औरंगाबाद ज़िला اورنگ آباد ضلع
|— District of Bihar —|
|Elevation||108 m (354 ft)|
|• Official||Maithili, Magahi and Hindi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||BR 26|
|Sex ratio||1000:878 ♂/♀|
Aurangabad is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. It was officially established in the year 1973. Aurangabad has a population of 1,137,797. Aurangabad is the District Headquarters and is situated on the Grand Trunk Road. The people of this region primarily speak Magahi.
Aurangabad district in Bihar is home to myriad tourist attractions. Magnificent temples, historical places and Islamic pilgrimage centers are located in the district. Excellent connectivity via road and efficient means of local transport has boosted up tourism in Aurangabad. As a result, the number of tourists visiting the place has increased considerably. Touring around the district will be a pleasant experience from October to March, which is considered the best time to visit Aurangabad.
The Present Governor of Nagaland is from Aurangabad. This district is affected by Naxalite–Maoist insurgency that blocks its development as a place of tourism in India. The district was established in the year 1973. The district has NH2,NH98 and NH139 as its arterial routes.
Some of the known residential areas of Aurangabad are Club Road,New Area,Karma Road. The District Court and District Magistrate Office are located in close proximity to Ramesh Chowk. Club Road homes the Town Hall,District Jail,Social Club while Karma Road homes the Headquarter of District Electricity Department, Police Center and Forest Department.
The history of Aurangabad is a part of history of the ancient Magadh which included the undivided district of Patna and Gaya .Three-fourth of India’s early history is the history of Magadh and the area which forms the present district of Aurangabad was a proud sharer of this glory .Although it was a part of the Mahajanpad of Magadh,yet it had its distinct racial and cultural character. Forming part of the first vast the territorial empire of Magadh , perhaps the distinction of being ruled by Bimbisara and Ajatsatru and later on by Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka .The river Sone has been accepted by the authorities as having been western boundary of the Magadh empire.
The prominent feature of this region is that, although it was ruled by Ashoka, the great Magadh Emperor, it culturally continued to enjoy its own identify.Even during the climax of his regime, this region resisted the spread of Buddhism. Later on the people of Rajputana came here to offer pind “Dan” to their ancestors at Gaya.They saw the natural beauty of this region which attracted them. They settled here, seeking their place of convenience. The rulers of Deo, Mali, Pawai, Chandragarh and Siris were the descendants of those Rajput warriors. Due to their militant Character, they resisted the domination of the Sultanate Mughals and Britishers.
During the regime of Sher Shah Suri, the area became strategically important .It formed a part of the Rohtas Sirkar.The Afghan ruler built the famous Grand Trunk Road (Now N.H.No.-02) .After death of Sher Shah Suri; it came under imperial domain of Akbar. The Afghan upsurge in the area was suppressed by Todarmal and the area between Sherghati and Rohtas was brought under the Mughal Empire. But the glimpses of Afghan architecture are still visible in the old buildings of this region. During regime of Aurangabad his Subedar Daud Khan Kuraishi founded the town Daudnagar after defeating Garhwal King of Palamu.
After downfall of Mughal Empire, the area came under control of zamindars of Deo, Kutumba, Mali, Pawai,Chandrgarh and Siris.The rebellious character of the zamindars of Siris,Kutumba and Pawai,is the proud-preserve in the history of this area. The first rebellion against the British authority belongs to Raja Narayan Singh of Reyasat Pawai,Whose forefathers said to be the descendents of Prithvi Raj Chauhan.The veteran freedom fighter Veer Kunwar Singh had his personal relationship in the family of Deo State .Some people say his Sasural was in that family . A joint army of all the Rajputs led by the men of Raja Narayan Singh started their towards Jagdishpur to help Veer Kunwar Singh during the year 1857 .He had also support of Raja Chet Singh of Varanashi,Pitambar Singh of Tekari and Kuli Khan of Sasaram . A ferocious battle took place at both the bank of river Sone, where thousands of Britishers and soldiers of Raja Narayan Singh were killed. The Sepoy Mutiny of Danapur and Benaras created Commotion in the whole area .It remained for the whole year of 1857 .In the next year, the British Government took measures to tighten their grip over administration .District of Gaya was separated from Patna District, and Aurangabad was made Sub Division in the year 1865 .It remained part of Gaya District till 1973 Mr.Stement was first S.D.O of Aurangabad Sub-Division.
