Australian American

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Not to be confused with American Australian.
Australian American
Errol Flynn1.jpg
Rupert Murdoch - WEF Davos 2007.jpg
Mel Gibson 1990.jpg
Elizabeth Blackburn 2009-01.JPG
Total population
60,965 (2000 United States Census data)
Regions with significant populations
California, Hawaii, New York State, South Florida
Related ethnic groups
British Americans · Cornish Americans · Canadian American · English Americans · Scottish Americans · Scots-Irish Americans · Welsh Americans · Irish Americans

Australian Americans are Americans who identify with an Australian ancestry.

History[edit]

The history of the Australian American population almost follows the story of both British Americans and Irish Americans, as Australia was a British political territory at the time when they first emigrated and most of the settlers were Irish. The first wave of emigration from Australia to the United States came in the 1850s California Gold Rush when mostly Irish migrants who had escaped the Great Irish Famine had previously worked on the Australian goldfields. In San Francisco, the "Sydney Ducks" as they were known, were in violent conflict with nativist locals. Transpacific immigration then dried up while the American Civil War waged. It picked up during the period of Reconstruction, but faltered again when Australia was hit by a depression in the late 1890s. Immigration to the United States peaked in the years following World War II, due to America's increased economic activity, and the exodus of 15,000 Australian war brides who married U.S. servicemen. From 1971 to 1990, more than 86,400 Australians and New Zealanders immigrated to the United States.[1]

Demographics[edit]

At the 2000 U.S. Census, 60,965 Australian born people were enumerated in the United States, of which 15,315 were citizens. Around 40% of Australian Americans had entered the United States before 1980.[2] Australians speak more than 260 languages and identify with over 270 ancestries.[3] Following World War II, the first waves of migrants and refugees to Australia came mostly from Europe, diversifying what was then a mostly Anglo-Celtic nation. Later waves have come from the Asia–Pacific region, the Middle East and Africa, contributing to the diverse population that exists today.[4] Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people remain a further source of Australia's varied backgrounds.[5]

Notable Australian Americans[edit]

Business[edit]

Name Born – Died Notable for Connection with Australia Connection with the United States
Rupert Murdoch 1931– CEO of News Corporation born in Australia became naturalized U.S. citizen in 1985
Jacques Nasser 1947– former CEO of Ford Motors born in Lebanon but raised in Australia resides in the U.S.

Public Service[edit]

Name Born – Died Notable for Connection with Australia Connection with the United States
Richard W. Fisher 1949– Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas President Australian-American father U.S. citizen at birth
John Henderson blind activist born in Australia emigrated to the U.S. with parents as a child
Martin Indyk 1951– former U.S. Ambassador to Israel British born, Australian raised U.S. diplomat
James Wolfensohn 1933– former President of the World Bank born in Australia naturalized as U.S. citizen in 1980

Politics[edit]

Name Born – Died Notable for Connection with Australia Connection with America
Harry Bridges 1901–1990 International Longshore and Warehouse Union leader born in Australia became naturalized U.S. citizen in 1945

Authors[edit]

Name Born – Died Notable for Connection with Australia Connection with America
Jill Ker Conway 1934– author born in Australia works in the U.S.
Sumner Locke Elliott 1917–1991 author of Careful, He Might Hear You born in Australia moved to the U.S. in 1948 and became naturalised U.S. citizen in 1955

Scientists[edit]

Name Born – Died Notable for Connection with Australia Connection with America
Philip K. Chapman 1935– Astronaut born in Australia emigrated to the U.S.
Terence James Elkins 1936– physicist, 1st ascent of Mount Elkins, 1979 Harold Brown Award recipient born in Australia emigrated to the U.S. in 1963; naturalized U.S. citizen in 1971
Paul D. Scully-Power 1944– oceanographer and astronaut born in Australia naturalized U.S. citizen in 1982
Andy Thomas 1951– Astronaut Born in Australia naturalized U.S. citizen in 1986
Elizabeth Blackburn 1948– Winner of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine born in Australia naturalized U.S. citizen

Artists[edit]

Name Born – Died Notable for Connection with Australia Connection with America
Pat Oliphant 1935– New York Times cartoonist born in Australia emigrated to U.S. in 1964

Sport[edit]

Name Born – Died Notable for Connection with Australia Connection with America
Darren Bennett 1965– Australian rules and American football born in Australia, played AFL played NFL
Taj Burrow 1978– surfing born in Australia parents are U.S. citizens
Taylor Dent 1981– tennis father is Australian born in the U.S.
Jamie Dundee 1971– professional wrestling born in Australia moved to U.S. as a child
Kyrie Irving 1992– basketball born in Melbourne parents are U.S. citizens
Robert Machado 1973– surfing born in Sydney grew up and lives in California
James Spithill 1979– sailing born in Sydney married to an American and skippered Oracle Team USA yacht to two victories

