Aurich center, car free zone
|• Mayor||Heinz-Werner Windhorst (Ind.)|
|• Total||197.21 km2 (76.14 sq mi)|
|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|• Density||210/km2 (530/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Postal codes||26603 - 26607|
The history of Aurich dates back to the 13th century, when the settlement of Aurechove was mentioned in a Frisian document called the Brokmerbrief in 1276. In 1517, Count Edzard from the house of Cirksena began reconstructing the city after an attack. He established the town center, which is still in place today. In 1539, the land authorities were brought together in Aurich, making it the capital of the county and, later, East Frisia, remaining the seat of the land authorities when East Frisia was inherited by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1744. After the Prussian Army was defeated in the Battle of Jena in 1807, Aurich became part of the Kingdom of Holland in 1808. In 1810, the Kingdom of Holland was annexed by France and Aurich was made the capital of the department Ems-Oriental of the First French Empire. After Napoleon was defeated in 1814, it passed to the Kingdom of Hanover in 1815, and then was annexed by Prussia in 1866 and made part of the Province of Hanover.
Coat of arms
Aurich's coat of arms is drawn by the blazon: "Arms: Landscape with chief two-thirds sky and base third earth, a shield Gules emblazoned with letter 'A' Or, an open-topped crown Or above, two growing trees Vert at sides. Crown: A battlement Gules with three merlons and two embrasures. Supporters: Two branches of mistletoe with leaves and berries Or.".
Note that the coat of arms of the district of the same name differs.
- Karl Deichgräber (1903–1984), classical philologist
- Rudolf Eucken (1846-1926), winner of the 1908 Nobel Prize for Literature
- Karl Heinrich Ulrichs (1825-1895), pioneer of the gay rights movement, writer
- Friedrich August Peter von Colomb (1775-1854), Prussian general
- Yitzhak Raveh (1906–1989), Israeli judge
- Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen, 102 Bevölkerung - Basis Zensus 2011, Stand 31. Dezember 2013 (Tabelle K1020014)
- The camp is listed as No. 51 Aurich, Kreis Aurich in the official German list.
- Official German list of concentration camps Verzeichnis der Konzentrationslager und ihrer Außenkommandos (German)