Aurora (province)

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Aurora
Province
Aurora Provincial Capitol
Aurora Provincial Capitol
Flag of Aurora
Flag
Official seal of Aurora
Seal
Nickname(s): Land of the Golden Sunrise; Gateway to the Pacific
Motto: Bagong Sigla, Bagong Pag-asa
Map of the Philippines with Aurora highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Aurora highlighted
Coordinates: 15°53′N 121°33′E / 15.883°N 121.550°E / 15.883; 121.550Coordinates: 15°53′N 121°33′E / 15.883°N 121.550°E / 15.883; 121.550
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Founded 1951 (sub-province of Quezon)
Province August 13, 1979
Capital Baler
Government
 • Type Province of the Philippines
 • Governor Gerardo A. Noveras (NPC)
 • Vice-Governor Rommel Rico T. Angara (LDP)
Area[1]
 • Total 3,147.32 km2 (1,215.19 sq mi)
Area rank 45th out of 80
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 201,233
 • Rank 70th out of 80
 • Density 64/km2 (170/sq mi)
 • Density rank 76th out of 80
Divisions
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities 0
 • Municipalities 8
 • Barangays 151
 • Districts Lone district of Aurora
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups Tagalog (53%), Ilocano (31%), Kapampangan, Kasigurahin, Kankana-ey (16%)
 • Languages Tagalog, Ilocano, Kapampangan, Pangasinan, English
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3200 to 3207
Dialing code 42
ISO 3166 code PH-AUR
Website www.aurora.gov.ph

Aurora is a province of the Philippines located in the eastern part of Central Luzon region, facing the Philippine Sea. Its capital is Baler and borders, clockwise from the south, the provinces of Quezon, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino, and Isabela.

Before 1979, Aurora was part of the province of Quezon. Aurora was, in fact, named after Aurora Aragon, the wife of Pres. Manuel L. Quezon, the president of the Philippine Commonwealth, after whom the mother province was named.

Geography[edit]

Political map of Aurora

Physical[edit]

Aurora is a coastal province in east-central Luzon. To the north, it is bordered by the Northern Sierra Madre Natural Park of Isabela, to the west by the central range of the Sierra Madre which contains the Casecnan Protected Landscape and Aurora Memorial National Park, to the south by the Umiray River, and to the east by the Philippine Sea which opens to the Pacific Ocean. The San Ildefonso Peninsula lies in the province's northern portion between the Philippine Sea and Casiguran Sound.

Political[edit]

Aurora is subdivided into 8 municipalities.

Municipalities:

History[edit]

In 1572, the Spanish explorer Juan de Salcedo became the first European to visit the region that would be known as Aurora while he was exploring the northern coast of Luzon. Salcedo reportedly visited the towns of Casiguran, Baler and Infanta.

In the early days of the Spanish colonial period, Aurora was ecclesiastically linked to Infanta, which today rests further south, in northern Quezon. The earliest missionaries in the province were the Franciscans, who had established missions in Baler and Casiguran in 1609. Due to lack of available personnel, the region was given to the jurisdiction of the Agustinians and Recollects in 1658, but was returned to the Friars Minor in 1703. Other early missions included Dipaculao, established in 1719, and Casiguran, in 1753.

The early history of Aurora is linked to Quezon Province, of which it formed a part until its establishment as a province, and Nueva Ecija, under which the area was governed as the District of El Príncipe.[3]

Aurora became a sub-province of Quezon in 1951, and finally attained provincehood during the presidency of Ferdinand E. Marcos, by virtue of Batas Pambansa Blg. 7[4] enacted on August 13, 1979.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Aurora
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 139,573 —    
1995 159,621 +2.55%
2000 173,797 +1.84%
2007 187,802 +1.07%
2010 201,233 +2.55%
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

Based on the 2000 census survey, more than half of the population is Tagalog 52.85% and about less than 1/3 of the population is Ilocano 31.43%. Other ethnic groups like Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Kasiguranin and Kankana-ey compromised about 16% of the population.[5]

The majority of the people of Aurora province are lowland Christians, particularly Tagalog in municipalities south of Baler, the capital, Ilocano in municipalities north of Baler, some Pangasinan in Maria Aurora, west of Baler and some Kapampangan in the capital.

There are also pockets of Negritos, called Dumagats. Most Dumagats are living in the hillsides or mountains. They are believed to have result from a fusion of Austronesian and Melanesian ancestries, and survive from fishing and hunting. There are three kinds of Dumagats in Aurora province, the Umiray Dumagat, Casiguran Dumagat, and the Palanan Dumagat. All three subgroupings have the Bible translated into their languages.

Economy[edit]

Corn crops, rice and other major agricultural crops are grown in Aurora.

Aurora Pacific Economic Zone[edit]

Casiguran is home to the Aurora Pacific Economic Zone and Freeport Authority or APECO a special economic zone located in this coastal town. Created in 2007 by virtue of Republic Act No. 9490 through the efforts of Sen. Edgardo Angara and Rep. Juan Edgardo Angara, it is expected be a major transshipment hub going to the pacific region. It aims to boost social, economic and industrial developments in Aurora and nearby provinces by generating jobs for the people, improving the quality of their living conditions, advocating an eco-friendly approach to industrialization and enhancing the potential of the community in productivity.

Image gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  3. ^ National Historical Commission of the Philippines. "History of Baler". National Historical Commission of the Philippines. Retrieved 2012-03-09. When military district of El Príncipe was created in 1856, Baler became its capital...On June 12, 1902 a civil government was established, moving the district of El Príncipe away from the administrative jurisdiction of Nueva Ecija...and placing it under the jurisdiction of Tayabas Province. 
  4. ^ Batas Pambansa Blg. 7
  5. ^ "AURORA: HOUSING UNIT OCCUPANCY RATE ALMOST 100 PERCENT". Census.gov.ph. Retrieved 2010-08-24. 

External links[edit]