Aurelle-Verlac

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Aurelle-Verlac
Wayside Cross in Aurelle-Verlac
Wayside Cross in Aurelle-Verlac
Coat of arms of Aurelle-Verlac
Coat of arms
Aurelle-Verlac is located in France
Aurelle-Verlac
Aurelle-Verlac
Coordinates: 44°30′25″N 3°00′29″E / 44.5069°N 3.0081°E / 44.5069; 3.0081Coordinates: 44°30′25″N 3°00′29″E / 44.5069°N 3.0081°E / 44.5069; 3.0081
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Aveyron
Arrondissement Rodez
Canton Saint-Geniez-d'Olt
Intercommunality Pays d'Olt et d'Aubrac
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Jean-Pierre Niel
Area
 • Land1 54.68 km2 (21.11 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 165
 • Population2 density 3.0/km2 (7.8/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 12014 / 12130
Elevation 500–1,461 m (1,640–4,793 ft)
(avg. 1,000 m or 3,300 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aurelle-Verlac (Occitan: Aurela Verlac) is a French commune in the Aveyron department in the Midi-Pyrénées region of southern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aurellacois or Aurellacoises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Aurelle-Verlac is located in the Massif Central in Aubrac some 60 km east of Decazeville and 70 km south-east of Aurillac with the eastern border of the commune being the border between Aveyron and Lozère departments. Access to the commune is by road D503 from Saint-Geniez-d'Olt in the south which goes north through the village and most of the the length of the commune before going west to join the D219 west of the commune. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Crespiac, Verelaguet, Les Mazes, La Frassinede, Naves d'Aubrac, La Moliere, Moncan, Rieuzens, Bernie, Les Caps, and Les Ginestes. The commune is mainly deep valleys where boraldes flow down to the Lot. The highest point in the department is on the Signal de Mailhe-Biau in the north-east of the commune.[2] It is located in a Natura 2000 zone and is rugged with forests and high country farming.[3]

The Ruisseau de Mardonenque rises in the north and flows south down the centre of the commune gathering tributaries including the Ruisseau de Monette, the Ravin de Placaus, the Ravin des Rives, the Ravin de la Coste, the Ravin de la Ligue, and the Ruisseau de Rioubasset, which forms the south-eastern border, before continuing south to join the Lot near Saint-Geniez-d'Olt. The Ruisseau de Bonance also rises in the north of the commune and flows south towards the eastern side of the commune forming part of the eastern border before continuing south to join the Lot near Pomayrols. On the western side of the commune the Merdanson forms the western border of the commune as it flows south to join the Lot near Cabanac. The Ruisseau de Rioudis and the Ruisseau de Mandialou both rise in the commune and join the Merdanson on the western border.[3]

Neighbouring communes and villages[3][edit]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Aurelle-Verlac

These arms are Canting arms with the gold referring to the commune name and the silver to silver mines.

Blazon:
Azure, an escallop in Or between in chief two mullets the same and in base 5 Ermine spots in Argent arranged in fess.




Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[4]

Mayors from 1919
From To Name Party Position
1919 1947 Antoine Alazard
1947 1965 Théophile Auguy
1965 1971 Jean Foulquier
1971 1983 Jean Vialard
1983 2008 Paul Garces
2008 2020 Jean-Pierre Niel

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 165 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,810 1,696 - - - - - 1,068 1,085
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,065 1,025 1,075 1,007 1,029 1,022 1,048 990 971
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
896 903 832 726 705 653 614 494 478
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
435 380 333 270 246 209 182 165 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Aurelle-Verlac

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

  • The Fortified Farm of Aubignac[5]

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has two religious buildings that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Church of Saint-Jacques de Verlac (11th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6] is Romanesque and depended on the abbey of La Chaise-Dieu. It is located in the village centre surrounded by a small cemetery and built from local materials: schist for the walls, basalt, tuff, and sandstone for the cut stones. Its plan consists of a single nave with pointed columns terminated by an apse in a cul-de-four design. Two chapels, built later, act as transepts. The church contains a Bronze Bell (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[7] which is registered as a historical object.
  • The Church of Saint-Pierre d'Aurelle (1384)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8] is the smallest Romanesque church in France. It has a unique history. In 1382, on the pretext of the arrival of the English, the Marquis of Beaufort, Baron of Aurelle, destroyed the church. On being excommunicated, he was obliged by the bishop to rebuild the church in a year. The new church was rebuilt inside the village in 1384 with the old materials.
  • The Church of Saint-Martin-de-Montbon contains a Bronze Bell (1762)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[9] which is registered as a historical object.
Other religious structures of interest
  • The Rode Cross was erected by the lord of Peyre in 1377.
  • The Berque Cross[10] is located at Les Mazes rising from the Vergnes Cross. It was built in 1531 and marked the boundary of the barony of Aurelle between the dom[Note 2] lands of Aubrac and those of the Marquis of Canilhac. On one of its faces it has an expressive though stylized virgin with child.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Christian-Pierre Bedel, Sent-Ginièis, Aurela-Verlac, Pèira-Ficha, Pomairòls, Pradas, Senta-Aularia / Christian-Pierre Bedel and the inhabitants of the commune of Sent-Ginièis, Rodez, Mission départementale de la culture, 1991, Al canton collection, 230 pages, ill., cov. ill., 28 cm, ISBN 2-907279-07-6, ISSN 1151-8375, BnF 36653864f (Occitan) (French)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
  2. ^ A name given to certain religious, particularly in the Benedictine, Carthusian, and Trappist orders.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Aurelle-Verlac (French)
  2. ^ Aurelle-Verlac on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
  3. ^ a b c Google Maps
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ The fortified farm of Aubignac (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00093959 Church of Saint-Jacques de Verlac (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM12000009 Bronze bell (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00093958 Church of Saint-Pierre d'Aurelle (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM12000010 Bronze bell (French)
  10. ^ Berque Cross (French)