Australian federal election, 1913

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Australian federal election, 1913
Australia
1910 ←
31 May 1913 (1913-05-31)
→ 1914

All 75 seats in the Australian House of Representatives
38 seats were needed for a majority in the House
18 (of the 36) seats in the Australian Senate
  First party Second party
  JosephCookPEO.jpg Andrewfisher.JPG
Leader Joseph Cook Andrew Fisher
Party Commonwealth Liberal Labor
Leader since 20 January 1913 October 1907
Leader's seat Parramatta Wide Bay
Last election 31 seats 42 seats
Seats won 38 seats 37 seats
Seat change Increase7 Decrease5
Percentage 48.94% 48.47%
Swing Increase3.85 Decrease1.50

Prime Minister before election

Andrew Fisher
Labor

Resulting Prime Minister

Joseph Cook
Commonwealth Liberal

Federal elections were held in Australia on 31 May 1913. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives, and 18 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Australian Labor Party led by Prime Minister Andrew Fisher was defeated by the opposition Commonwealth Liberal Party led by Joseph Cook, by a single seat. The new government also held a minority of seats in the Senate.

The election was held in conjunction with six referendum questions, none of which was carried.

House of Reps 1913–14 (FPTP) — Turnout 73.49% (Non-CV) — Informal 2.83%
  Party Votes % Swing Seats Change
  Commonwealth Liberal Party 930,076 48.94 +3.85 38 +7 (1 elected
unopposed)
  Australian Labor Party 921,099 48.47 −1.50 37 −5 (2 elected
unopposed)
  Independents 49,194 2.59 −2.35 0 −2
  Total 1,900,369     75
  Commonwealth Liberal Party WIN 38 +7
  Australian Labor Party 37 −5


Senate 1913–14 (FPTP BV) — Turnout 73.66% (Non-CV) — Informal N/A
  Party Votes % Swing Seats Won Seats Held
  Commonwealth Liberal Party 2,840,420 49.38 +3.83 7 7
  Australian Labor Party 2,802,259 48.72 −1.58 11 29
  Independents 48,699 0.85 −2.51 0 0
  Other 60,819 1.06 0 0
  Total 5,752,197     18 36


Seats changing hands[edit]

Seat Pre-1913 Swing Post-1913
Party Member Margin Margin Member Party
Ballaarat, Vic   Commonwealth Liberal Alfred Deakin 1.1 3.1 0.6 Charles McGrath Labor  
Bendigo, Vic   Commonwealth Liberal John Quick 1.3 3.6 2.0 John Arthur Labor  
Boothby, SA   Commonwealth Liberal David Gordon 7.1 10.8 3.0 George Dankel Labor  
Calare, NSW   Labor Thomas Brown 3.6 5.9 2.1 Henry Pigott Commonwealth Liberal  
Corangamite, Vic   Labor James Scullin 4.7 6.1 2.2 Chester Manifold Commonwealth Liberal  
Corio, Vic   Labor Alfred Ozanne 4.4 5.1 1.8 William Kendell Commonwealth Liberal  
Fremantle, WA   Commonwealth Liberal William Hedges 4.5 11.4 5.8 Reginald Burchell Labor  
Gippsland, Vic   Independent George Wise 12.1 12.7 5.0 James Bennett Commonwealth Liberal  
Hume, NSW   Independent William Lyne 16.4 16.2 0.7 Robert Patten Commonwealth Liberal  
Indi, Vic   Labor Parker Moloney 3.1 3.2 2.2 Cornelius Ahern Commonwealth Liberal  
New England, NSW   Labor Francis Foster 2.7 9.5 6.5 Percy Abbott Commonwealth Liberal  
Oxley, Qld   Commonwealth Liberal Richard Edwards 12.2 N/A 4.4 James Sharpe Labor  
Riverina, NSW   Labor John Chanter 7.0 8.6 1.0 Franc Falkiner Commonwealth Liberal  
Wannon, Vic   Labor John McDougall 5.0 7.8 4.2 Arthur Rodgers Commonwealth Liberal  
Werriwa, NSW   Labor Benjamin Bennett 0.8 6.5 5.9 Alfred Conroy Commonwealth Liberal  
  • Members in italics did not contest their seat at this election.

