Australian New Wave
The Australian New Wave (also known as the Australian Film Revival, Australian Film Renaissance, or New Australian Cinema) was an era of resurgence in worldwide popularity of Australian cinema (particularly in the United States). It began in the early 1970s and lasted until the mid-late 1980s.
The era also marked the emergence of the "Ozploitation" style - characterised by the exploitation of colloquial Australian culture, such as in the Mad Max films. The end of the era marked the beginning of the "Post New Wave" period in Australian cinema - characterised by the popular "Glitterfilm" style of the 1990s, such as The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert.
The Australian film industry declined after World War II, coming to a virtual stop by the 1960s. The Gorton and Whitlam governments intervened in the early 1970s and rescued the industry from its expected oblivion. The federal and several state governments established bodies to assist with the funding of film production and the training of film makers through the Australian Film Television and Radio School, which created a new generation of Australian filmmakers who were able to bring their visions to the screen. The 1970s saw a huge renaissance of the Australian film industry. Australia produced nearly 400 films between 1970 and 1985, more than had been made in the history of the Australian film industry.
In contrast to pre-New Wave films, New Wave films are often viewed as fresh and creative, possessing "a shared a vitality, a love of open spaces and a propensity for sudden violence and languorous sexuality". The "straight-ahead narrative style" of many Australian New Wave films reminded American audiences of "the Hollywood-maverick period of the late 1960s and early ’70s that had just about run its course".
Several films of the Australian New Wave are regarded as classics of world cinema and regularly rank among films considered the best. Published in 2004, The New York Times Guide to the Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made includes Walkabout, Mad Max, Breaker Morant, Gallipoli, The Road Warrior, The Year of Living Dangerously and Dead Calm. In 2008, Empire magazine chose The Road Warrior and The Year of Living Dangerously as two of the 500 Greatest Movies of All Time, ranking in at #280 and #161 respectively. The 2011 book 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die features Walkabout, Picnic at Hanging Rock, The Last Wave, The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith, My Brilliant Career, Mad Max and Gallipoli.
Directors and actors who launched successful careers as a direct result of the Australian New Wave include:
Sue Mathews' 35mm Dreams, published at the height of the Australian New Wave in 1984, was a landmark study of the major Australian directors of the time. Among the directors portrayed, one - John Duigan - had not yet received widespread critical and box-office acclaim. He came to worldwide attention after making The Year My Voice Broke (1987) and its sequel Flirting (1991) a few years later.
Post New Wave
The period after the end of the 1980s has been referred to as the Post New Wave revival. Successful films produced in the 1990s include Strictly Ballroom, Muriel's Wedding, Babe, The Castle and The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert. Similarly, Proof, Romper Stomper, Shine, The Piano and Kiss or Kill have also become artistic successes.
- "Film in Australia ". Retrieved 28 June 2009.
- "Film in Australia ". Retrieved 28 June 2009./
- Wendy Lewis, Simon Balderstone and John Bowan (2006). Events That Shaped Australia. New Holland. pp. 229–233. ISBN 978-1-74110-492-9.
- Hale, Mike (23 January 2013). "When Australia Soared on Film", The New York Times. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- "The Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made", The New York Times. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- "Empire's 500 Greatest Movies of All Time", Empire. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- Schneider, Steven Jay. 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die. London: Quintessence Editions Ltd.. ISBN 1844036979
- Film Reference Encyclopedia - "Australian New Wave: The Comedies"
- New York Times - "Australia Prides Its 'New Wave' of Films" article, 15 February 1981