Aurès Mountains

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Aurès Range
جبال الأوراس
Hammam Essalhine Aquae Flaviane Khenchela Mont View 2.jpg
Hammam Essalhine Mont View
Highest point
Peak Djebel Chélia (Algeria)
Elevation 7,638 ft (2,328 m)
Coordinates 35°19′05″N 6°38′13″E / 35.31806°N 6.63694°E / 35.31806; 6.63694Coordinates: 35°19′05″N 6°38′13″E / 35.31806°N 6.63694°E / 35.31806; 6.63694
Geography
Localisation aures.svg
Countries Algeria and Tunisia
States/Provinces
Parent range Saharan Atlas, Atlas Mountain System
View of the Belezma Range with snow.

The Aurès, (Berber: Awras, Latin: Aurasium,[1] Arabic: جبال الأوراس‎) is an eastern prolongation of the Atlas Mountain System that lies to the east of the Saharan Atlas in northeastern Algeria and northwestern Tunisia.

The rugged terrain of the Aurès mountains is one of the less developed areas in the Maghreb.

Geography[edit]

Not as tall as the High Atlas Mountains of Morocco, the Aurès mountains are the eastern continuation of the Saharan Atlas. The highest peak, at 2,328 meters, is the Djebel Chélia in Khenchela Province.

History[edit]

Historically, the Aurès served as a refuge for the Berber tribes, forming a base of resistance against the Romans, Vandals, Byzantine, and Arabs.[2] It was also a district of French Algeria that existed during and after the Algerian War of Independence from 1954 to 1962. It was in this region that Algerian War of Independence was started by Berber freedom fighters.

Population[edit]

In eastern Algeria the Aurès is a large Berber language speaking region, home of the Chaoui people. The Chaoui eastern Berber population practices traditional transhumance, farming fixed stone terraces in the mountains where they grow sorghum, as well as other grains and vegetables. Seasonally they move their cattle to relatively warm areas in the lowland valleys where they pitch tents or live in other temporary structures and tend livestock through the winter.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Procopius: Vandalic war (Book 3-4)
  2. ^ Conant, Jonathan (2012). Staying Roman : conquest and identity in Africa and the Mediterranean, 439-700. Cambridge New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 280 -281. ISBN 0521196973. 
  3. ^ La vie économique du Chaouia de l'Aurès

External links[edit]

Dahra is a low mountainous range part of the greater Tell Atlas located in Algeria and which goes from Algiers at the east throughout the coasts untill Mostaganem at the west.