|Former municipality of Switzerland|
|Population||46 (December 2007)|
|- Density||1 /km2 (4 /sq mi)|
|Area||31.51 km2 (12.17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,316 m (4,318 ft)|
Ausserferrera (Romansh: Farera) is a village in the district of Hinterrhein in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. An independent municipality before, it merged on January 1, 2008 with neighboring Innerferrera to form the municipality of Ferrera.
Ausserferrera is first mentioned in the middle 12th Century as Farreira. In 1837 it separated from Innerferrera to become an independent municipality.
Ausserferrera has an area, as of 2006[update], of 31.5 km2 (12.2 sq mi). Of this area, 29.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 20.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (49.7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
The municipality is located in the Schams sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district. It is located on the Averser branch of the Rhein. It consists of the haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) of Ausserferrera. In 2008 Ausserferrera merged with Innerferrera to form Ferrera.
Ausserferrera has a population (as of 2007[update]) of 46, all Swiss. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -24.6%.
As of 2000[update], the gender distribution of the population was 54.3% male and 45.7% female. The age distribution, as of 2000[update], in Ausserferrera is; 6 people or 12.8% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. No one is 10 to 19. Of the adult population, 4 people or 8.5% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 5 people or 10.6% are 30 to 39, 2 people or 4.3% are 40 to 49, and 8 people or 17.0% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 6 people or 12.8% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 10 people or 21.3% are 70 to 79, there are 3 people or 6.4% who are 80 to 89, and there are 3 people or 6.4% who are 90 to 99.
The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Ausserferrera about 80% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).
Ausserferrera has an unemployment rate of 0%. As of 2005[update], there were 2 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 1 business involved in this sector. people are employed in the secondary sector and there are businesses in this sector. 9 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 3 businesses in this sector.
The historical population is given in the following table:
Until 1950, the village was almost completely Romansh-speaking, but today it is almost completely German-speaking. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (93.6%), with French being second most common ( 2.1%) and Italian being third ( 2.1%).
|Languages in Ausserferrera|
|Languages||Census of 1980||Census of 1990||Census of 2000|
- Ausserferrera in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 06-Oct-2009
- Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
- Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
- Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ausserferrera.|
- Jürg Simonett: Ausserferrera in Romansh, German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland, 2005-02-11.
- Media related to Ausserferrera at Wikimedia Commons