Auribeau-sur-Siagne

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Auribeau-sur-Siagne
View of the village from the Chemin de Pierrenchon
View of the village from the Chemin de Pierrenchon
Coat of arms of Auribeau-sur-Siagne
Coat of arms
Auribeau-sur-Siagne is located in France
Auribeau-sur-Siagne
Auribeau-sur-Siagne
Coordinates: 43°36′06″N 6°54′42″E / 43.6017°N 6.9117°E / 43.6017; 6.9117Coordinates: 43°36′06″N 6°54′42″E / 43.6017°N 6.9117°E / 43.6017; 6.9117
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes
Arrondissement Grasse
Canton Grasse-Sud]
Intercommunality Pôle Azur Provence
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Jacques Varrone
Area
 • Land1 5.48 km2 (2.12 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 3,042
 • Population2 density 560/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 06007 / 06810
Elevation 12–302 m (39–991 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Auribeau-sur-Siagne is a French commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department iin the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of south-eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Auribélois or Auribéloises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Auribeau-sur-Siagne is a medieval village dating from the 11th century located some 10 km north-west of Cannes and 6 km south-west of Grasse. Perched on a rocky spur, the village overlooks the Siagne river. Access to the commune is by road D9 from Pégomas in the south-east which passes north through the eastern part of the commune and continues to Grasse in the north. The village, which is in the south of the commune, is accessed by local roads. The commune is served by the Sillages bus network Route 29 (Pégomas - Grasse) that has nine trips per day on weekdays.[2] There are extensive residential urban areas in the commune with the areas of Le Gabre, Les Vayoux, Le Moulin Vieux, Carel, and Le Couloubrier. The rest of the commune is forested with a few small patches of farmland.[3]

The Siagne river forms the south-western border of the commune with several tributaries flowing south through the commune to join it, the largest being the Riou.[3]

Neighbouring communes and villages[3][edit]

History[edit]

Auribeau is one of the many hilltop villages in Alpes-Maritimes built to enable the population to protect themselves against external aggressors. The earliest traces of human occupation are an Oppidum located at the top of mount Peygros, built around 600BC by the Celto-Ligurian people.

The Roman army defeated the Ligurian tribes in 155BC, but it was only after the victory of the emperor Augustus in 14 BC that Rome was able to continue the Via Aurelia as the Via Julia Augusta within Alpes-Maritimes along the Mediterranean coast up to Arles. At Mandelieu a secondary road split off to follow the Siagne up to Auribeau.

In an act of 1158, the pope confirmed ownership by the Bishops of Antibes of the fields and tithes of the churches of Auribeau, Pégomas, Notre-Dame-de-Valcluse and Mouans.

A text from 1242 reads "Auribeau church and castle" which indicates that the village existed at that time. The population of the village was decimated in the middle of the 14th century in the wake of war and the Black Plague. The raids by Raymond de Turenne continued to devastate the region until 1399. A text from 1400 describes the place as deserted, "castle completely destroyed near the church of Our Lady which is now open to the skies and partially destroyed."

In an agreement dated 5 June 1497 the Bishop of Grasse, Jean-André Grimaldi requested the people of the dioceses of Albenga and Ventimiglia to rebuild those houses within the village boundary. Therefore, the village that we see today dates from the 16th century. The church however, which is located outside the village walls, dates from the 17th century. In the 16th century the Siagne river was navigable between Auribeau and Mandelieu and served as a transportation route.

In 1692, commune residents opposed the requisitioning of workers to build the fortifications at Antibes. In 1707, during the War of Spanish Succession, the village was invaded and sacked by the French and Austro-Sardinian armies. In 1720 the Plague of Marseille led to the closure of the village, although access was still possible via an entry point put in place during the construction of the church (outside the village walls) in 1717. In 1765 Auribeau had 560 inhabitants.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Auribeau-sur-Siagne

Blazon:
Argent, in base Vert, overall surmounted by Saint Antony clothed and haloed in Or, a band of hair and apron in Sable bearded in Argent, in his hands a book open the same.




Administration[edit]

The Town Hall at Auribeau-sur-Siagne

The number of inhabitants at the last census was between 2500 and 3499 so the number of members of the municipal council is 23.[4]

List of Successive Mayors[5]

From To Name Party Position
1983 2020 Jacques Varonne UMP

(Not all data is known)

Judicial and administrative proceedings[edit]

Auribeau-sur-Siagne falls within the area of the Tribunal d'instance (District court) of Grasse, the Tribunal de grande instance (High Court) of Grasse, the Cour d'appel (Appeal court) of Aix-en-Provence, the Tribunal pour enfants (Juvenile court) of Grasse, the Conseil de prud'hommes (Labour Court) of Grasse, the Tribunal de commerce (Commercial Court) of Grasse, the Tribunal administratif (Administrative tribunal) of Nice, and the Cour administrative d'appel (Administrative Court of Appeal) of Marseille.[6]

Urban planning[edit]

The Old Village

In 2009, the total number of dwellings in the commune was 1,433, compared to 1,212 in 1999.[7]

Of these units 79.50% were primary residences, second homes were 17.4% and 3.1% was vacant housing. 84.3% of these units were detached houses and 13.2% were apartments.[8]

