Austin 16 hp

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Austin Sixteen
BS1
Big Wheels Car Show 4890240697.jpg
Sixteen 1948
Overview
Manufacturer Austin Motor Company Limited
Production 1945-1949
35,434 made
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
estate
Powertrain
Engine 2199 cc 4-cylinder overhead-valve
67 bhp[1]
Transmission 4-speed manual[2]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 104.5 in (2,654 mm)[1]
track 56 in (1,422 mm)
Length 171 in (4,343 mm))
Width 67 in (1,702 mm)
Kerb weight 27 cwt, 3,024 lb (1,372 kg)[2]
Chronology
Predecessor Austin Sixteen, Austin Eighteen
Successor Austin A70
Austin 2.2-litre ohv
BS1
Overview
Manufacturer Austin Motor Company Limited
Also called Used in Austin 25 cwt van
Austin London Taxicab and Hire Car
Austin Champ
Austin A70
Austin A90 Atlantic
Austin-Healey 100[2]
Combustion chamber
Displacement 2,199 cc (134 cu in)[2]
Cylinder bore 79.3 mm (3.12 in)[2]
Piston stroke 111 mm (4.4 in)[2]
Valvetrain OverHead-Valves[2]
Compression ratio 6.85:1[2]
Combustion
Fuel system Zenith 41 VI-8 downdraught carburettor[2]
Output
Power output 67 bhp (50 kW; 68 PS)
@3,800 rpm
tax horsepower 15.6[2]

The Austin Sixteen was the first 'new' car to be produced by the Austin Motor Company following the Second World War. Apart from the name, it shared nothing with the pre war Austin Sixteen.

Whilst it used a brand new 4-cylinder 2199 cc, overhead-valve engine—the first to be used in an Austin car, it in fact used the chassis and body of the pre-war Austin 12, which continued to be produced, alongside the other pre-war saloons the 8 hp and the 10 hp. The number Sixteen was not a true reflection of the power of the vehicle but the result of a calculation to determine the excise duty (road tax) payable for the vehicle. The engine in fact produced 67 bhp (50 kW) at 3800 rpm. The car shared a number of features with the famed London Taxi, one of which was the built-in hydraulic jacking system operated from a pump located under the bonnet.

The Sixteen had a healthy turn of speed for its day with a maximum quoted speed of 75 mph (121 km/h). In the bitterly cold winter of 1947 Alan Hess and a team of drivers with 3 Austin Sixteen vehicles undertook a publicity run on behalf of the Austin Motor Company to visit seven Northern European Capitals in seven days. Despite extraordinary travel difficulties caused by heavy snow, the vehicles completed the adventure successfully, and the story is related in Alan Hess's book, Gullible's Travels.

Steering was by a cam and lever system which provided a dual ratio to ease parking. Suspension was all elliptic (overslung in front, underslung at the rear) with rigid beam axles all controlled by Luvax-Girling double acting hydraulic shock absorbers—a transverse torsion bar linking both pairs. Brakes by Girling were mechanical using a wedge and roller system in 11 inch drums with twin leading shoes in the front drums.[2]

Badge
1946 Austin Sixteen BS1, The 1 millionth Austin produced
Buick 1937 inspired the Sixteen's nose

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Culshaw; Horrobin (1974). Complete Catalogue of British Cars. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-16689-2. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Austin Times Vol 1, Issue 1, April 2003

External links[edit]