Aurizon

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Aurizon Holdings Limited
Type Public
Traded as ASXAZJ
Industry Rail transport
Founded 2004 (as QR National)
Headquarters Brisbane, Australia
Number of locations 59
Area served Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia
Key people Lance Hockridge (CEO)
Products Coal, bulk and containerised freight
Services Logistics, supply chain management, line haul and terminal operations
Employees 7,969 (June 2013)
Divisions Network, Coal, Iron Ore & Freight
Subsidiaries Australian Railroad Group, CRT Group, Interail
Website www.aurizon.com.au

Aurizon is a publicly listed rail freight company in Australia. Formerly owned by the Government of Queensland, its assets were transferred to a new company QR National Limited in July 2010 in preparation for it being floated on the Australian Securities Exchange in November 2010. Aurizon is Australia's largest rail freight company.[citation needed]

QR National was established in the 2004/05 financial year when Queensland Rail's coal, bulk and containerised business units were brought under one banner. It was formed with the charter to operate freight services in Queensland and around Australia, expanding though the winning of contracts and the acquisition of other companies. QR National was rebranded as Aurizon in December 2012.

Each day the company moves on average more than 700,000 tonnes of coal, iron ore and other minerals as well as agricultural products and general freight across the national.[citation needed] With operations across five states, Aurizon manages the 2,670 kilometre Central Queensland coal network that links mines to coal ports at Bowen, Gladstone and Mackay and is the largest haulier of iron ore outside the Pilbara.[citation needed]

History[edit]

QR National logo (2004-2010)

The QR National brand was established in the 2004/05 financial year when Queensland Rail's coal, bulk and containerised business units were brought under one banner.

It also incorporated subsidiaries Interail, which had been acquired in March 2002 and operated services in New South Wales,[1][2] and logistics company CRT Group, for which QR National already provided line haulage and purchased outright in June 2005.[3][4]

In June 2006 QR National acquired Australian Railroad Group (ARG) which had operations in New South Wales, South Australia and Western Australia.[5][6][7] ARG remained a separate subsidiary operation until it was rebranded as QR National in July 2011.

In Queensland, the major traffic is coal, both for export and domestic power generation.[8] In 2005 QR National commenced running export coal services in the New South Wales Hunter Valley[9] and by November 2007 the QR National network covered the entire mainland (except the Northern Territory) with the operation of their first Melbourne to Perth intermodal container service.[10] In August 2008 QR National took over the operation of Melbourne - Horsham container service for Wimmera Container Line, after Pacific National withdrew its service.[11]

Following a vote by its shareholders, QR National was rebranded as Aurizon in December 2012.[12][13]

Public float[edit]

QR National logo (2010-2012)

In June 2009 the Queensland Government announced the Renewing Queensland Plan, with Queensland Rail's commercial activities to be separated from the Government's core passenger service responsibilities, formed into a new company named QR National Limited and privatised.[14][15][16] The company was split into two from July 2010 with QR National taking the coal business in Queensland and New South Wales, regional freight business in Queensland, bulk mineral and grain haulage in Queensland and Western Australia, and containerised freight between Cairns, Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide and Perth.[17]

QR National received a 99 year lease over the 2,300 km Queensland coal network:[18]

It is responsible for the maintenance of these lines.

The rollingstock workshops at Redbank, Rockhampton and Townsville were also included.[19]

QR National was floated in November 2010.[20] From July 2011 all subsidiary operations were rebranded as QR National.[21][22]

Current fleet[edit]

