Auralia was a proposed colony that would have been formed out of the south-eastern portion of the colony of Western Australia in the early twentieth century, and would have joined the newly formed Commonwealth of Australia. The name, meaning 'golden' in Latin, denotes the gold industries that were alive at the time and which helped foment secession.
The push to secession was prompted by perceptions that the Western Australian colony under Sir John Forrest was parochial and self-serving and was dragging its feet towards federating the state with the emerging Commonwealth. Many inhabitants in the goldfields had come to Western Australia from the other states in the previous decade when Kalgoorlie experienced a gold rush and their loyalties were thus not usually directed towards Perth. Sir John Forrest's efforts to secure concessions before fully supporting Federation was alienating these new arrivals.
Eventually the proposal was dropped when Western Australia joined the federation in 1901. In the 1933 secession referendum, the Goldfields was the only region of Western Australia to be against secession, instead arguing for a constitutional convention.
- "Auralia". Library and Information Service of Western Australia. Retrieved 2007-06-18.
- "THE Kalgoorlie Miner PUBLISHED DAILY. TUESDAY, JANUARY 30, 1900.". Kalgoorlie Miner (WA : 1895 - 1950) (WA: National Library of Australia). 30 January 1900. p. 4. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- "Return of the Premier.". Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 10 February 1900. p. 36. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- "Secession!". Library and Information Service of Western Australia. Retrieved 2007-06-18.