Rostrum Australia (formerly Australian Rostrum) is an association of Australian public speaking clubs, founded on 21 July 1930. It is the main continuation of the original Rostrum club ("The Rostrum") founded in Manchester, United Kingdom on 21 July 1923. This club's other surviving descendants are "Rochdale Rostrum", a Rostrum club in the Greater Manchester area founded in 1978; and the presently dormant "Wellington Rostrum Club" in New Zealand.
Its early establishment makes Rostrum the longest running public speaking organisation in the world.
Rostrum clubs aim to help their members improve their speaking and meeting skills. They do this primarily through regular club meetings and less frequent competitions.
Australian Rostrum's main national competition for members is the "Sidney Wicks Speaking Competition". This is held roughly every six to eight years. In other years, state and territory competitions are dominant.
Its other main national competition is the annual Rostrum Voice of Youth (VOY). This is open to all high school students. It involves a prepared speech and an impromptu speech.
Rostrum was founded by Sidney Wicks. Wicks was an author, journalist for the Manchester Guardian and public relations practitioner. He came to believe that people needed to think through their own decision-making processes rather than just accept the promotions of the press and other interested parties. On 21 July 1923, he founded a club in Manchester with the prime purpose to encourage men to listen to many sources before formulating their own opinions, and then to speak their minds to groups of others in a way that would encourage them to listen. The club began as an offshoot of the Manchester YMCA Businessmen's Speaking Class.
After the first meeting under a yew tree at Greendale Farm near Manchester, meetings for YMCA members were held on Wednesday evenings in the local YMCA building. In 1924 a young Australian Engineer training in Manchester, Alan Crook (later MBE), joined Rostrum while studying at the Victoria University of Manchester. The following year he returned to Australia.
Crook, with the help of Robert Swainson and Stuart McPhee, formed a Rostrum Club in Sydney.  It was founded on 21 July 1930, coincidentally exactly seven years after the original club. It was founded under an Angophora tree on the shores of Middle Harbour in Sydney. Alan Crook was the first President and Robert Swainson the Critic. Like the Manchester Club, this was a dinner club. In November 1931, "Luncheon Club No.1" was formed, Alan Crook again being the first President. "No.2 Luncheon Club" was formed in July 1932, No.3 in July 1933 and No.4 Club in July 1934. The original club was given the name of "Foundation Club".
In May 1934, Alan Crook went to Melbourne for a holiday and formed a Rostrum Club which a few months later, together with the then five Sydney Clubs, became the first Dais (regional council). Fred Seamons was the first President and held this office for 15 years. A second Rostrum club was formed in Melbourne in July 1935 and the Victorian clubs then formed their own Dais.
On the evening of 3 December 1935, George McNicholl, Treasurer of the Melbourne & Metropolitan Board of Works and Chairman of the Australian Institute of Secretaries (AIS), moved a very gracious vote of thanks to a guest speaker from the SA branch of the AIS. Afterwards, some SA residents present asked McNicholl how he became to be such a good speaker. He told them about Rostrum. This discussion lead to the first South Australian meeting. It was held in Adelaide on 18 February 1936 in the inner suburb of North Terrace.
An Australian Rostrum Council was established on 5 January 1938, bringing together the state Daises. Fred Seamons was the President for the first eight years. Alan Crook served as Secretary for 27 years until his death on 9 August 1965.
By the end of the 1930s there were many Rostrum clubs throughout NSW, Victoria, SA and Queensland.
Rostrum in Australia took a while to spread further west and south, as World War II curtailed expansion. The first club in Tasmania started in 1947 and Western Australia's first club was founded on 21 May 1948.
However, there was some surprising growth to the north, with the Changi Rostrum Club running in the Changi POW camp from 1943-1944 .
The second Rostrum Club in the UK was started in 1951. By this time, there were nearly 100 Rostrum Clubs in Australia. Speaking clubs were not as popular in the UK as in Australia, the main speaking club group there at the time, Toastmasters had only six clubs before World War II.
The ACT's first club was founded on 3 March 1953 .
In 1956, the Secretary of the Victorian Dias, Jo Davis, began a speaking competition for Victorian members. This competition later took his name as the "Jo Davis Cup" after his death in 1964.
A book titled "Rostrum in Victoria: 1934-1959" by RE Tonkin was released by the Victorian Dais around this time.
The 1960s were a time of rapid growth in the organisation in the ACT and surrounds. Five new clubs became established there during this time. 
