Australian Pharmaceutical Industries
||A major contributor to this article appears to have a close connection with its subject. (June 2010)|
|Traded as||ASX: API|
|Industry||Health and Beauty|
|Headquarters||New South Wales, Australia|
|Key people||Peter Robinson, Chairman
Stephen Roche, CEO
|Products||Pharmaceutical, health and beauty|
Australian Pharmaceutical Industries (API) is a health and beauty company in Australia that is involved in pharmaceutical distribution, retailing and manufacturing. API is Australia's largest wholesale distributor of pharmaceutical and allied products. The company is involved in retailing through company-owned stores and franchise operations. API is listed on the Australian Securities Exchange and operates in the retail health and beauty industry under the following brands: Priceline, Priceline Pharmacy, Soul Pattinson and Pharmacist Advice.
Australian Pharmaceutical Industries was incorporated as Chemists’ Co-operative of New South Wales Limited in 1910 and later became known as Wholesale Drug Co before adopting its current name, Australian Pharmaceutical Industries, in 1971.
API acquired Newmans & Western Pharmaceuticals in 1996, and in the following year Amed Supplies Australia was acquired to increase its coverage in medical and surgical products for the hospital market.
API was listed on the Australian Stock Exchange on 16 June 1997.
Chemworld Chemist, a new retail pharmacy banner group, was launched in 1998. API acquired the pharmaceutical wholesaling and manufacturing operations of Washington H. Soul Pattinson in 2000.
On 29 October 2001, API purchased Hospital Supplies of Australia, the hospital and medical wholesale distribution business previously owned by the Victorian Healthcare Association. This enabled API to extend its distribution business to the public and private hospital market.
On 1 October 2002, API acquired the Interpacific and Interpharma businesses in New Zealand. These companies operated pharmacy wholesaling and retailing to New Zealand, the manufacture of over the counter pharmaceuticals, and wholesale distribution of dental products. This acquisition included Zuellig Pharma Limited, PSM Healthcare Limited and Halas Dental Limited.
The retail brands of Priceline, Priceline Pharmacy, House and Price Attack were acquired on 6 October 2004 from the New Price Retail business. This propelled API to restructure its operations to focus primarily on growing its pharmaceutical distribution, retailing and manufacturing business. The retail led strategy was established by Jeff Sher, the architect of the Priceline Pharmacy model.
The next year API continued to narrow its focus to the pharmacy channel and sold the Halas Dental business.
In 2005, API formed a joint venture with ABN AMRO Capital Advisory Australia Pty Ltd. Later that year, the newly formed joint venture then acquired Clifford Hallam Pharmaceuticals Pty Limited.
API sold its New Zealand healthcare and logistics pharmacy business on 14 December 2005.
In 2007, API divested its House and Price Attack brands as part of its retail strategy to focus on Priceline.
|Peter R. Robinson||Chairman, Non-executive director|
|Robert D. Millner||Non-executive director|
|Stephen P. Roche||managing director & chief executive officer|
|Dr Michael R. Wooldridge||Lead independent non-executive director|
|Carol Holley||Independent non-executive director|
|Miles L. Hampton||Independent non-executive director|
|Lee Ausburn||Independent non-executive director|
In 2006 after the implementation of a new IT system, the company found $17.2 million of the company's declared profit had disappeared. Forensic Accountants called in could not find any trace of the money. API chose to write the full amount off their annual profit, causing a net loss of $17.2 million. The company's CEO Jeff Sher resigned after a strategic difference with the board in relation to the treatment of the accounting discrepancy which was proven to have historical significance predating the API acquisition of Priceline.
The Priceline division shed 32 workers for "operational reasons" under the new WorkChoices Legislation. One of these workers, Andrew Cruickshank, a store layout planner, alleged Priceline fired him on his $101,000 a year contract, replacing him with someone on a $75 000 contract. Priceline claimed otherwise, "It was not the same role...the person wouldn't have been capable of doing the same things". The AIRC ruled in favour of Priceline and found that Cruickshank's termination resulted from Priceline's financial difficulties and the subsequent decision to reorganise its structure.
Rival company Sigma Pharmaceuticals had attempted to take over API in 2002, but had been blocked by the ACCC. Sigma made another bid in 2006, and discussions continued until 11 December 2006, when Sigma withdrew their bid.
- "Company Profile: API". InvestSMART.
- "Company Profile: API". CareerOne.
- "Company Research: API". Australian Securities Exchange.
- "Board of Directors". API website.
- "Australian Pharmaceutical Industries Limited 2009 Annual Report". Australian Pharmaceutical Industries.
- AIRC confirms expanded exemption to unfair dismissal, McCullough Robertson Lawyers
- Schubert, Misha. "Priceline case puts focus on IR laws", The Age, 25 April 2007.
- Godfrey, Kelly & Moulton, Adam. "Employees fail in operational reasons termination claims", Human Resources Leader, 15 May 2007.
- ACCC denies authorisation for API – Sigma merger
- Qantas, banks lift market