Aurich

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Aurich
Aurich center, car free zone
Aurich center, car free zone
Coat of arms of Aurich
Coat of arms
Aurich is located in Germany
Aurich
Aurich
Coordinates: 53°28′17″N 07°29′01″E / 53.47139°N 7.48361°E / 53.47139; 7.48361Coordinates: 53°28′17″N 07°29′01″E / 53.47139°N 7.48361°E / 53.47139; 7.48361
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Aurich
Government
 • Mayor Heinz-Werner Windhorst (Ind.)
Area
 • Total 197.21 km2 (76.14 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 40,606
 • Density 210/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 26603 - 26607
Dialling codes 04941
Vehicle registration AUR
Website www.aurich.de

Aurich (About this sound German pronunciation ; Low Saxon: Auerk) is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is the capital of the district of Aurich.

History[edit]

The history of Aurich dates back to the 13th century, when the settlement of Aurechove was mentioned in a Frisian document called the Brokmerbrief in 1276. In 1517, Count Edzard from the house of Cirksena began reconstructing the city after an attack. He established the town center, which is still in place today. In 1539, the land authorities were brought together in Aurich, making it the capital of the county and, later, East Frisia, remaining the seat of the land authorities when East Frisia was inherited by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1744. After the Prussian Army was defeated in the Battle of Jena in 1807, Aurich became part of the Kingdom of Holland in 1808. In 1810, the Kingdom of Holland was annexed by France and Aurich was made the capital of the department Ems-Oriental of the First French Empire. After Napoleon was defeated in 1814, it passed to the Kingdom of Hanover in 1815, and then was annexed by Prussia in 1866 and made part of the Province of Hanover.

From October 21, 1944, until December 23, 1944, a Nazi concentration camp was established in Aurich. The camp was a subcamp to the Neuengamme concentration camp.[2]

After World War II, Aurich became part of the new state of Lower Saxony.

Coat of arms[edit]

Aurich's coat of arms is drawn by the blazon: "Arms: Landscape with chief two-thirds sky and base third earth, a shield Gules emblazoned with letter 'A' Or, an open-topped crown Or above, two growing trees Vert at sides. Crown: A battlement Gules with three merlons and two embrasures. Supporters: Two branches of mistletoe with leaves and berries Or.".

Note that the coat of arms of the district of the same name differs.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]