Music[edit]

Name Born – Died Notable for Connection with Australia Connection with America
John Butler 1975– lead singer for the John Butler Trio family moved to Australia at age 11 born in the U.S.; mother is U.S. citizen
Flea 1962– bassist for Red Hot Chili Peppers born in Melbourne lived in the U.S. since age 5
MC Lars 1982– rapper father is Australian born in the U.S.
Cody Simpson 1997– pop singer born in Gold Coast, Queensland moved to the U.S. in 2010
Rebecca St. James 1977– Christian pop rock singer-songwriter born in Sydney family moved to the U.S. at age 14; married Cubbie Fink in 2011
Rick Springfield 1949– singer and actor born in Sydney lives in the U.S.
Mark Stoermer 1977– bassist for The Killers father is Australian born in the U.S.
Iggy Azalea 1990– rapper born in Sydney moved to the U.S. at age 16
Ashton Irwin 1994- drummer for 5 Seconds of Summer born in Hornsby father is american

Actors/Actresses[edit]

Name Born – Died Notable for Connection with Australia Connection with America
Simon Baker 1969– actor born in Launceston, Tasmania moved to the U.S. in the 1990s; has been a dual U.S. and Australian citizen since 2010
Jacinda Barrett 1972– actress born in Brisbane moved to the U.S. in the 1990s; married to U.S. citizen Gabriel Macht and became naturalized U.S. citizen in 2009
Sean Brosnan 1983– actor mother was Australian born in the U.S.
Portia de Rossi 1973– actress born in Horsham, Victoria moved to the U.S. in the 1990s; married Ellen DeGeneres in 2008
Sean Murray 1977– actor born in America to an American father and Australian mother; spent some of his childhood in Australia U.S. citizen
Leon Errol 1881–1951 vaudeville born in Australia worked and died in the U.S
Mia Farrow 1945– actress father is Australian born in the U.S. with dual citizenship
Errol Flynn 1909–1959 actor born in Hobart became naturalized U.S. citizen in 1942
Sean Flynn 1989– actor grandfather is Australian Errol Flynn born in the U.S.
Melissa George 1976– actress born in Australia moved to U.S. in the 1990s; became naturalized U.S. citizen in 2008[6]
Mel Gibson 1956– actor and director paternal grandmother was Australian; moved to Australia when he was 12 years old born in the U.S.; holds dual U.S. and Irish citizenship
Nicholas Hammond 1950– actor and director moved to Australia in the mid-1980s born in the U.S.
Claire Holt 1988– actress born in Brisbane lives and works in the U.S.
Nicole Kidman 1967– actress both parents are Australians; raised in Australia born in the U.S. with dual citizenship
Anthony LaPaglia 1959– Without a Trace actor born in Australia resides and works in the U.S.
George Lazenby 1939– actor born in Australia resided in the U.S.
Heath Ledger 1979–2008 actor born in Australia died in the U.S.
Poppy Montgomery 1975– Without a Trace actor born in Australia lives and works in the U.S.; dual U.S. and Australian citizen
Keir O'Donnell 1978– actor born in Australia lives and works in the U.S.
Nathan Parsons 1988– actor born in Australia naturalized U.S.citizen
Nathalia Ramos 1992– actress born in Spain, mother is Australian lives and works in the U.S.
Helen Reddy 1941– actress, singer born in Australia naturalized U.S.citizen
Ann Richards 1917–2006 actress born in Australia moved to the U.S. in 1942; father was U.S. citizen
Tristan Rogers 1946– General Hospital actor born in Australia naturalized U.S. citizen
Kristen Stewart 1990– actress mother is Australian born in the U.S.
Rod Taylor 1930– actor born in Australia moved to the U.S. in 1951
Phoebe Tonkin 1989– actress born in Sydney moved to Los Angeles in January 2011

Other[edit]

Name Born – Died Notable for Connection with Australia Connection with America
Bindi Irwin 1998– child television/film personality father is Australian Steve Irwin mother Terri Irwin is from Oregon
Laura James 1990– fashion model, America's Next Top Model winner mother is Australian father is Dynasty actor John James; born in the U.S.
Brianna Keilar 1980– television journalist for CNN born in Australia grew up in Orange County, California
Soledad O'Brien 1966– television journalist for CNN father is Australian born in the U.S.
Terry Tao 1975– mathematician, 2006 Fields medalist born in Australia won a Fulbright Scholarship in 1992; attained Ph.D. at Princeton in 1996; married an American
Marsha Waggoner 1940– champion poker player born in Australia lived in the U.S. since 1977
Christopher Wilder 1945–1984 serial killer born in Australia emigrated to the U.S. in 1969; father is U.S. citizen

See also[edit]

References[edit]