|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (December 2008)|
|Intercommunality||Pôle Azur Provence|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Jacques Varrone|
|• Land1||5.48 km2 (2.12 sq mi)|
|• Population2 Density||520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||06007 / 06810|
|Elevation||12–302 m (39–991 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Auribeau is one of the many hilltop villages in Alpes-Maritimes built to enable the population to protect themselves against external aggressors. The earliest traces of human occupation are an Oppidum located at the top of mount Peygros, built around 600BC by the Celto-Ligurian people.
The Roman army defeated the Ligurian tribes in 155BC, but it was only after the victory of the emperor Auguste in 14 BC that Rome was able to continue the Via Aurelia as the Via Julia Augusta within Alpes-Maritimes along the Mediterranean coast up to Arles. At Mandelieu a secondary road split off to follow the Siagne up to Auribeau.
A text from 1242 reads "Auribeau church and castle" which indicates that the village existed at that time. The population of the village would be decimated in the middle of fourteenth century in the wake of wars and the Black Plague. The raids by Raymond de Turenne continued to devastate the region until 1399. A text from 1400 describes the place as deserted, "castle completely destroyed by the church of Our Lady now open to the skies and partially destroyed."
In an agreement dated 5 June 1497 the Bishop of Grasse, Jean-André Grimaldi requested the people of the dioceses of Albenga and Ventimiglia to rebuild those houses within the village boundary. Therefore, the village that we see today dates from the sixteenth century. However, the church, which is located outside the village walls, dates from the seventeenth century. In the sixteenth century, the Siagne river was navigable between Auribeau and Mandelieu and served as a transportation route.
In 1692, the commune residents opposed the requisitioning of workers to build the fortifications at Antibes. In 1707, during the War of Spanish Succession, the village was invaded and sacked by the French and Austro-Sardinian armies. In 1720, the Plague of Marseille led to closure of the village although access was still possible via an entry point put in place during the construction of the church (outside the village walls) in 1717. In 1765 Auribeau had 560 inhabitants.
- The Sanctuary of Notre-Dame-de-Valcluse, named in a text dating from 1158.
- Joseph Grégoire Casy, soldier and French politician was born in the commune on 8 October 1787.
- The Siagne river
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