Post-election pendulum[edit]

GOVERNMENT SEATS
Commonwealth Liberal Party
Marginal
Hume (NSW) Robert Patten LIB 00.7 vs IND
Riverina (NSW) Franc Falkiner LIB 01.0
Corio (Vic) William Kendell LIB 01.8
Calare (NSW) Henry Pigott LIB 02.1
Indi (Vic) Cornelius Ahern LIB 02.2
Corangamite (Vic) Chester Manifold LIB 02.2
Dampier (WA) Henry Gregory LIB 02.6
Perth (WA) James Fowler LIB 03.3
Wakefield (SA) Richard Foster LIB 03.7
Grampians (Vic) Hans Irvine LIB 03.9
Wannon (Vic) Arthur Rodgers LIB 04.2
Lilley (Qld) Jacob Stumm LIB 04.7
Swan (WA) John Forrest LIB 04.9
Gippsland (Vic) James Bennett LIB 05.0 vs IND
Robertson (NSW) William Fleming LIB 05.3
Nepean (NSW) Richard Orchard LIB 05.6
Franklin (Tas) William McWilliams LIB 05.8
Werriwa (NSW) Alfred Conroy LIB 05.9
Fairly safe
New England (NSW) Percy Abbott LIB 06.5
Lang (NSW) Elliot Johnson LIB 07.1
Flinders (Vic) William Irvine LIB 07.8
Eden-Monaro (NSW) Austin Chapman LIB 08.7
Barker (SA) John Livingston LIB 09.0
Safe
Darling Downs (Qld) Littleton Groom LIB 10.0
Moreton (Qld) Hugh Sinclair LIB 10.7
Echuca (Vic) Albert Palmer LIB 11.0
Wentworth (NSW) Willie Kelly LIB 11.7
Kooyong (Vic) Robert Best LIB 11.9 vs IND
Parkes (NSW) Bruce Smith LIB 11.9
Wilmot (Tas) Llewellyn Atkinson LIB 12.6
Balaclava (Vic) Agar Wynne LIB 15.0
Henty (Vic) James Boyd LIB 17.1
Parramatta (NSW) Joseph Cook LIB 18.3
North Sydney (NSW) Granville Ryrie LIB 19.1
Richmond (NSW) Walter Massy-Greene LIB 19.9
Very safe
Wimmera (Vic) Sydney Sampson LIB 21.0
Cowper (NSW) John Thomson LIB 22.2
Angas (SA) Paddy Glynn LIB unopposed
NON-GOVERNMENT SEATS
Australian Labor Party
Marginal
Illawarra (NSW) George Burns ALP 00.2
Ballaarat (Vic) Charles McGrath ALP 00.6
Macquarie (NSW) Ernest Carr ALP 01.6
Grey (SA) Alexander Poynton ALP 02.0
Bendigo (Vic) John Arthur ALP 02.0
Darwin (Tas) King O'Malley ALP 02.1
Gwydir (NSW) William Webster ALP 02.2
Bass (Tas) Jens Jensen ALP 02.4
Boothby (SA) George Dankel ALP 03.0
Denison (Tas) William Laird Smith ALP 03.3
Fawkner (Vic) Joseph Hannan ALP 03.3
Oxley (Qld) James Sharpe ALP 04.4
Hunter (NSW) Matthew Charlton ALP 04.5
Wide Bay (Qld) Andrew Fisher ALP 05.6
Fremantle (WA) Reginald Burchell ALP 05.8
Fairly safe
East Sydney (NSW) John West ALP 06.1
Brisbane (Qld) William Finlayson ALP 06.9
Dalley (NSW) Robert Howe ALP 07.7
Herbert (Qld) Fred Bamford ALP 08.0
Cook (NSW) James Catts ALP 09.9
Safe
Bourke (Vic) Frank Anstey ALP 10.0
Darling (NSW) William Spence ALP 10.5
Maribyrnong (Vic)) James Fenton ALP 10.8
Capricornia (Qld) William Higgs ALP 14.1
Batman (Vic) Frank Brennan ALP 14.9
Maranoa (Qld) Jim Page ALP 15.0
South Sydney (NSW) Edward Riley ALP 15.0
Adelaide (SA) Ernest Roberts ALP 18.4
Very safe
West Sydney (NSW) Billy Hughes ALP 21.3
Melbourne (Vic) William Maloney ALP 21.9 vs IND
Newcastle (NSW) David Watkins ALP 23.8
Kennedy (Qld) Charles McDonald ALP 24.4
Yarra (Vic) Frank Tudor ALP 25.0
Barrier (NSW) Josiah Thomas ALP 26.8
Melbourne Ports (Vic) James Matthews ALP 29.2
Hindmarsh (SA) William Archibald ALP unopposed
Kalgoorlie (WA) Charles Frazer ALP unopposed


See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]