Auriac, Pyrénées-Atlantiques

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Auriac
Bearnais house in Auriac
Bearnais house in Auriac
Auriac is located in France
Auriac
Auriac
Coordinates: 43°27′23″N 0°18′53″W / 43.4564°N 0.3147°W / 43.4564; -0.3147Coordinates: 43°27′23″N 0°18′53″W / 43.4564°N 0.3147°W / 43.4564; -0.3147
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Thèze
Intercommunality Luys en Béarn
Government
 • Mayor (1993–2020) Christian Larrouturou
Area
 • Land1 5.23 km2 (2.02 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 246
 • Population2 density 47/km2 (120/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64078 / 64450
Elevation 145–250 m (476–820 ft)
(avg. 242 m or 794 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Auriac is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Auriacois or Auriacoises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Auriac is located some 20 km north of Pau just east of Argelos. Access to the commune is by road D834 from Sarron in the north which passes through the commune and continues to Pau in the south. Access to the village is by road D944 from the village to Thèze in the north-west and the D227 from the village to Sévignacq in the south-east. The A55 autoroute passes through the north of the commune with Exit 9 just north-east of the commune giving access to road D834. The commune is mixed forest and farmland.[2]

Places and hamlets[3][edit]

  • Alpin
  • Baix
  • Bernède
  • Blanc
  • Calot
  • Camot
  • Cassagne
  • Cazaudehore[4]
  • Chin
  • Cournau
  • Duclos
  • Fam
  • Hourticq
  • Laborde
  • Madaune
  • Maribat
  • Moulin de Mugain
  • Mounpézat
  • Pénouilh
  • Périco
  • Pierroulou
  • Porte[5]
  • Poudgé
  • Rey
  • Ser (forest)

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

Entry to Auriac
Exit from Auriac

The commune name in béarnais is Auriac. Michel Grosclaude said that the name probably comes from the Latin man's name Aurius with the gallo-roman suffix -acum giving "Domain of Aurius".[6]

The following table shows the origin of the commune name:

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Auriac Auriag 1096 Raymond
17
Marka Village
Auriac 1750 Cassini

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted that Auriac was once an annex of Argelos.[7]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[10]

Old Town Hall
The current Town Hall
Mayors from 1940
From To Name Party Position
1940 1942 Jean Evrard
1942 1944 Pierre Boué-Cam
1944 1945 Joseph Soubré
1945 1948 René Rey
1948 1949 Pierre Clauzet
1949 1951 Jean Maribat
1951 1951 Joseph Soubré
1951 1953 Pierre Boué-Cam
1953 1959 René Rey
1959 1962 Pierre Clauzet
1962 1963 René Rey
1965 1971 Claude Larrieu
1971 1977 Henri Hélip
1977 1993 Marc Rey
1993 2020 Christian Larrouturou

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of five inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Luys en Béarn;
  • the SIVU for collective sanitation Auriac-Miossens-Lanusse-Thèze
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the management of drinking water from the Luy-Gabas-Lées;
  • the inter-communal association of Garlède-Lalonquette;

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 246 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
- - - - 317 351 330 352 340
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
339 293 283 287 284 277 257 223 226
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
227 231 219 189 176 179 184 182 179
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
163 153 167 166 180 209 - 246 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Auriac

Culture and heritage[edit]

An Auriac Farmhouse

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A House at Porte (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • A House at Cazaudehore (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • Houses and Farms (16th and 19th centuries)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint-François-de-Sales

The commune has two religious buildings that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Parish Church of Saint-François-de-Sales (18th century) (destroyed)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • The Parish Church of Saint-François-de-Sales (1885).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13] This church was built in 1885 to replace the old church of the same name which appeared on the Cassini Map. The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:

Facilities[edit]

Auriac has a primary school which also serves the communes of Garlède-Mondebat, Lalonquette et Miossens-Lanusse in an Educational Inter-communal Grouping.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026731 House at Cazaudehore (French)
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026732 House at Porte (French)
  6. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (French)
  7. ^ a b Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, p. 17, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  8. ^ Cassini Map 1750 - Auriac
  9. ^ Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn p. 356
  10. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026729 Houses and Farms (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027931 Church of Saint-François-de-Sales (destroyed) (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027930 Church of Saint-François-de-Sales (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001186 Furniture in the Church (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001185 Chasuble (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001184 Sun-ray Monstrance (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001183 2 Altar Candlesticks (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001182 Chalice (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001181 Prie-dieux (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001180 Stoup (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001179 2 Altars, 4 altar seatings, and 2 Tabernacles (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001178 Altar, 2 altar seatings, a Tabernacle, and 2 Statues (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001177 3 Stained glass windows of people: Saint Francis de Sales, Saint Michael protecting a canon, and Saint John (French)