Class Image Type Top speed
(km/h)
Built Number Business unit Use and area of operation Notes
Standard gauge fleet
G QRN MA6 freight at Moorabool.jpg Diesel-electric 115 1984 2 Aurizon Interstate intermodal Ex CRT Group
X Diesel-electric 115 1976 2 Aurizon Interstate intermodal Ex CRT Group
LDP LDP001-LDP007-Dynon.jpg Diesel-electric 115 2009 9 Aurizon Interstate intermodal Leased from Downer EDI Rail
LDP001-003 in Downer EDI Rail livery
LDP004-009 in QR National livery
5000 Diesel-electric 80 2005-2007 12 Aurizon Hunter Valley coal
5020 Diesel-electric 80 2010 19 Aurizon Hunter Valley coal Heavy haul variant of 5000 class
6000 QRNational 6000 class number 2 end.jpg Diesel-electric 115 2009 6 Aurizon Hunter Valley coal, interstate intermodal Originally 12 units, 6 converted to ACA class
6020 Diesel-electric 115 2012 9 Aurizon Interstate intermodal
421 42107Somerton.jpg Diesel-electric 115 1965-1966 5 Aurizon Intermodal freight, grain Ex Interail, 4 stored
422 Nsw-asr-2208-newport.jpg Diesel-electric 115 1969-1970 13 Aurizon
Aurizon Bulk Freight East
Aurizon Bulk Freight West
Intermodal freight. 11 ex Australian Railroad Group, 2 ex Interail, some numbered as the 22 class or DC class, 4 stored
423 Diesel-electric 100 2002 6 Aurizon Intermodal freight, Hunter Valley coal, grain Rebuilt from Queensland Railways 1502 class
CLF Arg-intermodal-lara-australia.jpg Diesel-electric 115 1970 5 Aurizon Interstate intermodal Ex Australian Railroad Group, 3 stored
CLP Diesel-electric 115 1970 5 Aurizon Interstate intermodal Ex Australian Railroad Group, 4 stored
AC ARG AC4305 North Dynon.jpg Diesel-electric 115 2009 8 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Ex Australian Railroad Group
ACA Diesel-electric 115 2010 6 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Converted from 6000 class
ACB Diesel-electric 115 2011 6 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Ex Australian Railroad Group
ACC Diesel-electric 115 2013 3 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Follow on from 6020 class
L L 266 Kalgoorlie, 7001.jpg Diesel-electric 115 1967 6 Aurizon Bulk Freight West
Aurizon Bulk Freight East
Western Australia, New South Wales Ex Australian Railroad Group, 1 stored
LQ ARG LQ 3121 diesel locomotive at Thornlie.jpg Diesel-electric 115 1967 2 Aurizon Bulk Freight West
Aurizon Bulk Freight East
Western Australia, New South Wales 1 Ex Australian Railroad Group, 1 ex Interail
LZ LZ 3105 Forrestfield, 2007.jpg Diesel-electric 115 1967 10 Aurizon Bulk Freight West
Aurizon Bulk Freight East
Western Australia, New South Wales Ex Australian Railroad Group
Q Australian Railroad Group Q4018 Ore.JPG Diesel-electric 115 1997 19 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Ex Australian Railroad Group
2800 QRNational-2800-class-diesel.jpg Diesel-electric 100 1995-1998 3 Aurizon Intermodal Regauged from 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge
Queensland 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) fleet
1720 QR loco 1738 hauls a short livestock train south along the Denison St section of the NCL. This line has since been reduced to single track.jpg Diesel-electric 80 1966-1970 28 Aurizon General freight and shunting 16 other units sold to South Africa in 2012, 8 stored
2100 Diesel-electric 80 1970-1984 53 Aurizon General freight and minerals 5 other units transferred to Western Australia as the DD class (see below), 4 other units sold to TasRail in 2011, 3 to South Africa in 2012, 2 stored for parts
2250 Diesel-electric 100 2004-2005 25 Aurizon General freight and minerals Rebuilt from 2100 class and 1550 class, 4 stored
2300 2303 - Redbank - 2000.jpeg Diesel-electric 100 1997 53 Aurizon General freight and minerals, 7 other units in Western Australia as DFZ class (see below) Rebuilt from 1550 class
2400 Diesel-electric 100 1977-1980 38 Aurizon General freight and minerals 1 stored
2800 QRNational-2800-class-diesel.jpg Diesel-electric 100 1995-1998 46 Aurizon General freight and minerals 3 other units on standard gauge (see above), 1 other unit in Western Australia as PA class (see below)
4000 Diesel-electric 100 2000-2005 49 Aurizon Coal Blackwater and Moura coal networks
4100 QRNATIONAL 4140.JPG Diesel-electric 100 2007-2012 56 Aurizon Coal Blackwater, Moura and Newlands coal networks Originally 75 units, 19 units transferred to Western Australia as ACN class
3100/3200 QR electric locos 3102 & 3255 on the Goonyella line ~1991.jpg Electric 80 1986-1989 15 Aurizon Coal Bowen Basin 3 other units sold to South Africa in 2012, Remaining units stored
3300/3400 Electric 80 1994-1995 13 Aurizon Coal Blackwater coal network Stored
3500/3600 QR 3524.jpg Electric 80 1986-1988 68 Aurizon Coal Blackwater coal network 15 stored
3551 Electric 80 2003-2004 14 Aurizon Coal Blackwater coal network Rebuilt from 3900 class
3700 QR 3701.jpg Electric 80 2005-2007 63 Aurizon Coal Goonyella and Blackwater coal networks Rebuilt from 3100/3200 class
3800 QR 3811.jpg Electric 80 2008-2010 45 Aurizon Coal Goonyella and Blackwater coal networks
3900 Dia 0385.jpg Electric 100 1988-90 11 Aurizon Coal Blackwater coal network Stored
Western Australia 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) fleet
A Diesel-electric 100 1960 2 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Ex Australian Railroad Group, 1 stored
AB Diesel-electric 100 1970 4 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Ex Australian Railroad Group
ACN Diesel-electric 100 2011-2012 19 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Originally part of 4100 class, transferred to Western Australia and retained their original numbers
D D 1562 Kwinana, 2004.jpg Diesel-electric 100 1971 2 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Ex Australian Railroad Group, 1 stored
DA Diesel-electric 100 1971 3 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Ex Australian Railroad Group
DAZ Diesel-electric 100 1971 3 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Ex Australian Railroad Group
DB Diesel-electric 100 1982 5 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Ex Australian Railroad Group
DBZ DBZ2312 P2512 Broomehill, 2011.jpg Diesel-electric 100 1982 5 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Ex Australian Railroad Group
DD Diesel-electric 100 1970-1984 5 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Converted from 2100 class
DFZ Diesel-electric 100 1971 7 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Converted from 2300 class
P P 2509 P 2513, Katanning, 2007.jpg Diesel-electric 100 1989-1991 13 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Ex Australian Railroad Group
PA QRNational-2800-class-diesel.jpg Diesel-electric 100 1996 1 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Converted from 2800 class
S Diesel-electric 90 1996 11 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Ex Australian Railroad Group
830 Diesel-electric 115 1963 1 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Ex Australian Railroad Group
1600 1605 1602 forrestfield 090705.jpg Diesel-electric 80 1971 2 Aurizon Bulk Freight West Western Australia Ex Australian Railroad Group

