Aurangabad district, Maharashtra
- For other uses, see Aurangabad
|— District of Maharashtra —|
|Administrative division||Aurangabad Division|
|Tehsils||1. Aurangabad, 2. Paithan, 3. Vaijapur, 4. Gangapur, 5. Khuldabad, 6. Phulambri, 7. Kannad, 8. Sillod, 9. Soegaon|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||1. Aurangabad, 2. Jalna (shared with Jalna district) (based on Election Commission website)|
|• Total||10,100 km2 (3,900 sq mi)|
|• Density||290/km2 ( 740/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||924|
|Average annual precipitation||734 mm|
Aurangabad District (Marathi: औरंगाबाद जिल्हा) is one of the 35 districts of Maharashtra state in western India. It is bordered by the districts of Nashik to the west, Jalgaon to the north, Jalna to the east, and Ahmednagar to the south. Aurangabad is the headquarters and principal city. The district covers an area of 10,100 km², out of which 141.1 km² is urban area and 9,958.9 km² is rural.
Aurangabad District is located mainly in the Godavari River Basin and partly in the Tapi River Basin. The district is located between 19 and 20 degrees north longitude, and 74 and 76 degrees east latitude.
Geologically whole area is covered by the Deccan Trap lava flows of upper Cretaceous to lower Eocene age and the basaltic lava flows belonging to the Deccan Trap is the only major geological formation. The traps are overlain by thin alluvial deposits along the major rivers.The lava flows are horizontal and each flow has distinct two units. The upper layers consist of vesicular and amygdule zeolitic basalt whiles the bottom layer consists of massive basalt.
There are three mountains:
- Antur – 826 m
- Satonda – 552 m
- Abbasgad – 671 m and Ajintha 578 m; average height of southern portion is 600–670 m
The major rivers in Aurangabad district are the Godavari and the Tapi, and also the Purna, Shivna,Maniyad, Sukhana and Kham. The famous Shahbaz river is also there in Aurangabad.
The Narangi rises on the southern slopes of the water divide to the south of the Maniyad river a little above Naral village and flows past Vaijapur. A little below the latter, it is joined by the Deo nala, flowing from Nasik district. It has a fairly long south southwesterly course before its point of entry into the Godavari is carried a little down the latter. It is joined by the Chor nala from the west and Kurla nala from the east. Actually the Narangi continues the trend of the Kurla river after the latter’s confluence.
Maniyad river the tributaries of the Tapi basin flowing towards north and meet Girna river in Nashik district,A Maniyad reservoir called as Vinayaksagar constrcted across this river near Parala village. This reservoir is used for irrigation and supply of drinking water to part of Vaijapur taluka and also for pisciculture on lease basis. Kham river which runs through the south west part of the city, is now dried up and only flows in mansoon, rest of the part of kham river beyond Pan chakki is now appearing as nala.
Sukna.-The Sukna rises to the west of the source of the Lahuki above Kolthan village and has an initial course parallel to the Kaurn river. The head streams of this river appear to have been beheaded by the Kaum river. The Sukna flows southeastwards past Chikalthana receiving a number of small streams on both, sides and joins the Dudna at Sadesangvi.
Dudna.-The largest tributary of the Purna is the Dudna which is nearly as long as the main river up to the confluence point. The Dudna rises above the Kankur village on the northern slopes of the easterly trending off-shoot of the Ellora range forming the divide between this stream and the Sukna and flows some 15 km. to the north of Aurangabad town.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In Aurangabad District the rainy season runs from June to September. Winter is from approximately October to February and summer from March to May. The average rainfall of Aurangabad district is 734 mm, and the temperature range is about 5–46 degrees Celsius.
|Climate data for Aurangabad|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.7
|Average low °C (°F)||14.2
|Precipitation mm (inches)||2.2
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Aurangabad one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the twelve districts in Maharashtra currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). Companies operating out of Aurangabad District are;
- Dhoot Transmission Pvt. Ltd
The district comprises nine tehsils. These are: Kannad, Soygaon, Sillod, Phulambri, Aurangabad, Khultabad, Vaijapur, Gangapur and Paithan.
There are nine Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha constituencies located in this district. These are: Sillod, Kannad, Pulambri, Aurangabad Central, Aurangabad West, Aurangabad East, Paithan, Gangapur and Vaijapur. Aurangabad is the only Lok Sabha constituency in this district.
According to the 2011 census Aurangabad district, Maharashtra has a population of 3,695,928, roughly equal to the nation of Liberia or the US state of Oklahoma. This gives it a ranking of 72nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 365 inhabitants per square kilometre (950 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.33%. Aurangabad has a sex ratio of 917 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 80.4%.
According to the 2001 Census, the total population of Aurangabad District is 2,897,013, and the main languages are Marathi, Hindi, English and Urdu. The population of the district is 37.53% urban as of 2001.
- Mumbai - Aurangabad
- Hyderabad - Aurangabad
- Nagpur - Aurangabad
- Pune - Aurangabad (approximately 4.5 hours journey time)
- Mumbai - Aurangabad
- Hyderabad - Nanded - Aurangabad
- Secunderabad - Bangalore - Parbhani - Aurangabad
- Nagpur - Aurangabad - Nagpur
- Mumbai-Aurangabad - Mumbai - Janshatabdi Express - Daily - Up & Down
- Nandigram Express - Via - Aurangabad to Mumbai - Daily Service
- Devgiri Express - Via - Aurangabad to Mumbai - Daily Service
- Tapovan Express - Daily Service
- Delhi - Mumbai - Aurangabad
- Mumbai - Aurangabad
See also 
- K.R.Aher and S.M.Deshpande 'Assessment of Water Quality of the Maniyad Reservoir of Parala Village, district Aurangabad: Suitability for Multipurpose Usage',International Journal of Recent Trends in Science And Technology,Vol.1(3),pp 91-95,2011,E-ISSN 2249 8109.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- "District wise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est."
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Oklahoma 3,751,351"
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Ahirani: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Andh: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
||Jalgaon district||Buldana district|
|Nashik district||Jalna district|
|Ahmadnagar district||Beed district|