Austin Stack

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Austin Stack
Austinstack.jpg
Minister for Home Affairs
In office
1921–1922
Preceded by Arthur Griffith
Succeeded by Eamonn Duggan
Teachta Dála
In office
1923–1927
Constituency Kerry
Kerry–Limerick West (1921–1923)
West Kerry (1918–1921)
Personal details
Born (1879-12-07)7 December 1879
Tralee, County Kerry
Died 27 April 1929(1929-04-27) (aged 49)
Dublin, Ireland
Nationality Irish
Political party Sinn Féin

Austin Stack (7 December 1879 – 27 April 1929) was an Irish revolutionary and politician.[1]

Early life[edit]

Stack was born in Ballymullen, Tralee, County Kerry. He was educated at the Christian Brothers School in Tralee. At the age of fourteen he left school and became a clerk in a solicitor's office. A gifted Gaelic footballer, he captained the Kerry team to All-Ireland victory in 1904. He also served as President of the Kerry Gaelic Athletic Association County Board.

Activism[edit]

He became politically active in 1908 when he joined the Irish Republican Brotherhood. In 1916, as commandant of the Kerry Brigade of the Irish Volunteers, he made preparations for the landing of arms by Roger Casement. Although he was made aware that Casement was arrested on Easter Saturday and was being held in Tralee, he made no attempt to rescue him from Ballymullen Barracks. District Inspector Kearney of the Royal Irish Constabulary treated Casement very well and made sure Stack was aware that Casement could have been rescued, yet he refused to act as his orders were to rise later.

Stack was arrested and sentenced to death for his involvement in the Rising, however, this was later commuted to penal servitude for life. He was released under general amnesty in June 1917 and was elected as an abstentionist Sinn Féin Member of Parliament for Kerry West in the 1918 Westminster election, becoming a member of the 1st Dáil. He was automatically elected as an abstentionist member of the House of Commons of Southern Ireland and a member of the 2nd Dáil as a Sinn Féin Teachta Dála for Kerry–Limerick West at the 1921 elections.[2]

He opposed the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921, and took part in the subsequent Civil War. He was captured in 1923 and went on hunger strike for forty-one days before being released in July 1924.

Dáil[edit]

He was elected to the 3rd Dáil at the 1922 general election and subsequent elections as an Anti-Treaty Sinn Féin TD for the Kerry constituency. When Éamon de Valera founded Fianna Fáil in 1926, Stack remained with Sinn Féin being re-elected to the Dáil at the June 1927 general election. He did not contest the September 1927 general election

Stack's health never recovered after his hunger strike and he died in a Dublin hospital on 27 April 1929, aged 49.

Austin Stack Park in his home town of Tralee, one of the Gaelic Athletic Association's stadiums, is named in his honour, as is the Austin Stacks Hurling and Gaelic football club.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mr. Austin Stack". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 6 January 2010. 
  2. ^ "Austin Stack". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 6 January 2010. 
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Thomas O'Donnell
Sinn Féin Member of Parliament for Kerry West
1918–1922
Constituency abolished
Oireachtas
New constituency Sinn Féin Teachta Dála for Kerry West
1918–1921
Constituency abolished
New constituency Sinn Féin Teachta Dála for Kerry–Limerick West
1921–1923
Constituency abolished
New constituency Sinn Féin Teachta Dála for Kerry
1923–1927
Succeeded by
Frederick Crowley
(Fianna Fáil)
Political offices
Preceded by
Arthur Griffith
Minister for Home Affairs
1921–1922
Succeeded by
Eamonn Duggan