Former fleet[edit]

Class Image Type Gauge Top speed
(km/h)
Built Number Business unit Use and area of operation Notes
500 Diesel-electric Standard 80 1964 1 Aurizon Shunting, South Australia Ex Australian Railroad Group, donated to Steamranger in October 2010
2600 Diesel-electric 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) 100 1983 13 Aurizon Queensland coal and minerals Entire class sold to South Africa in 2012

Queensland coal networks[edit]

Blackwater[edit]

The Blackwater coal network is situated in Central Queensland.[23] This networks runs from the dual ports of Clinton Coal (Gladstone Port Authority operated) and Barney Point (BMA operated) to the mines in the southern section of the Bowen Basin coal area. This rail network transports coal from Gregory coal mine, Oaky Creek Mine, German Creek coal mine, Jellinbah Mine, Lake Vermont Mine, Yarrabee Mine, Curragh coal mine, Boorgoon Mine, Kinrola Mine, Rolleston coal mine, Cook Colliery, Ensham Mine, Kestrel coal mine and Minerva Mines. Both the Blackwater and Goonyella coal networks are linked at Gregory Mine. At different times during the year coal may be transported from one network to the other depending on coal demand, coal blending requirements or due to network disruptions.

In 1985 the network was electrified with a 25Kv overhead traction system. The network has been extended on several occasions as more mines come online. Two recent new mines have not been electrified. These are Rollestone and Minerva Mines. The cost involved for the electrification of these two mines was considered too high as they are a considerable distance to join onto the current electrified network.

There is both export and domestic customers served by this network. Domestic customers include Stanwell and Gladstone power stations. There are two rail operations in the network, QR National being the biggest operator and Pacific National being a newcomer to the network.

Goonyella[edit]

The Goonyella coal network is situated in Central Queensland.[24] Running from the dual ports of Hay Point (BMA operated) and Dalrymple Bay (BBI operated) to the mines in the northern section of the Bowen Basin coal area. This rail network transports coal from Gregory Mine, Oaky Creek coal mine, German Creek coal mine, Foxleigh coal mine, Norwich Park coal mine, Lake Vermont Mine, Saraji coal mine, Peak Downs Mine, Millennium Mine, Poitrel Mine, Moorvale Mine, Burton Downs Mine, Carborough Downs Mine, Issac Plains Mine, Moranbah North Mine, Goonyella Riverside Mine, Hail Creek coal mine, Clermont Mine, Riverside Mine, North Goonyella Mine, South Walker Creek coal mine, and Blair Athol Mine. Both the Goonyella and Blackwater coal networks are linked at Gregory Mine. At different times during the year coal may be transported from one network to the other depending on coal demand, coal blending requirements or due to network disruptions.