The proportion of main residences owned by their occupants was 77.1%, an increase compared to 1999 (71.7%).[9]

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 3,042 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
554 569 575 607 652 656 616 600 605
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
573 546 528 536 477 473 610 587 550
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
480 510 448 448 506 541 470 436 570
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
651 767 950 1,154 2,072 2,612 2,694 3,042 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Auribeau-sur-Siagne

Economy[edit]

Income and taxation[edit]

In 2010 the median household income tax was €37,753 which placed Auribeau-sur-Siagne at 3947th place among the 31,525 communes with more than 39 households in metropolitan France.[10]

Employment[edit]

In 2009 the population aged from 15–64 years was 1,984 people of which 73.3% were employable, 67.7% were employed, and 5.5% unemployed.[11]

There were 360 jobs in the area of employment against 254 in 1999 with employable people residing in the commune at 1,363. the concentration indicator[Note 2] was 26.4%, which indicates that the area provides employment for only a quarter of the available workers.[12]

Businesses and shops[edit]

On 31 December 2010 there were 258 businesses in Auribeau-sur-Siagne: 9 in agriculture-forestry-fishing, 18 in industry, 45 in construction, 160 in trades, transport, and services, and 36 were related to the Administrative sector.[13]

In 2011 43 new businesses were created in Auribeau-sur-Siagne[14] with 29 Sole proprietorships.[15]

Culture and heritage[edit]

The Altar of the Chapel

Sites and Monuments[edit]

The Shrine of Our Lady of Valcluse is one of the busiest regional sanctuaries. It is located in the Diocese of Nice. Le Vivier is a stream which crosses the sanctuary and helps to maintain the abundant greenery adorning the sanctuary with the noise from waterfalls.[16]

The sanctuary is mentioned in a text dated 24 November 1158: Pope Adrian IV listed the Church of Valcluse among the domains of the Bishop of Antibes, Raymond I. Another text dated 24 and 26 November 1258 indicated that the church was dedicated to Our Lady: super ecclesiam Beate maria de Valle Clusa....[16]

The present chapel dates from 1650. In 1950 the statue of the Virgin was crowned by Cardinal Clément Roques, Archbishop of Rennes, and Monseigneur Paul Rémond, Bishop of Nice. It has beautified the chapel following a vow made on 20 August 1944 to do this if the region was spared from the Second World War.[16]

In 1986 the Sisters of St. Joseph of Puy were hosts at the chapel followed in 1995 by members of the Community of the Beatitudes.[16]

The chapel contains three items which are registered as historical objects:

Picture Gallery[edit]

Education[edit]

The commune is located in the area of the Academy of Nice. There is a Nursery school with 127 pupils in 2012-2013[20] and an elementary school with 189 pupils.[21]

Cultural Events and Festivals[edit]

Since 2012 there has been an annual Theatre Festival called Auribeau-sur-Scène to celebrate the living arts (classical and contemporary theatre, ambulatory theatre, children's shows, etc.) and highlighting the heritage of the commune.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Joseph Grégoire Casy (1787-1862), soldier and politisian, born in Auribeau-sur-Siagne on 8 October 1787.

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Yves Bernard, Tourist and Cultural Annual of Alpes-Maritimes and the Principality of Monaco, p. 19, Éditions Campanile, 1997, ISBN 2912366-003

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
  2. ^ This indicator is the number of jobs in the area per 100 employed workers as defined by Insee.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Alpes-Maritimes (French)
  2. ^ Timetable of Sillages Bus No. 29 (French).
  3. ^ a b c Google Maps
  4. ^ Légifrance, art L. 2121-2 of the General code for territorial collectives (French).
  5. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  6. ^ List of competent jurisdictions for Auribeau-sur-Siagne, Ministry of Justice website (French).
  7. ^ LOG T1M - Evolution of the number of lodgings by category, on the INSEE website (French).
  8. ^ LOG T2 - Categories and Types of Lodgings, on the INSEE website (French).
  9. ^ LOG T7 - Principle residences according to the statute of occupation, on the INSEE website (French).
  10. ^ Page RFDM2010COM: Local fiscal revenue by household - 2010, INSEE website, consulted on 11 November 2012 (French).
  11. ^ EMP T1 - Population from 15 to 64 years by type of activity, on the INSEE website (French).
  12. ^ EMP T5 - Employment and Activity, on the INSEE website (French).
  13. ^ CEN T1 - Active businesses by sector of activity at 31 December 2011, on the INSEE website (French).
  14. ^ DEN T1 - Active businesses by sector of activity at 31 December 2011, on the INSEE website (French).
  15. ^ DEN T2 - Creation of individual businesses by sector of activity in 2011, on the INSEE website (French).
  16. ^ a b c d Documentation held at the sanctuary.
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM06000029 Collection Plate depicting Ciceron (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM06000028 Chalice (French)Camera aabb.svg
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM06000027 Reliquary (French)Camera aabb.svg
  20. ^ Alpes-Maritimes (06) > Auribeau-sur-Siagne > École, Ministry of National Education website, consulted on 16 April 2013 (French).
  21. ^ Alpes-Maritimes (06) > Auribeau-sur-Siagne > École, Ministry of National Education website, consulted on 16 April 2013 (French).