Australian National Line

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Australian National Line
Type Sea transport
Founded 1 October 1956

The Australian National Line (ANL) was an Australian Government owned overseas and coastal shipping line that operated in Australia between 1956 and 1998, when the container shipping operations and naming rights were bought by French shipping line CMA CGM.

Corporate history[edit]

The Australian National Line was formed on 1 October 1956 as the Australian Coastal Shipping Commission with the passing of the Australian Coastal Shipping Commission Act.[1] The organisation took around forty ships previously operated by the Australian Shipping Board, which had been formed in 1946 by the Australian Federal Government.[2]

In 1974 Australian Coastal Shipping Commission was replaced by the Australian Shipping Commission,[3] and in 1989 Australian National Line Limited was established as a wholly owned government company.[4] In 1998 the French company CMA CGM bought the naming rights of ANL Limited from the Australian Federal Government.[5]

Services[edit]

Historical[edit]

The company entered the ferry business in 1959, when Tasmanian Steamers said they would be pulling out of the run. Their ship the SS Taroona was becoming totally inadequate, only being able to carry 30 cars, which had to be lifted aboard. As no replacement was available, the Federal Government decided that the Australian National Line should take over, and it would be provided with a subsidy. So an order was placed at the New South Wales Dockyard at Newcastle for completion of a new vessel in September 1959. The new ship was named Princess of Tasmania, and was the first roll on/roll off ferry in the southern hemisphere and the largest. She entered the MelbourneDevonport route on 23/9/59.

The new ship and route were such a success for the ANL that they ordered a cargo only ship, to be named Bass Trader.

With the passenger numbers going so well on the Princess of Tasmania and cargo going very well also, ANL decided that a regular passenger service from Sydney to Tasmania should be re-established. An order was placed with Cockatoo Docks & Engineering Company Pty Ltd. The new ship was christened Empress of Australia on 18/1/1964. Empress of Australia made her maiden voyage from Sydney to Hobart on 16/1/1965. The Empress of Australia operated from Sydney to Hobart and Sydney to Bell Bay/Burnie and back.

With the Princess of Tasmania going so well out of Melbourne, there needed to be more capacity on the route, so ANL ordered a new ship to be built at New South Wales Dockyard. The new ship would be bigger than the Princess, with smaller passenger capacity but more cargo space, an early example of the Ro/Pax concept. The new ship was launched on 17/2/1969 as the Australian Trader. On 24/6/1969, Australian Trader set out on her maiden voyage to Devonport. The new ship operated a rotation between Bell Bay, Devonport and Burnie.

On 27/6/1972 Princess of Tasmania left Devonport for the final time. ANL sold her to Bahamarine Ltd, Nassau and she left Australia for the very last time on 7/10/72. When the Princess of Tasmania left the route the Australian Trader swapped with her, and Empress of Australia replaced the Princess of Tasmania on the Melbourne - Devonport trade.

ANL were involved in the 1975 Tasman Bridge disaster in Hobart, Tasmania, as the owner/operator of the Lake Illawarra, the bulk carrier which collided with the bridge.

ANL announced that Australian Trader would be withdrawn from service, being replaced by a new freight only ship named Bass Trader.

On the final arrival of the Australian Trader in Bell Bay the crew went on strike. The ship remained idle there for two months. Finally on 24/9/76 they gave up and she sailed to Sydney, laid-up and was offered for sale. The sale was completed on 16/1/1977 to the Royal Australian Navy as a training ship.

In 1983 the Tasmanian government were seeking from the Federal Government funds to charter a supplementary ship, being either Scotia Prince, St Patrick II, Stena Baltica or Odysseus Elytis. This was rejected.

In 1984 ANL announced that they would not be continuing in the ferry business, and the Empress would be withdrawn in 1985 and sold. This was then put into the hands of the Tasmanian Government which subsequently formed the TT-line and got the capital from the Federal Government to buy a ship.

Current[edit]

The ceasing of the ANL's involvement in the passenger trade allowed them to concentrate solely on bulk freight and cargo. In 1998 the French company CMA CGM bought ANL's container shipping business and trading name from the Australian Federal Government.

CMA CGM operate over 350 vessels (mostly container vessels) on all of the world's major shipping lanes. As part of CMA CGM, the shipping company is now a part of the world's third largest container shipping operator. ANL now employs over 450 staff globally and moves roughly 900,000 cargo containers per year..

Commercially, ANL still operates the more traditional North-South directional trades, plus nearly 20 relatively new East-West directional trades riding on the services of its parent - CMA CGM.

In line with its parent company, ANL has a major focus on the environment for its vessels, containers and office operations.

Fleet summary[edit]

This is a list of ships owned or operated by ANL between its formation in 1956 and privatisation in 1998.

