Australian Military Forces

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Australian Military Forces (AMF) was the official name of the Army of Australia from 1916 to 1980.[1] This encompassed both the (full-time) "regular army", and the (part-time) forces, variously known during this period as the Militia, the Citizen Military Forces (CMF) and the Australian Citizen Military Force (ACMF).[1]

Initially this also included the Australian Flying Corps (AFC) as part of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF). In 1920, the AFC became the Australian Air Corps, which became the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) on 31 March 1921.[2] The land forces of Australia were renamed the Australian Army in 1980. In detail:[1]

From To Entire Force Full-time Part-time Deployed
1901 1914 Commonwealth Military Forces Permanent Forces Citizens Forces -
1914 1915 Commonwealth Military Forces Permanent Forces Citizens Forces AIF - Australian Imperial Force
1916 1921 AMF - Australian Military Forces PMF - Permanent Military Forces CMF - Citizen Military Forces AIF - Australian Imperial Force[3]
1921 1929 AMF - Australian Military Forces PMF - Permanent Military Forces CMF - Citizen Military Forces -
1930 1939 AMF - Australian Military Forces PMF - Permanent Military Forces Militia -
1939 1942 AMF - Australian Military Forces PMF - Permanent Military Forces Militia AIF - Australian Imperial Force
1943 1946 AMF - Australian Military Forces PMF - Permanent Military Forces CMF - Citizen Military Forces AIF - Australian Imperial Force
1946 1947 AMF - Australian Military Forces Interim Army CMF - Citizen Military Forces -
1947 1980 AMF - Australian Military Forces ARA - Australian Regular Army ACMF - Australian Citizen Military Force -
1980 1991 Australian Army ARA - Australian Regular Army GRES or A-RES - Army Reserve -
1991 1995 Australian Army ARA - Australian Regular Army RRES - Ready Reserve -
1996 - Australian Army ARA - Australian Regular Army Australian Army Reserve -

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Military Organisation and Structure: One army, two armies?". Australian War Memorial. 5 October 2011. 
  2. ^ "Military Organisation and Structure: the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF)". Australian War Memorial. 5 October 2011. 
  3. ^ Some members of the First AIF went on to serve in the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War from 1917 to 1920 and many Australian First World War Memorials are to the Great War of 1914 to 1919 in recognition of this service.