|Manufacturer||Auster Aircraft Limited|
|Developed from||Taylorcraft Auster 5|
|Variants||Auster J/1B Aiglet
As the end of the Second World War approached the designers at Taylorcraft decided to develop a tourer version of the robust and reliable Taylorcraft Auster Model J AOP.V observation aircraft series. An Auster 5, registered G-AGOH, was modified to take a 100 hp (75 kW) Blackburn Cirrus II engine for trials. At the same time a prototype aircraft was built designated the Taylorcraft Auster V Series J/1 Autocrat. The long name was not used as the company changed name to Auster Aircraft Limited and the aircraft became known as the Auster J/1 Autocrat.
Production and operation
The first production aircraft, registered G-AGTO, was delivered in December 1945. One of the more spectacular feats of the type was the first visit of a civilian aircraft to an aircraft carrier, HMS Illustrious in the English Channel in October 1946. The last Rearsby built J/1s were delivered in 1952.
The Autocrat became one of the most successful post-war British light aircraft with more than 400 built. A small number of variants were built and the aircraft became the basis for a family of light aircraft. The Autocrat was used by individual pilots, aero clubs and by small charter firms for passenger flights and photography.
Many J/1s were converted to J/1N Alpha standard with a higher fin and fitted with a 130 h.p. Gipsy Major engine, as used in the J/1B Aiglet. 45 new build J/1N Alphas were completed in 1956/57, mainly for export to Australia.
Numbers of Autocrats and Alphas continue to fly (2009) with private owners in the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and elsewhere.
- Auster J/1 Autocrat
- production version with Blackburn Cirrus Major engine. Several later fitted with engines up to the 150 h.p. Lycoming O-320-A1A.
- Auster J/1A Autocrat
- additional (fourth-seat) for joyriding.
- Auster J/1N Alpha
- powered by a de Havilland Gipsy Major I engine and with enlarged tail surfaces.
- Auster J/1S Autocrat
- powered by a 145 h.p. de Havilland Gipsy Major 10 Mk 2-2 engine.
- Kingsford Smith Kingsmith
- An Auster J/1 conversion in Australia by Kingsford Smith Aviation Services, fitted with a 150hp (112kW) Avco Lycoming O-320 engine and other improvement (including better seating and sound-proofing).
- Rhodesian Air Force - one aircraft only
- Southern Rhodesian Air Force - one aircraft only
Royal Pakistan Airforce
- Crew: 3
- Length: 23 ft 5 in (7.1 m)
- Wingspan: 36 ft 0 in (10.97 m)
- Height: 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m)
- Wing area: 185 ft² (17.19 m²)
- Empty weight: 1,052 lb (478 kg)
- Max. takeoff weight: 1,850 lb (841 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Blackburn Cirrus Minor 2 piston engine, 100 hp (76 kw)
(Source : Jackson, 1974, P. 67)
- Related development
- Jackson, 1974, p. 63
- Hitchman, 1989, p. 53
- Ellison, 1966, p. 72
- Jackson, 1974, p. 67
- Ellison, N.H. (1966). Auster Aircraft - Aircraft Production List. Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd. ASIN B0041OQAEG.
- Hitchman, Ambrose (1989). The History of the Auster Aeroplane. International Auster Pilot Club. ASIN B0019BV2YM.
- The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing.
- Jackson, A.J. (1974). British Civil Aircraft since 1919 Volume 1. London: Putnam. ISBN 0-370-10006-9.
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