Name Type Entered ANL service Left ANL service Disposition Fate
MV Baralga General cargo February 1957 1972 Sold to Nilmore Ltd Broken up 1980
SS Bilkurra General cargo February 1957 1969 Sold to Malaysian International Shipping Broken up 1974
SS Binburra General cargo February 1957 1969 Sold to Malaysian International Shipping Broken up 1974
MV Boonaroo General cargo March 1957 January 1971 Sold to Collin Navigation Co Broken up 1985
MV Bulwarra General cargo March 1958 January 1971 Sold to Collin Navigation Co Ran aground off Keelung and broke apart on 22 October 1971, total loss
SS Dalby General cargo January 1958 October 1969 Sold to Cronulla Cia Nav S.A. Ran aground off Keelung on 14 November 1971, abandoned as total loss
SS Dandenong General cargo 1957 1960 Sold to Jones Brothers Coal Pty Ltd Broken up 1971
SS Daylesford General cargo 1957 1960 Sold to Fung Shing Navigation Co Ltd Broken up 1972
SS Delungra General cargo November 1957 April 1960 Sold to H & S Credits Pty Ltd Broken up 1974
SS Denman General cargo March 1957 1965 Sold to Eddie Steamships (Philippines) Inc Broken up 1970
SS Dubbo General cargo March 1957 May 1965 Sold to Australia Pacific Co (Hong Kong) Ltd Broken up 1969
MV Edenhope General cargo February 1957 October 1965 Sold to Bougainville Trading Co Ltd Broken up 1979
MV Elmore General cargo February 1957 January 1965 Sold to John Burke Ltd Broken up 1987
MV Enfield General cargo February 1957 January 1965 Sold to Legaspi Oil Co Inc Deregistered 2008 in Manilla, Philippines. Still afloat.
MV Eugowra General cargo February 1957 June 1969 Sold to Pacific Islands Shipping Co Pty Ltd Broken up 1974
MV Euroa General cargo February 1957 March 1969 Sold to Keith Hollands Shipping Co Pty Ltd Broken up 1980
MV Inyula Bulk carrier February 1957 September 1975 Sold to Octamaris Maritime Corporation Sank in the Black Sea December 1977 in bad weather
MV Lake Barrine Bulk carrier February 1957 October 1975 Sold to Drillships Ltd Broken up 1982
SS Lake Eyre Bulk carrier February 1957 February 1973 Sold to Century Shipping Lines (Hong Kong) Ltd Broken up 1975
MV Nilpina General cargo February 1957 June 1971 Sold to Simanggang Sawmill Co Pty Ltd Sank off Little Andaman Island on 22 June 1985.
MV Noongah General cargo February 1957 25 August 1969 - Sank off Smoky Cape in heavy seas with the loss of 21 crew
MV Ransdorp Tanker March 1957 May 1958 Sold to Dent & Graham Sank in the Tasman Sea on 18 March 1961
SS River Burdekin General cargo March 1957 1959 Sold to Indonesian government Broken up 1971
SS River Burnett General cargo March 1957 April 1965 Sold to Australine Shipping Co Inc Broken up 1973
SS River Clarence General cargo March 1957 1960 Sold to World-Wide S S Co Ltd Broken up 1968
MV River Derwent General cargo January 1957 April 1959 Interstate Steamships Pty Ltd Ran aground during Typhoon Wanda, refloated and scrapped 1962.
MV River Fitzroy General cargo March 1957 March 1963 Sold to Amakasu Sangyo Kisen K K Broken up March 1963
MV River Glenelg General cargo March 1957 October 1960 Sold to Hang Fung Shipping & Trading Co Ltd Broken up January 1963
MV River Hunter General cargo February 1957 July 1959 Sold to Albert Sims Ltd Broken up 1960
MV River Loddon General cargo March 1957 March 1963 Sold to Amakasu Sangyo Kisen K K Broken up March 1963
MV River Mitta General cargo March 1957 July 1959 Sold to Hang Fung Shipping & Trading Co Ltd Broken up 1959
MV River Murchison General cargo February 1957 February 1963 Sold to Amakasu Sangyo Kisen K K Broken up March 1963
MV River Murray General cargo March 1957 August 1959 Sold to Albert Sims Ltd Broken up 1959
MV River Murrumbidgee General cargo March 1957 January 1963 Sold to Amakasu Sangyo Kisen K K Broken up March 1963
MV River Norman General cargo February 1957 1959 Sold to Wallem & Co Ran aground during Typhoon Wanda, refloated and scrapped 1962.
MV Talinga Bulk carrier February 1957 July 1970 Sold to Elios Compania Navigation S.A. Ran aground during Typhoon Rose, refloated and scrapped 1972.
MV Timbarra Bulk carrier February 1957 January 1969 Sold to Montauk Maritime Ltd Broken up 1973
