Australian Aborigines' League

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Photographic portrait of a man with white hair and moustache
William Cooper was a founder of the AAL

The Australian Aborigines' League was established in Melbourne, Australia, in 1934 by William Cooper and others, including Margaret Tucker, Eric Onus, Anna and Caleb Morgan, and Shadrach James.[1]

An early initiative by the League was to petition King George V for Indigenous Australians to be represented in the Australian Parliament. In 1938 it joined the New South Wales based Aborigines Progressive Association in staging a Day of Mourning on Australia Day (26 January) in Sydney to draw attention to the treatment of Aborigines and to demand full citizenship and equal rights.[1] On 6 December 1938, following the Kristallnacht pogrom in Germany, a delegation of League members, led by Cooper, went to the German Consulate in Melbourne with a petition protesting against the “cruel persecution of the Jewish people by the Nazi government of Germany”.[2]

The League was less active after Cooper’s death in 1941 but was revived after the Second World War by Douglas Nicholls and by Eric and Bill Onus. In the 1960s it became the Victorian branch of the Aborigines Advancement League.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Australian Aborigines' League". Collaborating for Indigenous Rights. National Museum of Australia. Retrieved 2012-04-29. 
  2. ^ "Aboriginal leader honored in Israel". News. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 2009-04-28. Retrieved 2012-05-01.