For the seafood company see Austevoll Seafood
Austevoll within Hordaland
|• Mayor (2007)||Helge André Njåstad (Frp)|
|• Total||117 km2 (45 sq mi)|
|• Land||114 km2 (44 sq mi)|
|Area rank||376 in Norway|
|• Rank||215 in Norway|
|• Density||39/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||6.6 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1244|
|Official language form||Nynorsk|
The municipality consists of several islands, located south-west of Bergen. The municipality is considered to be among the ports in the world with the largest ocean-going fish trawler fleet. Since the 1980s the offshore oil industry and fish farming have grown to be important industries in Austevoll.
- 1 General information
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Gallery
- 5 Industry
- 6 Education
- 7 Communication
- 8 Politics
- 9 Notable people
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The municipality is named after the Austevoll farm (Old Norse Austrvǫllr), since this was the old church site. The first element is austr which means "east" and the last element is vǫllr m which means "meadow".
The municipality has changed the spelling of its name three times. Before 1889 the name was written "Østevold" or "Østervold". From 1889-1917, it was spelled "Austevold", and since 1918 it has been spelled "Austevoll".
Austevoll consists of 667 islands off the west coast of West Norway. The municipality has a total land area of 114,0 km² and a costal line of 337 km. The tallest point in Austevoll is the mountain Loddo, 244 meters above sea level.
The municipality borders on Sund, Bergen, and Os municipalities to the north and northeast, Tysnes municipality to the east, and Fitjar and Bømlo municipalities to the south. The North Sea lies to the west of Austevoll.
|Source: Statistics Norway.|
Of the 667 islands, only eight are populated year-round. 29 percent of the inhabitants live in densely populated areas. 28 percent of the inhabitants are under the age of 17, which is 4.4 percent over the national average. 4.7 percent of the inhabitants are 80 years or older.
|Rank||Village||Village Population (2005)||District Population (2001)|
|Rank||Island||Area (km²)||Population ||Density (/km²)||Largest settlement||Highest point||Elevation (m)|
Fishing is the most important industry in Austevoll, and has been for centuries. Traditionally fishing has taken place in coastal near areas. After decades of overfishing, the herring, which was the most important fish, disappeared in the 1950s. This forced a restructuring of the fishing fleet. From the 1960s the shipping companies built bigger ships, and went further out seas, fishing other fish species. The overfishing of herring also forced better research on fishing, resulting in the Norwegian Institute of Marine Research. Austevoll is the home of the Austevoll Aquaculture Research Station.
Since the early 1980s the offshore supply industry has emerged in the wake of the offshore Norwegian oil industry. The offshore shipping company DOF, which is listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange, has its headquarters at Storebø.
There are five primary schools and one middle school in Austevoll, all municipal. There is also one secondary school, teaching mainly fishing and nautical subjects. This is operated by the county authority.
Austevoll has car ferry communications from Hufthammar on the north tip of Huftarøy to Krokeide, Bergen, and Husavik, south on Huftarøy, to Sandvikvåg in Fitjar. The municipality is also connected by express boats to Bergen in north, and Stord, Haugesund and Stavanger in the south. All ferry and boat routes are operated by Fosen Namsos.
The islands of Huftarøy and Selbjørn, Selbjørn and Stolmen, and Hundvåkøy and Storekalsøy are connected with bridges. A fourth bridge, connecting Huftarøy and Hundvåkøy, was opened on 17 November 2007. This bridge, which in fact consists of two bridges and two stone fillings, bears the name "Austevollsbrua".
The lighthouse on Marstein is also in the municipality.
Austevoll is governed by the municipal council, consisting of 21 seats, elected every fourth year. Since the 2011 election a coalition of the Progress Party and Center Party has held power in the council, the latter two terms the coalition also consisted of the Christian Democratic Party who broke out after the 2011 local election. In 2011 the coalition won 12 of the 21 seats in the municipal council and has an electoral and political cooperation. The Conservative Party, Labour Party and Christian Democratic Party make up the opposition.
The council has the following composition:
- Progress Party (10 seats)
- Conservative Party (6 seats)
- Labour Party (2 seats)
- Center Party (2 seats)
- Christian Democratic Party (1 seats)
In the 2003-2007 election period The Liberal Party was represented in the municipal council and held one seat. In the 1999-2003 election period an all-party female electoral list held one seat in the council. From 1995 to 1999 the Socialist Left Party held one seat.
Executive committee of local council
The executive committee of local council has 9 seats, divided between all parties in the municipal council. Divided like this:
- The Progress Party (4 seats)
- The Conservative Party (2 seats)
- Labour Party (1 seat)
- Center Party (1 seat)
- Christian Democratic Party (1 seat)
||Ole Olsen Strømme||1886–1901||Church bell ringer|
||Peder Olai Kleppe||1902–1919||Fisherman|
||Mikkel Nilsen Birkeland||1926–1935||Farmer|
||Magnus Larssen||1935–1937||School teacher|
||Salomon O. Fagerbakke||1938–1945||Fisherman|
||Salomon V. Kalvenes||1946–1959||Fisherman|
||Rikard S. Storebø||1960–1969||Liberal Party||Social security manager|
||Peder Kalve||1970–1975||Conservative Party||Maritime pilot|
||Magnus Stangeland||1976–1981||Centre Party||School principal|
||Knut K. Kalvenes||1982–1985||Conservative Party||Retailer|
||Hallvard Møgster||1986–1989||Christian Democratic Party||Captain|
||Inge Bjarne Storebø||1990–2001||Conservative Party||Bank manager|
||Olav P. Årland||2001–2003||Christian Democratic Party||Shipmaster|
||Helge André Njåstad||2003-||Progress Party||Student|
- Halvor Olai Birkeland, gold medalist in 1920 Summer Olympics.
- Rasmus Ingvald Birkeland, gold medalist in 1920 Summer Olympics.
- Knut Fagerbakke, Deputy Mayor of Trondheim.
- Claus Lundekvam, professional footballer.
- Abelone Møgster, merchant and resistance fighter during World War II.
- Halvor O. Larsen Møgster, gold medalist in 1920 Summer Olympics.
- Magnus Stangeland, member of parliament, mayor and entrepreneur.
- Henrik Olsen Østervold, gold medalist in 1920 Summer Olympics.
- Jan Bertin Østervold, known as Jan Thomas, stylist and actor.
- Jan Olsen Østervold, gold medalist in 1920 Summer Olympics.
- Kristian Olsen Østervold, gold medalist in 1920 Summer Olympics.
- Ole Olsen Østervold, gold medalist in 1920 Summer Olympics.
- "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 21 September 2008.
- Statistics Norway (2006). Tall om Austevoll kommune. (Norwegian)
- Projected population - Statistics Norway
- Per 1 January 1964, a part of 1222 Fitjar (696 persons) and 1244 Austevoll were merged to one municipality, 1244 Austvoll.
- Statistics Norway (1 January 2006). Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality.
- Statistics Norway. Folke- og bustadteljing 2001 (PDF). (Norwegian)
- Former mayors of Austevoll municipality (Norwegian)
- Fattigstyret i Møkster sokn (Norwegian)
- "Knut Kalvenes". Høyre. 2003. Retrieved 19 December 2007. (Norwegian)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Austevoll.|
- The dictionary definition of Austevoll at Wiktionary
- Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway
- Hordaland travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Austevoll travel guide from Wikivoyage