The district of Aurangabad was separated on 26.01.1973 as per the govt.notification no 07/11-2071-72 dated 19.01.1973. From parent District Gaya Sri K.A.H.Subramanyam was the first District Magistrate and Sri Surjit Kumar Saha was the then Sub-Divisional officer.
Aurangabad also played a major role in the Indian independence struggle. Aurangabad's contribution in the freedom struggle has been immense with outstanding national leader like great Gandhian and the first Deputy Chief Minister cum Finance Minister of Bihar, Bihar Vibhuti Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha who was a close associate of Mahatama Gandhi and worked with Rajendra Prasad (the first President of India) and led the Gandhian Satyagraha movement in Bihar. It is also the birthplace of Satyendra Narayan Singh affectionately called Chhote Saheb, who was also a participant in the Indian independence movement, and a former Chief Minister of Bihar.
Famous places 
The Famous places in Aurangabad are Ramesh Chowk, Mahavir Mandir, Gate School
Aurangabad is very famous for the Deo Surya Mandir, which is situated near Deo, about 19.7 kms from Ramesh Chowk.Some other places of attraction in the distict are Satbahini Mandir, Deo Kund, Umga, Amjhar Sharif, Pawai, Mali and Chandangadh, Siris.
Located 10-km to the southeast of Aurangabad, Deo is home to the well-known Sun temple. The 15th century old temple is believed to be built by Bhairvendra Sing, a Chandravanshi king of Umga. It is a 100-ft tall structure, with an umbrella-like top. The important custom of worshipping the Sun God and taking bath in its Brahma Kund dates back to the era of King Ayel. Every year, during Chhath festival, thousands of pilgrims gather in the premises of the temple to worship the Sun God.
Deo Kund is an important historic place that forms one of the major tourist attractions in Aurangabad. Situated 10 km to the southeast of the border of Aurangabad and Jehanabad, Deo Kund houses an ancient temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. Thousands of worshippers visit this temple during Shivratri. As per a legend connected to Deo Kund, Chyawan Rishi took shelter in this temple.
Umga is one of the famous tourist attractions in Aurangabad. Located 24-km to the east of the city, the pilgrim center houses a Vaishnava temple. In terms of its architecture, the temple bears resemblance to the Sun temple built at Deo. Square granite blocks are used to built the magnificent Vaishnava temple, which houses the deities of Lord Ganesha, Sun God and Lord Shiva. Archaeologists and historians will definitely find this temple a special place to visit.
Amjhar Sharif bears religious significance for being an important Islamic pilgrimage centre of Aurangabad. Located about 10 km away from Panchrukhia, on the Daudnagar-Gaya Road, Amjhar Sharif is abode of an ancient mazaar (grave) of a Muslim saint - Hazrat Saiyadana Mohammad Jilani Amjhari Quadri. Thousands of Muslims visit this pilgrimage center on the anniversary of the great saint, which is held in the first week of June. The holy hair of the saint is put on display on the occasion.
Pawai, Mali and Chandangadh
Migrants from Rajasthan played a crucial role during the medieval and modern periods of history of Aurangabad. Pawar, Mali and Chandangadh are locations where one can find the remains of old forts, whose princes are said to have come from Rajasthan. A visit to these places will prove to be highly adventurous for enthusiastic archaeologists.
Another tourist place in Aurangabad that bears some historical significance is Piru. Known as Pritikoota in the ancient times, it was the birthplace of Banbhatta, a legendary poet and the State Chronicler of King Harshwardhana.
Siris, yet another interesting tourist place in Aurangabad, was a pargana during the rule of Sher Shah and the Mughal Empire. Over the passing years, the place became the playground of King Narayan Sing and some unsung heroes of The Revolt of 1857. Siris also houses a mosque, which was built during the rule of Aurangzeb.
Sub Divisions 
Aurangabad District comprises following Subdivisions:
- Daud Nagar
Blocks: Madanpur, Kutumbba, Daudnagar, Aurangabad, Barun, Obra, Dev, Nabinagar, Haspura, Goh and Rafiganj
Aurangabad district occupies an area of 3,389 square kilometres (1,309 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to Russia's Vaygach Island. Aurangabad town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Aurangabad district is a part of Magadh division.
Rivers: Son, Punpun, Auranga, Bataane, Morhar, Aadri
In 2006 the Indian government named Aurangabad one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
As of 2011[update] India census, Aurangabad had a population of 2,511,243. Males constitute 52.20% of the population and females 47.80%. Aurangabad has an average literacy rate of 72.77%, lower than the national average of 74.04%; with 82.52% of the males and 62.05% of females literate. 17.44% of the population is under 6 years of age.
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