Auriol, Bouches-du-Rhône

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Auriol
Auriol maison legionnaire.JPG
Coat of arms of Auriol
Coat of arms
Auriol is located in France
Auriol
Auriol
Coordinates: 43°22′05″N 5°38′10″E / 43.3681°N 5.6361°E / 43.3681; 5.6361Coordinates: 43°22′05″N 5°38′10″E / 43.3681°N 5.6361°E / 43.3681; 5.6361
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Marseille
Canton Roquevaire
Intercommunality Pays d'Aubagne et de l'Etoile
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2020) Danièle Garcia-Jacquet
Area
 • Land1 44.64 km2 (17.24 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 11,764
 • Population2 density 260/km2 (680/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 13007 / 13390
Dialling codes 0491
Elevation 171–937 m (561–3,074 ft)
(avg. 380 m or 1,250 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Auriol (Occitan: Auriòu) is a French commune situated in the Huveaune valley close to Roquevaire in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Auriolais or Auriolaises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Auriol is located some 22 km east by north-east of Marseille and 10 km north by north-east of Aubagne. The eastern border of the commune is the departmental border between Bouches-du-Rhône and Var. Access to the commune is by the A52D autoroute which separates from the A52 autoroute at the western border of the commune and ends at the D560 road just east of the town. The D560 road branches from the D96 on the western border of the commune and passes east through the town and continues east to Saint-Zacharie. The D45A comes from La Bouilladisse in the north-west and passes through the commune south to join the D2 in the south of the commune. The D2 continues east to Plan-d'Aups-Sainte-Baume. Apart from the main town there are the urban areas of Le Pujol, Pont de Joux, Les Artauds, Le Maltrait, La Douronne, Moulin de Redon, Le Moulin de Redon, Le Plan de Moines, Les Helianthes, Le Braou, La Gardy, Basson, and Vede. The commune is urbanised through the centre with rugged terrain to the south and north.[2]

The Huveaune river flows through the centre of the urban area from east to west then continues south to join the ocean in the 8th arrondissement of Marseille. The Ruisseau de la Gestaude rises in the south of the commune and flows north to join the Huveaune.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

There are many caves (Infernet caves, burial caves) in the Vède valley and shelters in the tuffs of Pont-de-Joux (tombs, Neolithic hatchets, skulls).

The Ligures were absorbed by the Celts in the Celto-Ligurian period. There are many oppida such as the oppidum of Bau Redon and the oppidum of Bau Rouge.

The Phoenicians arrived from the 6th century BC (Trésor d'Auriol) and the Romans from the 2nd century BC. The Battle of Arc resulted in victory for Marius over the Teutons at Campus Putridi. Marseille was taken by Julius Caesar in 49 BC.

There is an early Christian site at Saint-Pierre d'Auriol (early christian altar with 12 doves, a church crypt, relics of Saint-Victor, the Cassian cult, Marie-Madeleine).

Isnard de Mauconseil (?-1395), squire and native of Aix, was co-lord of Auriol in 1378 with Squire Mison.

The death of Queen Joanna I of Naples created a crisis of succession for the County of Provence. The cities of the Union of Aix (1382-1387) supported Charles de Duras against Louis I of Anjou. The Auriol community initially supported Charles but were overrun by the troops of Louis early in the war (before 1385).[3]

Auriol was ravaged by the plague of 1576-1584. The Castle was devastated by the Duke of Epernon in 1593. The Coat of arms of the village date back to 1697.

In July 1981 the commune was the scene of an infamous massacre involving the Service d'Action Civique (SAC) in which police inspector Jacques Massié and his entire family were massacred.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Auriol
Blazon:

Vert, a loriot bird of Or winged in Sable with tail half Sable and Or perched on a branch of Argent posed in bend leafed with two leafs of Vert hanging at dexter, joined at nombril point to a branch Argent couped in fesse.



Former Arms of Auriol
The description of the former arms was:

Or, a loriot bird of Vert perched on a branch posed in bend the same.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
1846 François Mathurin Baux
1900 1908 N Honoré Plumier
1908 1924 Jean Baptiste Robert
1924 1928 Honoré Plumier
1928 1944 Jean Baptiste Robert
1944 1953 Marius Pascau
1953 1965 Adolphe Bonnet
1965 1970 Paul Feraud
1970 2001 Lucienne Martin
2001 2020 Danièle Garcia

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 11,764 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
3,672 3,627 3,930 4,857 5,320 5,319 5,105 5,132 5,223
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
5,107 5,047 5,182 4,804 4,692 2,942 2,753 2,685 2,640
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
2,650 2,739 2,701 2,731 2,827 2,823 2,807 2,809 2,657
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
2,741 3,000 3,278 5,222 6,788 9,458 11,442 11,764 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Auriol

Economy[edit]

The economy of the commune is based on Viticulture, Olive Oil, and shopping (the Pujol Commercial Centre).

Culture and Heritage[edit]

The Wine-growing Cooperative building at Place Charles-Adrien (1924)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[5]

The War Memorial is registered on the Ministry of Culture Memoire database[6]

The Church of Saint-Pierre contains one item that is registered as an historical object:

  • A Painting: Adoration of Shepherds (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[7]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Bouches-du-Rhône (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Geneviève Xhayet, Partisans and adversaries of Louis of Anjou during the war with the Union of Aix, Provence historique, Fédération historique de Provence, volume 40, No. 162, "Author of the War of the Union of Aix", 1990, p. 416. (French)
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13001068 Wine-growing Cooperative (French)
  6. ^ War Memorial on the Ministry of Culture Mistral database (French)Camera aabb.svg
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13001964 Painting: Adoration of Shepherds (French)