Aurangabad, Bihar

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Aurangabad district, Bihar.
Aurangabad
औरंगाबाद ज़िला اورنگ آباد ضلع
District of Bihar
Aurangabad is located in Bihar
Aurangabad
Aurangabad
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 24°45′N 84°22′E / 24.75°N 84.37°E / 24.75; 84.37Coordinates: 24°45′N 84°22′E / 24.75°N 84.37°E / 24.75; 84.37
Country  India
State Bihar
District Aurangabad
Elevation 108 m (354 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,137,797
Languages
 • common Magahi and Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 824101
Telephone code 06186
Vehicle registration BR 26
Sex ratio 1000:878 /
Website http://aurangabad.bih.nic.in/

Aurangabad is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. It was officially established in the year 1973. Aurangabad has a population of 1,137,797. Aurangabad is the District Headquarters and is situated on the Grand Trunk Road. The people of this region primarily speak Magahi.

Aurangabad district in Bihar is home to myriad tourist attractions. Magnificent temples, historical places and Islamic pilgrimage centers are located in the district. Excellent connectivity via road and efficient means of local transport has boosted up tourism in Aurangabad. As a result, the number of tourists visiting the place has increased considerably. Touring around the district will be a pleasant experience from October to March, which is considered the best time to visit Aurangabad.

It is situated east of Bodh Gaya at a distance of about 70 km and 140 km from Patna, the capital of Bihar.

The district is affected by Naxalite–Maoist insurgency that blocks its development as a place of tourism in India. The district was established in the year 1973. The district has NH2, NH98 and NH139 as its arterial routes.

Some of the known residential areas of Aurangabad are Club Road, New Area, Karma Road. The District Court and District Magistrate Office are located in close proximity to Ramesh Chowk. Club Road homes the Town Hall, District Jail, Social Club while Karma Road houses the headquarters of District Electricity Department, Police Center and Forest Department.


History[edit]

The history of Aurangabad is a part of history of the ancient Magadh which included the undivided district of Patna and [[Gaya district|Gaya(Ancient City and Ruled by many Gadhwal/Gahadwal also known as Suryavanshi Rajput]]. Three-fourth of India’s early history is the history of Magadh and the area which forms the present district of Aurangabad was a proud sharer of this glory. Although it was a part of the Mahajanpad of Magadh, yet it had its distinct racial and cultural character. Forming part of the first vast the territorial empire of Magadh, perhaps the distinction of being ruled by Bimbisara and Ajatsatru and later on by Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka. The river Sone has been accepted by the authorities as having been western boundary of the Magadh empire.

The prominent feature of this region is that, although it was ruled by Ashoka, the great Magadh Emperor, it culturally continued to enjoy its own identity. Even during the climax of his regime, this region resisted the spread of Buddhism. Later on the people of Rajputana came here to offer pind “Dan” to their ancestors at Gaya. Attracted by the natural beauty of this region, they settled here. The rulers of Deo, Mali, Pawai, Chandragarh and Siris were the descendants of those Rajput warriors. Due to their militant Character, they resisted the domination of the Sultanate Mughals and Britishers.

During the regime of Sher Shah Suri, the area became strategically important. It formed a part of the Rohtas Sirkar. The Afghan ruler built the famous Grand Trunk Road (Now N.H. No.-02). After death of Sher Shah Suri; it came under imperial domain of Akbar. The Afghan upsurge in the area was suppressed by Todarmal and the area between Sherghati and Rohtas was brought under the Mughal Empire. But the glimpses of Afghan architecture are still visible in the old buildings of this region. During regime of Aurangzeb, his Subedar Daud Khan Kuraishi founded the town Daudnagar after defeating by Cog to Gadhwal/Garhwal/Suryavanshi King of Palamu.

After downfall of Mughal Empire, the area came under control of zamindars of Deo, Kutumba, Mali, Pawai, Chandragarh and Siris. The rebellious character of the zamindars of Siris, Kutumba and Pawai, is the proud-preserve in the history of this area. The credit of first rebellion against the British authority belongs to Raja Fateh Narayan Singh of Deo, whose forefathers claimed to be the descendents of Maharana Pratap and were very close to Gadhwal (suryvanshi) Rajput Kings of Gaya district. Most of Gadhwals later got shifted to Jagdishpur and Arrah (Bhojpur) to support Veer Kunwar Singh during the war against Britishers. The veteran freedom fighter Veer Kunwar Singh had his personal relationship in the family of Deo State of Raja Fateh Narayan Singh, they were his in-laws. A joint army of all the Rajputs led by the men of Raja Fateh Narayan Singh started their ride towards Jagdishpur to help Veer Kunwar Singh during the year 1857. He also had supports of Raja Chet Singh of Varanasi, Pitambar Singh of Tekari. A ferocious battle took place at both the bank of river Sone, where thousands of Britishers and soldiers of Raja Narayan Singh were killed. The Sepoy Mutiny of Danapur and Benaras created Commotion in the whole area. It remained for the whole year of 1857. In the next year, the British Government took measures to tighten their grip over administration. District of Gaya was separated from Patna District, and Aurangabad was made Sub Division in the year 1865. It remained part of Gaya District till 1973. Mr. Stement was first S.D.O. of Aurangabad Sub-Division.

The district of Aurangabad was separated on 26.01.1973 as per the govt.notification no 07/11-2071-72 dated 19.01.1973. From parent District Gaya Sri K.A.H. Subramanyam was the first District Magistrate and Sri Surjit Kumar Saha was the then Sub-Divisional officer.