SS Tyalla Bulk carrier March 1957 May 1957 Sold to Cambray Prince Steamship Co Ltd Formerly repair ship HMS Dullisk Cove. Broken up 1962
MV Wangara General cargo March 1957 October 1966 Sold to Western Australian Coastal Shipping Commission Comveryed to a barge 1983
MV Windarra General cargo April 1957 October 1970 Sold to Collin Navigation Co Broken up 1980
MV Yanderra Bulk carrier February 1957 November 1970 Sold to Collin Navigation Co Broken up 1976
MV Yarrunga Bulk carrier February 1957 December 1971 Sold to Corona Navigation Co S.A. Sank in the Persian Gulf 4 May 1975 after cargo caught fire
MV Iranda Bulk carrier 1957 August 1977 Sold to Jollyboat S.A. Broken up 1982
MV North Esk General cargo 1957 June 1979 Sold to West Pacific Shipping Pty Ltd Broken up 1984
MV Lake Boga Bulk carrier 1957 29 March 1978 Sold to International Activity Shipping & Investment Co S.A. Broken up 1984
MV Lake Boga Bulk carrier 1957 January 1978 Sold to Tien Tai Shipping Co S.A. Broken up May 1978
MV Illowra Bulk carrier 1957 June 1970 Sold to Athenmar Shipping Co Ltd Broken up 1982
MV Lake Illawarra Bulk carrier 1958 5 January 1975 - Sank after colliding with the Tasman Bridge
MV Lake Colac General cargo 1958 1978 Sold to Maliac Shipping Corporation Broken up 1979
MV Lake Macquarie Bulk carrier 1958 January 1979 Sold to Project and Services Pty Ltd Broken up 1982
MV South Esk General cargo 1959 December 1972 Sold to Eastern Shipping Lines Inc Sank in the South China Sea on 16 February 1980
MV Lake Macquarie Bulk carrier 1959 June 1979 Sold to Bluewater Bay Maritime Inc Broken up 1981
MS Princess of Tasmania Passenger and roll-on/roll-off September 1959 December 1972 Sold to Bahamarine Ltd Broken up 2005
MV Mount Keira Ore carrier 1960 June 1976 Sold to Agile Shipping Co S.A. Broken up 1983
MV Mount Kembla Ore carrier 1960 June 1973 Sold to Drillships Ltd Broken up 1988
MV Bass Trader (1st) Roll-on/roll-off 1961 April 1975 Sold to Halley Enterprise Shipping Inc Broken up 1984
MV Merino General cargo October 1963 December 1964 Sold to Carpentaria Holdings Pty Ltd Scuttled in the Arafura Sea on 17 December 1986
MV Jeparit General and bulk cargo 1964 September 1979 Sold to Massis Charity Shipping Co Broken up 1993
MV Musgrave Range Ore carrier November 1964 June 1977 Sold to Zea Shipping Co Broken up 1983
MS Empress of Australia Passenger and roll-on/roll-off January 1965 1985 Sold to Sun Cruises Maritime Sank in the Strait of Malacca on 23 August 1992
SS Darling River Bulk carrier 1966 February 1979 Sold to Malcome Collins (Australia) Pty Ltd Broken up June 1979
MV Australian Trader (1st) Passenger and roll-on/roll-off 1969 January 1977 Sold to the Royal Australian Navy Broken up 2004
MV Australian Enterprise (1st) Container and roll-on/roll-off 1969 1 January 1986 - Broken up 1986
MV Australian Endeavour (1st) Container 1969 1 June 1985 - Broken up 1985
MV Brisbane Trader Container and roll-on/roll-off 1969 10 December 1986 Sold to Mastrogiorgis Shipping Co Ltd Broken up 2010
MV Sydney Trader Container and roll-on/roll-off 1969 1984 - Broken up 1984
MV Tolga Bulk carrier October 1969 (leased) 1983 Returned to Arctic Shipping Co Ltd Broken up 1994
SS Yarra River Bulk carrier 1970 1982 - Broken up 1982
MV Townsville Trader Container and roll-on/roll-off 1970 November 1984 - Broken up 1984
MV Darwin Trader Container and bulk carrier 1970 1998 - Still in service
MV Echuca Container 1971 July 1976 Sold to Wan Hai Steamship Co Inc Still in service
MV Allunga Container and roll-on/roll-off 1971 1986 - Broken up 1986
MV Mount Newman Bulk carrier 1973 (chartered) 1981 Returned to Pacific Maritime Services Ltd Broken up 1996
MV Alnwick Castle Bulk carrier 1974 (leased) June 1981 Returned to Ben Line Broken up 1996
MV Tambo River Bulk carrier 1972 (chartered) September 1979 Returned to Northern Bulk Carriers Ltd Broken up 1998
MSC Australian Exporter Container July 1972 (leased) 1990 Returned to Mediterranean Shipping Co S.A. Broken up 1999
MV Lysaght Endeavour Roll-on/roll-off 1973 10 June 1987 - Broken up 1987
MV Lysaght Enterprise Roll-on/roll-off 1973 1987 - Broken up February 1987
