Austin A70

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Austin A70
Hampshire/Hereford
Austin A70 Hereford at Weston Park.JPG
Austin A70 Hereford
Overview
Manufacturer Austin Motor Company
Production 1948–54
85,682
Assembly United Kingdom
Melbourne, Australia [1]
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 2199 cc Straight-4
Chronology
Predecessor Austin 16 hp
Successor A90 Westminster

The Austin A70 Hampshire and later Austin A70 Hereford are cars produced by the Austin Motor Company of Britain from 1948 until 1954. They were conventional body-on-frame cars with similar styling to the smaller A40 Devon and A40 Somerset models respectively.

A70 Hampshire[edit]

A70 Hampshire
Austin A70 Hampshire front.jpg
Overview
Also called Austin A70 Countryman [2]
Austin A70 Pick-up [3]
Production 1948–50
35,261[4]
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
2-door estate
2-door pickup [5]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 96 in (2,438 mm)
Length 163 in (4,140 mm)[4]

Most first generation A70s were Hampshire 4-door saloons, though some estate and pickup truck versions were also produced as the A70 Countryman and A70 Pick-up respectively. The 2.2 L (2199 cc) straight-4 pushrod engine provided the same power output, at 67 bhp (50 kW), as it had when installed in the earlier Austin 16 hp. The new car was nevertheless lighter, and probably also benefited from reduced wind resistance: published acceleration and top speed figures were correspondingly brisker. Accelerating from 0-80 km/h (50 mph) took 14.5 seconds and the maximum speed was 83.3 mph (134.1 km/h).

Production of the model ended in 1950 with just over 35,000 built. In 1950 the UK price was £648, which included the heater.

A70 Hereford[edit]

A70 Hereford
Austin A70 Hereford.JPG
Austin A70 Hereford
Overview
Also called Austin A70 Countryman [6]
Austin A70 Coupe [6]
Austin A70 Pick-up [6]
Production 1950–54
50,421[4]
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
2-door estate
2-door convertible
2-door pickup [7]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 99 in (2,515 mm)[8]
Length 167.5 in (4,254 mm)[8]
Width 69.5 in (1,765 mm)[8]
Height 65.5 in (1,660 mm) [8]

The A70 Hereford replaced the Hampshire in 1950 and was wider and slightly longer with an extra 3 inches (76 mm) in the wheelbase. A new addition to the range was the A70 Coupe, a 2-door convertible with coachwork by Carbodies of Coventry. A notable mechanical change was the use of hydraulic brakes. The smaller A40 Somerset had similar styling and even shared the same door panels.

The car retained the 2199cc 4-cylinder engine first seen officially in 1945 on the Austin 16. Performance was adequate by the standards of the time, but the car was not particularly quiet, and an Autocar magazine road test in 1950 reported a "small vibration at about 40 m.p.h. on the overrun" on their test car.[9] Austin had given a lead after the war in equipping their cars with interior heaters at no extra cost, and the Hereford came fitted with "the latest Smiths fresh-air installation" as standard equipment.[9] The road tester found the heater, like the engine and indeed the windscreen wipers, "rather noisy in operation", however.[9]

Sales were slow, with just over 50,000 produced when the A90 Westminster replaced it in 1954. A rare variant was a pickup, marketed as the A70 Pick-up. This shared the same platform as the estate, but with fully faired bodywork aft of the driving cab. The interior of this rather plush workhorse was the same as the saloon, with a large split-bench seat, and full instrumentation set in the middle for easy completion whether for left- or right-hand drive.

An A70 tested by the British magazine The Motor in 1951 had a top speed of 80.5 mph (129.6 km/h) and could accelerate from 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 21.4 seconds. A fuel consumption of 21.9 miles per imperial gallon (12.9 L/100 km; 18.2 mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £911 including taxes.[8]

1954 Austin A70 Pick-up

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gavin Farmer, Leyland P76: Anything but Average, page 2
  2. ^ Austin A70 Countryman brochure, www.bimomotor.com via www.webcitation.org Retrieved on 6 July 2013
  3. ^ Austin A70 Pick-up, foter.com Retrieved on 6 July 2013
  4. ^ a b c Robson, G. (2006). A-Z of British Cars 1945–80. Herridge. ISBN 0-9541063-9-3. 
  5. ^ Austin A70 Hampshire & Hereford (1948–1954) at www.flickr.com Retrieved on 19 April 2011
  6. ^ a b c Austin brochures, www.austinmemories.com Retrieved on 6 July 2013
  7. ^ Austin A70 Hampshire & Hereford at www.austinmemories.com Retrieved on 19 April 2011
  8. ^ a b c d e "The Austin A70 Hereford Saloon". The Motor. 2 May 1951. 
  9. ^ a b c "Austin A.70 Hereford Saloon (road test)". Autocar. 10 October 1950. 

External links[edit]