Aurelius of Asturias

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Aurelius
King of Asturias
Rey Aurelio.jpg
18th-century illustration representing Aurelius of Asturias
King of Asturias
Reign 768–774
Coronation 768
Predecessor Fruela I of Asturias
Successor Silo of Asturias
House Beni Alfons
Father Fruela of Cantabria
Mother unknown
Born c. 740
Asturias
Died 774
San Martín del Rey Aurelio
(Langreo)
Burial uncertain location
Religion Roman Catholicism

Aurelius (Spanish: Aurelio) (c. 740 – 774) was the King of Asturias from 768 to his death.

Born in León, he was the son of Fruela of Cantabria (son of Peter of Cantabria); nephew of Alfonso I of Asturias; and a cousin of his predecessor, Fruela the Cruel. His brother, Bermudo I, later reigned as king 789 – 791.

Aurelius was chosen as king by the Asturian nobility after Fruela assassinated his brother and was in turn assassinated. He is believed to have been crowned in Sama. His seems to have been a relatively quiet and peaceful reign, attested by the near-absence of mention of his reign in the medieval chronicles. The only event of his reign narrated in the chronicles was a rebellion of serfs, which Aurelius put down. The location of the uprising is unknown, but it is the first recorded instance of anti-seignorial revolt in the history of the Iberian Peninsula. It is believed that, according to the custom of the times, he negotiated peace with the Muslims who dominated the lands to his south by an exchange of brides, which according to legend led to the place-name El Entrego, nowadays the heart of the municipality of San Martín del Rey Aurelio.

It would appear that his principal residence and the effective capital of Asturias during his reign was the municipality of San Martín del Rey Aurelio, then part of Langreo. Having reigned six years, Aurelius died there of natural causes in the year 774. The chronicles of the era make no mention of Aurelius having a wife or children Asturias. He was succeeded by his cousin-in-law, Silo, husband of his Alfonso I's daughter Adosinda.

Burial place[edit]

Historians disagree about the disposition of Aurelius's remains. The medieval Asturian Chronicles disagree with one another. Some say that he was entombed near where he lived in the Valley of Langreo, in the (Church of San Martín de Tours in San Martín del Rey Aurelio, where there is a tomb engraved "Rey Aurelio". The Estoria de España or Primera Crónica General, written in the 13th century during the reign of Alfonso X of Castile, says that Aurelius' remains were entombed in the municipality of Cangas de Onís.[1] Nonetheless, historian Esteban de Garibay states that Aurelius was entombed next to his father Fruela of Cantabria, in the no longer existent church of San Miguel in Yanguas, a municipality of the Province of Soria.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (Spanish) Ricardo del Arco y Garay, Sepulcros de la Casa Real de Castilla (1954), Instituto Jerónimo Zurita, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid. OCLC 11366237. p. 132.
  2. ^ Anguiano Nieva, Mateo (1704). Compendio historial de la provincia de La Rioja, de sus santos y milagrosos santuarios (in Spanish). p. 582-586. 

References[edit]

Preceded by
Fruela I
King of Asturias
768–774
Succeeded by
Silo