In 1985 the network was electrified with a 25kV overhead traction system. The network has been extended on several occasions as more mines come online. With each extension the electrified network has also been extended to accommodate the new mines. This line serves Anglo American Metallurgical Coal, BHP Billiton Mitsubitshi Alliance (BMA) Jellinbah Resources, Peabody Energy Australia, Rio Tinto Coal Australia, Vale Australia, Bowen Central Coal, Xstrata Coal Queensland, McCarthur Coal.

There are two rail operations in the network, QR National being the biggest operator and Pacific National being a newcomer to the network. Xstrata has bought a number of locomotives and assures a part of its coal freight independently.

There is actually a project for the "Norther Missing Line" GAP (Goonyella to Abbot Point) railway who's objective is to link the Goonyella line to the Abbot Point Coal Terminal. With growing orders form Asian countries (mostly China & India who have huge energetic needs), the GAP is a vital project as Abbot Point has the advantage of being 2–3 days closer to Asia than other ports, reducing tonnage price. There has been no press release regarding the electrification of this line.

Moura[edit]

The Moura coal network is situated in Central Queensland.[25] This networks runs from the dual ports of Clinton Coal (Gladstone Port Authority operated) and Barney Point (BMA operated) to the mines in the southern section of the Bowen Basin coal area. This rail network transports coal from Moura Mine and Boundary Hill Mine.

Newlands[edit]

The Newlands coal network is situated in Central Queensland.[26] This networks runs from the Abbott Point to the mines in the northern section of the Bowen Basin coal area. This rail network transports coal from Newlands Mine, Sonoma Mine and Collinsville Mine.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "QR moves into NSW with Northern Rivers Railroad buy" Rail Express 12 March 2002
  2. ^ "QR National push" WorldCargo News March 2002
  3. ^ "Queensland Rail sorts logistics for acquisition" The Age 25 June 2005
  4. ^ Peter Attenborough (February 2006). "Colin Rees Transport". Australian Model Railway Magazine 22 (256): page 36. 
  5. ^ "Qld Rail 'goes national' with freight expansion". ABC News. 14 February 2006. 
  6. ^ "Qld Rail buys into freight market" The Age 14 February 2006
  7. ^ Annual Report QR Limited 30 June 2007
  8. ^ Coal QR National
  9. ^ Hunter Valley Coal System QR National October 2011
  10. ^ "QR completes another phase in its national strategy with coast-to-coast rail freight services". QR National - News articles. 12 October 2007. Retrieved 3 March 2008. 
  11. ^ "Rail to roll on". Wimmera Mail Times. yourguide.com.au. 28 July 2008. Retrieved 30 July 2008. 
  12. ^ QR National - Results of AGM Aurizon 21 November 2012
  13. ^ QR National Limited - Change of name to Aurizon Holdings Limited and adoption of replacement Constitution Aurizon 3 December 2012
  14. ^ Premier announces QR privatisation plan Railway Gazette International 4 June 2009
  15. ^ Marissa Calligeros (2 June 2009). "Queensland asset sales to reap $15 billion". www.brisbanetimes.com.au. Retrieved 20 June 2010. 
  16. ^ "Queensland assets sale". www.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 20 June 2010. [dead link]
  17. ^ A Milestone Event in the History of QR QR National 1 July 2010
  18. ^ Network systems QR National
  19. ^ Queensland Treasury (2010). "Queensland Rail: scoping study outcomes". www.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 20 June 2010. [dead link]
  20. ^ QR National makes sharemarket debut QR National 22 November 2010
  21. ^ QR National Australian Railroad Group 1 July 2011
  22. ^ Important Announcement - CRT Group CRT Group 1 July 2011
  23. ^ Blackwater Coal System QR National October 2011
  24. ^ Goonyella Coal System QR National October 2011
  25. ^ Moura Coal System QR National October 2011
  26. ^ Newlands Coal System QR National October 2011