisiens
Théâtre des Bouffes du Nord
  • 1893: Rosmersholm (Henrik Ibsen, translated by Prozor)
  • 1893: Un Ennemi du peuple (Henrik Ibsen, translated by Chennevière and Johansen)
  • 1893: Ames solitaires (Gerhart Hauptmann, translated by Cohen)
  • 1894: L'Araignée de cristal (Rachilde)
  • 1894: Au-dessus des forces humaines (Björnstjerne-Björnson, translated by Prozor)
  • 1894: Une Nuit d'avril à Céos (Trarieux)
  • 1894: L'Image (Beaubourg)
  • 1894: Solness le construsteur (Henrik Ibsen, translated by Prozor)
Nouveau-Théâtre
Comédie-Parisienne
Théâtre du Ménus-Plaisirs
  • 1895: L'École de l'idéal (Vérola)
  • 1895: Le Petit Eyolf (Henrik Ibsen, translated by Prozor)
  • 1895: Le Volant (Paul Claudel)
Salle de Trianon, Paris
  • 1906: Madame la marquise (Sutro)
  • 1906: Le Troisième Couvert (Savoir)
  • 1906: Leurs Soucis (Bahr)
Théâtre Marigny
Théâtre Grévin
  • 1907: Une Aventure de Frédérick Lemaître (Basset)
  • 1907: Placide (Séverin-Malfayde and Dolley)
  • 1907: Zénaïde ou les caprices du destin (Delorme and Gally)
Théâtre Fémina
Théâtre Antoine
Théâtre du Palais-Royal
  • 1912: La Dernière Heure (Frappa)
  • 1912: Grégoire (Falk)
  • 1912: Morituri (Prozor)
Salle Malakoff, Paris
Théâtre de l'Œuvre, Cité Monthiers
Other Paris Theatres
  • 1895: Carmosine (Musset), Ministère du Commerce
  • 1896: Le Grand Galeoto (Echegaray), home of Ruth Rattazzi
  • 1898: Mesure pour mesure (William Shakespeare), Cirque d'été
  • 1899: Noblesse de la terre (Faramond), Théâtre de la Renaissance
  • 1899: Un Ennemi du peuple (Henrik Ibsen, translated by Chennevière and Johansen), Théâtre de la Renaissance
  • 1900: Monsieur Bonnet (Faramond), Théâtre du Gymnase
  • 1911: Le Philanthrope ou la Maison des amours (Bouvelet), Théâtre Réjane
  • 1913: Le Baladin du monde occidental (Synge, translated by Bourgeois), Salle Berlioz

References[edit]

  1. ^ (French)"Lugné-Poe". Encyclopædia Universalis Online. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  2. ^ (French)"Lugné-Poe". Dictionnaire Larousse Online. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "The Théâtre de l'Œuvre". Musée d'Orsay Online. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  4. ^ Braun, Edward (1982). "The Symbolist Theatre." in The Director and the Stage: From Naturalism to Grotowski. New York: Holmes & Meier. ISBN 0841908001. 
  5. ^ Shaw, George Bernard (1932). Our Theatres in the Nineties. London: Constable & Co. ISBN 140674302X. 
  6. ^ a b Knapp, Bettina (1975). Maurice Maeterlinck. Boston: Twayne. p. 67. ISBN 0805725628. 
  7. ^ Styan, J. Modern Drama in Theory and Practice: Realism and Naturalism pp. 55–57 (Cambridge University Press, 1981) ISBN 0-521-29628-5.