"Take the Chair", a book on meeting procedure was written for Rostrum by WA members Cecil Carr and Alan Foyster in 1962. The book sold over 90,000 copies in Australia between its release and 1990, when it was rewritten.
"Have something to say: a text book for public speakers" was written in 1969 by ACT member Laurie Burgess.
"Chairmanship and Public Speaking" was written for Rostrum in the 1960s by NSW member Evan Bowen-Thomas.
Various levels of Australian Rostrum ran youth competitions in the early 1970s. In 1974, the various NSW local competitions were combined into a statewide "Voice of Youth" competition. In 1975, Voice of Youth went national, the first national final being held in Canberra. This competition continues today.
1974 saw the creation of the "ACT Rostrum Critics Club", a group devoted to improving critiques in the ACT.
Until 1978, Rostrum in Australia was restricted to men but in that year, the national constitution was changed to allow the entry of women. However, women could not become a member without the Dais council in their state or territory also changing their rules to allow it. Within a few months there were female members in all states except Western Australia, which remained male only until 1986.
Also in 1978, a new club was founded in the UK - Rochdale Rostrum.
The first "Sidney Wicks Speaking Competition" was held in Sydney in 1980 to celebrate 50 years of Rostrum in Australia. It was won by David Mead from WA. The competition is also known as the "National Rostrum Speaking Competition" and "Sidney Wicks Trophy".
1984 saw Victorian member David Shaw write "Towards Better Meetings". 
Western Australian clubs began to admit women in 1986.
Also in 1986, NSW member John White and WA President David Julian Price released the first version of Rostrum's current curriculum standard, the "Personal Development Program" (then "Member's Development Program").
"Brighter Rostrum meetings: how to make your Rostrum Club meetings more interesting" (edited by George Shaw) and "History of ACT Rostrum, Club 8, 1965-1986" (by Eric Martin and Don Clark) were yet more Rostrum titles released in 1986.
The second Sidney Wicks competition was held in Canberra in August 1988 during the Australian Bicentenary celebrations, and was won by Bill Smith from WA. It was held in conjunction with a national conference entitled "Speak up Australia", held at the Australian Academy of Science's "Shine Dome". The conference was joint project of Australian Rostrum and the Penguin Club of Australia, aimed to promote oral communication, especially to children.
In 1989, the book "A Critic's Bag of Remedies" was produced by WA members.
1990 also saw NSW member Alan Milston release the history "Rostrum in Australia 1930-1965".
In 1993, Australian Rostrum declared Robyn Williams "Speaker of the Year".
Sydney hosted the third Sidney Wicks competition in 1994. The winner was Brian Gillespie of Queensland Rostrum.
Also in 1994, Bert Crummer wrote the 84 page book "A brief history of Rostrum Club No. 3 (Brisbane)".
In 1997, New Zealand Rostrum declared Peter Biggs "Speaker of the Decade". Also in that year, "Not to be silent: a history of Rostrum in Tasmania" was written by Malcolm Grant, "Meetings Made Easy" (a revised version of "Towards Better Meetings") was produced by Arthur Martin for Rostrum Victoria, and South Australian member Ron Johnson released "Tips on Public Speaking and Meeting Procedure".
The fourth Sidney Wicks competition was held in Hobart on 7 August 1999 in conjunction with the first Rostrum National Convention. The winner was Andrew Dickson from the ACT zone.
2000 saw the release of "The torch of truth and freedom: the South Australian Rostrum history, 1936-1999" by Colin Chiverton, and "Tips on Public Speaking and Meeting Procedure: Volume 2" by Ron Johnson.
In 2005 the fifth Sidney Wicks competition was held in Perth on 15 October at the National Convention celebrating 75 years of Rostrum in Australia. The winner was Clarrie Pryor from Tasmania.
In 2005, there were over 140 clubs in Australia, collectively containing nearly 1700 members.. There is currently one small club in Manchester, England. The sole remaining club in New Zealand, in Wellington, is at present in recess.
Over 3000 students participate in the Voice of Youth each year, covering over 500 schools.
In 2011 the sixth Sidney Wicks competition was held in Adelaide South Australia in October in conjunction with the National Convention. The winner was Jenny Blain from Victoria.
Speaker of The Year
South Australian Rostrum annually holds its Speaker of the Year conmpetition. The Speaker of the Year is identified through an open contest between Rostrum members. Six finalists compete with one another in presenting a ten minute prepared speech and a three minute short notice speech. The winner is awarded the Freeman Jack Gerard Prize.
- Australian Rostrum
- Rochdale Rostrum
- Wellington Rostrum
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (December 2006)|