Austin 10 hp

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1913 Sirdar phaeton
canvas slack
Austin 10hp Sirdar 1913 2.2 (4351263694).jpg
For information on the 1932 Austin of a similar name see Austin 10.

The Austin 10 hp was produced between 1910 and 1915[1] by the British car manufacturer Austin Motor Company at their Longbridge, Worcestershire plant near Birmingham. 1,336 cars were made, 213 with the 1145 cc engine and 1,123 with the 1615 cc engine.[2] It was not a successful return to a very small car like the 1087 cc Austin 7 hp produced by both Austin and Du Cros's Swift Motor Company.

Originally launched with a small 4-cylinder 1145 cc engine, it was replaced in 1913 with a larger 14.32 horsepower 1615 cc engine.[3] This larger engined model is sometimes referred to as the Austin 10/12.

In 1913, the 10 hp was the cheapest model in the Austin range, costing £260 for a chassis with tyres.[4] The 10 hp (of 14.32-h.p.) was renamed 12-14  hp before midsummer 1915[5] but production was limited due to the war.

Ten horsepower[edit]

The high-speed type vertical straight four-cylinder engine has a bore and stroke of 63.5 mm x 88.9 mm ( 2½ in x 3½ in ) giving a capacity of 1126 cc and an RAC and fiscal rating of 10.0 horsepower.

Fourteen horsepower[edit]

The new car with the 42 per cent larger engine was described in the Daily Mail newspaper in October 1912. Throttle and ignition levers are mounted on the top of the steering wheel, a foot accelerator is also being fitted. The petrol tank is mounted on the dash.[3]

The high-speed type "T"-head vertical straight four-cylinder engine has a bore and stroke of 76 mm x 89 mm ( 3 in x 3½ in ) giving a capacity of 1615 cc and an RAC and fiscal rating of 14.32 horsepower. The cylinders are cast separately in spite of the general trend to monobloc engines. As before the engine is arranged to have interchangeable exhaust and inlet valves on opposing sides of the engine.[3] Engine output was quoted as 12.5 brake horsepower at 1,000 r.p.m. and fully 16 brake horsepower on acceleration to 1,500 r.p.m.[6]

There is a cooling fan for the honeycomb radiator and the engine incorporates a pump to ensure the flow of coolant. Lubrication is forced by pump to all the bearings. A float indicator show the depth of oil in the crank chamber. Ignition is by High Tension Bosch magneto and may be manually advanced or retarded. The carburettor is by Claudel.[3]

L to R: clutch, bottom of pedals, gearbox, pedal brake on drive-shaft

The thin steel-cone clutch engages with the Ferodo fitted flywheel. The Ferodo linings are in sections which may be replaced individually. The gearbox is suspended at four points. It is operated by a hand lever controlled by a gate and has four speeds forward and reverse.[3]

Drive is taken by propeller shaft with universal joints to a live axle, the actual drive being by bevel gearing. The detachable steel wheels are by Austin-Sankey.[3]

Brakes suspension steering[edit]

The usual foot (transmission) and hand (back wheels) brake levers are provided. The pressed steel frame is suspended by three-quarter elliptic springs at the rear and semi-elliptic in front. The steering gear incorporates a provision to take up wear.[3]

Road test[edit]

John Phillimore of the Daily Mail took out a car with a four-seater body complete with hood and screen - there was no attempt to reduce weight. The engine's running he said was very pleasing giving the impression of an engine of much larger dimensions. No vibration was felt up to about 37 or 38 miles per hour when a slight but by no means annoying vibration appeared. The engine was very flexible in traffic though the sensitive throttle lever must be worked smoothly. The car tested had the old-type clutch and three-speed gearbox. Brakes are powerful and smooth but the hand lever for the wheel brakes is outside. Steering was stiff at low speed. The back axle was quiet, the only noise when running was a slight hum when using the indirect speeds.[3]

The car's switch and oil gauge are mounted below the petrol tank on the dash where Phillimore considered they stood a good chance of getting severe kicks from passengers' feet. Prices were £240 or £250 for the chassis depending on wheelbase which may be 8 ft 3 in or 9 ft. The shorter body was priced at £55, the longer £65. Hood and screen were extra.[3]

Bodies[edit]

Tourer 1914, body by Peters
car 11165, engine 11294
The only brakes on the (rear) wheels are controlled by the lever visible behind the spare wheel

Sirdar[edit]

Austin's 10-h.p. four-seater phaeton was called Sirdar. It was supplied fitted with leather upholstery and horsehair cushions. A Cape hood was fitted and side curtains. There was a double folding glass screen with brass fittings, a spare wheel and tyre, Lucas paraffin side and tail lamps and Solar mirror lens acetylene headlamps with separate generator. A speedometer and mileage recorder, horn, tyre pump, lifting jack, kit of tools and accessories were all supplied.[6]

Sirdar phaeton 1912
canvas taut

Production[edit]

  • All numbers extracted from data in the publication by Ian Dimmer, The Edwardian Austin, the survivors, The Vintage Austin Register Limited, 2014
calendar year
total

production

1145 cc 1615 cc 3-speed

gearbox

4-speed

gearbox

1910
10
9
1
10
1911
153
153
153
1912
294
51
243
146
148
1913
495
495
495
1914
269
269
269
1915
115
115
1
114
1336
213
1123
310
1026

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Culshaw, Peter Horrobin, The Complete Catalogue of British Cars 1895-1975, Veloce Publishing, Dorchester UK, 1974 ISBN 9781874105930
  2. ^ Ian Dimmer, The Edwardian Austin, the survivors, The Vintage Austin Register Limited, 2014
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Motoring, John Phillimore. Daily Mail, Wednesday, October 23, 1912; Issue 5163
  4. ^ "Austin advertisement". The Autocar. 10 May 1913. 
  5. ^ Display advertisement, Austin. Illustrated London News, [Saturday], [June 12, 1915]; Issue 3973
  6. ^ a b S. A. Mining Journal, Johannesburg, Oct. 4, l9l3