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Temporal range:
Late Cretaceous - Holocene, 66–0Ma
Common kestrel falco tinnunculus.jpg
Kestrel, Falco tinnunculus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Dendrornithes
Clade: Australaves
Ericson, 2012

Australaves[1] is a clade of birds, consisting of the Eufalconimorphae (passerines, parrots and falcons) as well as the Cariamae (including seriamas and the extinct "terror birds").[2] It was first defined by Ericson in 2012.[3]

A rough consensus of current research is reproduced below, based on Naish (2012).[2]


Cariamidae (seriamas)


Falconidae (falcons)


Psittaciformes (parrots)

Passeriformes (songbirds, crows & kin)


  1. ^ Kimball RT, Wang N, Heimer-McGinn V, Ferguson C, Braun EL 2013 Identifying localized biases in large datasets: A case study using the Avian Tree of Life. Mol Phylogenet Evol doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.05.029
  2. ^ a b Naish, D. (2012). "Birds." Pp. 379-423 in Brett-Surman, M.K., Holtz, T.R., and Farlow, J. O. (eds.), The Complete Dinosaur (Second Edition). Indiana University Press (Bloomington & Indianapolis).
  3. ^ Ericson, P. G. (2012). "Evolution of terrestrial birds in three continents: biogeography and parallel radiations." Journal of Biogeography, 39(5): 813-824.