Aurangabad also played a major role in the Indian independence struggle. Aurangabad's contribution in the freedom struggle has been immense with outstanding national leader like great Gandhian and the[1] first Deputy Chief Minister cum Finance Minister of Bihar, Bihar Vibhuti[2] Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha who was a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi and worked with Rajendra Prasad (the first President of India) and led the Gandhian Satyagraha movement in Bihar. It is also the birthplace of Satyendra Narayan Singh affectionately called Chhote Saheb, who was also a participant in the Indian independence movement, and a former Chief Minister of Bihar.

Aurangabad became a fully-fledged district when it was split from Gaya in 1972.[3]

Famous places[edit]

The Famous places in Aurangabad town are Ramesh Chowk, Mahavir Mandir, Gate School.

Aurangabad is very famous for the Deo Surya Mandir, which is situated near Deo, about 19.7 km from Ramesh Chowk. Some other places of attraction in the district are Satbahini Mandir, Deo Kund, Umga, Amjhar Sharif, Pawai, Mali and Chandangadh, Siris.

Deo

Located 10-km to the southeast of Aurangabad, Deo is home to the well-known Sun temple. The 15th century old temple is believed to be built by Bhairvendra Sing, a Chandravanshi king of Umga. It is a 100-ft tall structure, with an umbrella-like top. The important custom of worshipping the Sun God and taking bath in its Brahma Kund dates back to the era of King Ayel. Every year, during Chhath festival, lakhs of pilgrims gather in the premises of the temple to worship the Sun God.

Deo Kund

Deo Kund is an important historic place that forms one of the major tourist attractions in Aurangabad. Situated 10 km to the southeast of the border of Aurangabad and Jehanabad, Deo Kund houses an ancient temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. Thousands of worshippers visit this temple during Shivratri. As per a legend connected to Deo Kund, Chyawan Rishi took shelter in this temple.

Umga

Umga is one of the famous tourist attractions in Aurangabad. Located 24-km to the east of the city, the pilgrim center houses a Vaishnava temple. In terms of its architecture, the temple bears resemblance to the Sun temple built at Deo. Square granite blocks are used to built the magnificent Vaishnava temple, which houses the deities of Lord Ganesha, Sun God and Lord Shiva. Archaeologists and historians will definitely find this temple a special place to visit.

Amjhar Sharif

Amjhar Sharif bears religious significance for being an important Islamic pilgrimage centre of Aurangabad. Located about 10 km away from Panchrukhia, on the Daudnagar-Gaya Road, Amjhar Sharif is abode of an ancient mazaar (grave) of a Muslim saint - Hazrat Saiyadana Mohammad Jilani Amjhari Quadri. Thousands of Muslims visit this pilgrimage center on the anniversary of the great saint, which is held in the first week of June. The holy hair of the saint is put on display on the occasion.

Pawai, Mali and Chandangadh

Migrants from Rajasthan played a crucial role during the medieval and modern periods of history of Aurangabad. Pawai, Mali and Chandangadh are locations where one can find the remains of old forts, whose princes are said to have come from Rajasthan. A visit to these places will prove to be highly adventurous for enthusiastic archaeologists.

Piru

Another tourist place in Aurangabad that bears some historical significance is Piru. Known as Pritikoota in the ancient times, it was the birthplace of Banbhatta, a legendary poet and the State Chronicle of King Harshwardhana.

Siris

Siris, yet another interesting tourist place in Aurangabad, was a pargana during the rule of Sher Shah and the Mughal Empire. Over the passing years, the place became the playground of King Narayan Sing and some unsung heroes of The Revolt of 1857. Siris also houses a mosque, which was built during the rule of Aurangzeb.

Amba-SATBAHINI MANDIR

Satbahini Mandir considered to be a temple of seven sisters who acted as goddess for the village AMBA. The small town is even named on the synonym of Goddess Durga - Ambe. The rainy season every year witness a festival of 10 days in the temple surrounding named as ADRA MELA in the auspicious Adra Nakshtra. Every year the natives used to celebrate "Ambe Mahotsav" to inculcate a sense of brotherhood, humanity & devotion among them.

Divisions[edit]

Sub Divisions[edit]

Aurangabad District comprises following Subdivisions:

  • Aurangabad,
  • Daud Nagar

Blocks: Madanpur, Kutumbba, Daudnagar, Aurangabad, Barun, Obra, Dev, Nabinagar, Haspura, Goh and Rafiganj

Geography[edit]

Aurangabad district occupies an area of 3,389 square kilometres (1,309 sq mi),[4] comparatively equivalent to Russia's Vaygach Island.[5] Aurangabad town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Aurangabad district is a part of Magadh division.

Rivers: Sone, Punpun, Auranga, Bataane, Morhar, Aadri, Madaar

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Indian government named Aurangabad one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[6] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[6]

Educational Institutions[edit]

  • Paradise coaching center
  • paradise public school
  • S.S. College
  • R.L.S.Y. College
  • St.Ignatius School
  • St.Merry Nursery
  • Rameshwar Public School
  • D.A.V Public School
  • B.L. Indo-Anglian Public School
  • Anugrah Inter College
  • S N Sinha College
  • Kishori Sinha Women's College
  • mahesh academy
  • james kids club
  • Shemrock Play School
  • Lord Buddha Public School

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[7] Aurangabad had a population of 2,511,243. Males constitute 52.20% of the population and females 47.80%. Aurangabad has an average literacy rate of 72.77%, lower than the national average of 74.04%; with 82.52% of the males and 62.05% of females literate. 17.44% of the population is under 6 years of age.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Indian Post. "First Bihar Deputy CM cum Finance Minister;Dr. A N Sinha". official Website. Retrieved 20 May 2008. 
  2. ^ Kamat. "Great freedom Fighters". Kamat's archive. Archived from the original on 20 February 2006. Retrieved 25 February 2006. 
  3. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  4. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  5. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1997. Retrieved 11 October 2011. "Vaygach Island 3,329km2" 
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.