Australian Fabian Society
|This article relies on references to primary sources. (December 2006)|
The Australian Fabians (also known as the Australian Fabian Society) was established in 1947. Inspired by the Fabian Society in the United Kingdom, it is dedicated to Fabianism, the focus on the advancement of socialist ideas through gradual influence and patiently promoting socialist ideals to intellectual circles and groups with power.
An earlier experiment with Fabianism in Australia was initiated in Adelaide in 1891 by the Rev Charles Marson, who had joined the Fabians in London in 1885 and drew in trade unionists like David Charleston, Robert Guthrie and John McPherson as well as social reformers like James & Lucy Morice into the first overseas branch of the UK Fabian Society. The Australian members retained their membership for ten years until the Adelaide branch was wound up in 1902.
The Australian Fabians have historically had close ties with the Australian Labor Party, also known as the ALP. This is evidenced by the number of past ALP prime ministers, federal ministers and state premiers who were active members of the Australian Fabians while in office. The current patron of the Australian Fabians is former Australian prime minister Gough Whitlam.
The Australian Fabians have had a significant influence on public policy development in Australia since the Second World War, with many of its members having held influential political offices in Australian governments.
The Australian Fabians' Statement of Purpose states:
Australian Fabians promote the common good and foster the advance of social democracy in Australia through reasoned debate by:
a) Contributing to progressive political thinking by generating ideas that reflect a level of thinking that meets the challenges of the times.
b) Contributing to a progressive political culture by disseminating these ideas and getting them into the public domain.
c) Creating an active movement of people who identify with, are engaged in and who encourage progressive political debate and reform, and
d) Influencing the ideas and policies of political parties, especially the Australian Labor Party.
Notable members 
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2011)|
- Gough Whitlam (ALP Prime Minister 1972–75)
- Bob Hawke (ALP Prime Minister 1983–1991)
- Paul Keating (ALP Prime Minister 1991–1996)
- John Cain (ALP Premier of Victoria)
- Jim Cairns (ALP Deputy Prime Minister)
- Don Dunstan (ALP Premier of South Australia)
- Geoff Gallop (ALP Premier of Western Australia)
- Neville Wran (ALP Premier of NSW 1976–86)
- Frank Crean (ALP Deputy Prime Minister)
- Arthur Calwell (ALP Former Leader)
- Race Mathews (ALP MHR and Victorian MLA)
- John Faulkner (ALP Senator and National President)
- Julia Gillard (ALP Australia's first female Prime Minister)
- John Lenders (ALP Treasurer of Victoria)
- Henry Hyde Champion (Journalist)
- John Percy Jones (Businessman)
- Nettie Palmer (Writer)
- Ernest Besant-Scott (Historian)
- Lucy Morice (Feminist)
- Charles Strong (Clergyman)
- William Henry Archer (Statistician)
- Edward Shann (Economist)
- Charles Marson (Clergyman)
- David Charleston (Trade Unionist)
- John Howlett Ross (Teacher)
- Bernard O'Dowd (Writer)
- Phillip Adams (Broadcaster)