MV Australian Emblem Container and roll-on/roll-off 1974 (leased) 17 April 1988 Returned to Kawasaki Heavy Industries Broken up 1997
MV Melbourne Trader Roll-on/roll-off January 1975 1988 Sold to Bulk Enterprise Ltd Still in service
MSC Australian Explorer Container April 1975 1986 - Broken up 1986
MV Stirling Range Bulk carrier April 1975 March 1980 Sold to Antigoni Shipping Co Ltd Sunk 21 November 1983 in the Iran–Iraq War
MV Australian Escort Container and roll-on/roll-off January 1976 1989 - Renamed Anro Melbourne
MV Bass Trader (2nd) Roll-on/roll-off 1976 1997 Sold to Strintzis Lines Still in service
MV Australian Pioneer Bulk carrier August 1976 1986 Sold to Shanghai Ocean Shipping Co Still in service
MV Australian Prospector Bulk carrier December 1976 July 1979 Sold to Trikappa Ltd Broken up 1999
MV Australian Venture Container 1976 December 1996 Sold to Lavicer Investments Corp Broken up 2006
MV Anro Australia Container February 1977 1997 Sold to Ruby Enterprises Inc Broken up June 1997
MV Flinders Range Bulk carrier 1977 2 January 1987 Sold to China Shipping Group Still in service
MV Australian Purpose Bulk carrier December 1977 June 1979 Sold to Lavicer Investments Corp Broken up 2006
MV Lake Barrine Bulk carrier 1978 1986 Sold to Societe Mo Car SpA Still in service
MV Lake Eildon Bulk carrier 1978 1985 Sold to Queensland Lime & Cement Scrapped 2008
MV Lake Eyre Bulk carrier 1978 1984 Sold to Julia Shipping Pty Ltd Still in service
MV Lake Hume Bulk carrier January 1979 1986 Sold to Clarry Shipping Ltd Still in service
MV Australian Progress Bulk carrier February 1979 1991 Sold to Treasure Sea Shipping Inc Broken up 2002
MV Selwyn Range Bulk carrier July 1979 1990 Sold to CSL Pacific Still in service
MV Cape Hawke Bulk carrier 1981 (leased) December 1986 Returned to British Phosphate Commission Broken up 1987
MV Baron Murray Bulk carrier August 1981 (leased) 1987 Returned to Otway Shipping Co Ltd Broken up 2003
MV Cape Otway Bulk carrier August 1981 (leased) 1987 Returned to British Phosphate Commission Broken up 2008
MV River Boyne Ore carrier 1982 - - Still in service
MV River Embley Ore carrier 1983 - - Still in service
MV River Yarra Ore carrier 1984 2002 Sold to Canadian Steamship Lines Still in service
MV Australian Trader (2nd) Container 1 February 1985 19 January 1997 Sold to Hub Line Still in service
MV Australian Advance Container 1986 (leased) 1988 Returned to United Arab Shipping Co Still in service
MV Tranztas Trader General cargo 1989 1998 Sold to Littleton Services Inc Sank off Vietnam on 16 December 2010
MV Anro Melbourne Container and roll-on/roll-off 1989 1992 Sold to Plixia Trading Ltd Broken up 1998
MV Australian Searoad Roll-on/roll-off 1989 1994 Returned to Pacific Intercontinental Co Ltd Still in service
MV Australian Express General cargo 6 September 1989 (leased) 3 February 1990 Returned to Nanyuan Shipping Still in service
MV Australian Endeavour (2nd) Container 1991 - - Still in service as ANL Australia
MV Australian Endurance Container 1991 1996 Sold to Koala Shipping Inc Still in service
MV Australian Enterprise (2nd) Container 1997 - - Still in service as ANL Explorer

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Corporate entry: Australian Coastal Shipping Commission". Australian Science at Work. www.austehc.unimelb.edu.au. Archived from the original on 14 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  2. ^ "Corporate entry: Australian Shipping Board". Australian Science at Work. www.austehc.unimelb.edu.au. Archived from the original on 15 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  3. ^ "Corporate entry: Australian Shipping Commission". Australian Science at Work. www.austehc.unimelb.edu.au. Archived from the original on 15 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  4. ^ "Corporate entry: Australian National Line (ANL) Limited". Australian Science at Work. www.austehc.unimelb.edu.au. Archived from the original on 15 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  5. ^ "ANL - About Us". Anl.com.au. Archived from the original on 4 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 

External links[edit]