Australian federal election, 1934

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Australian federal election, 1934
Australia
1931 ←
15 September 1934
→ 1937

All 74 seats of the Australian House of Representatives
38 seats were needed for a majority in the House
18 (of the 36) seats of the Australian Senate
  First party Second party
  Joseph Lyons 1.jpg JScullin.jpg
Leader Joseph Lyons James Scullin
Party UAP/Country coalition Labor
Leader since 7 May 1931 26 April 1928
Leader's seat Wilmot Yarra
Last election 50 seats 14 seats
Seats won 42 seats 18 seats
Seat change Decrease8 Increase4
Popular vote 45.58% 26.81%
Percentage Decrease2.77 Decrease0.28

Prime Minister before election

Joseph Lyons
UAP/Country coalition

Elected Prime Minister

Joseph Lyons
UAP/Country coalition

Federal elections were held in Australia on 15 September 1934. All 74 seats in the House of Representatives, and 18 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent United Australia Party led by Prime Minister of Australia Joseph Lyons with coalition partner the Country Party led by Earle Page defeated the opposition Australian Labor Party led by James Scullin. Labor's share of the primary vote fell to an even lower number than in the 1931 election due to the Lang Labor split, but it was able to pick up an extra four seats on preferences and therefore improve on its position. The Coalition suffered an eight-seat swing, forcing Lyons to take the Country Party into his government (the UAP had governed alone in the previous term).

House of Reps (IRV) — 1934–37—Turnout 95.17% (CV) — Informal 3.44%
  Party Votes % Swing Seats Change
  United Australia Party 1,170,978 32.97 −3.13 28 −6
  Australian Labor Party 952,251 26.81 −0.28 18 +4 (1 elected
unopposed)
  Australian Labor Party (NSW) 510,480 14.37 +3.80 9 +5
  Country Party 447,968 12.61 +0.36 14 −2
  Social Credit Party 166,589 4.69 * 0 0
  Liberal & Country League (SA) 142,583 4.01 * 5 +5
  Independents 113,037 3.18 −5.04 0 −1
  Other 47,499 1.34 0 -6
  Total 3,551,385     74 −1
  UAP/Country coalition WIN 42 -8
  Australian Labor Party 18 +4

The member for Northern Territory, Adair Blain (Independent), had voting rights only for issues affecting the Territory, and so is not included in this table.

Senate (P BV) — 1934–37—Turnout 95.03% (CV) — Informal 11.35%
  Party Votes % Swing Seats Won Seats Held Change
  Australian Labor Party 923,151 28.08 −1.18 0 3 −7
  United Australia Party 679,422 20.66 −4.59 10 26 +5
  UAP/Country (Joint Ticket) 599,723 18.24 −11.92 6
  Country Party 470,283 14.30 * 2 7 +2
  Australian Labor Party (NSW) 435,045 13.23 +1.12 0 0 0
  Social Credit Party 91,596 2.79 * 0 0 0
  Communist Party of Australia 73,506 2.24 +1.30 0 0 0
  Independents 15,105 0.46 −1.81 0 0 0
  Total 3,287,831     18 36


Seats changing hands[edit]

Seat Pre-1934 Swing Post-1934
Party Member Margin Margin Member Party
Barker, SA   United Australia Malcolm Cameron N/A 6.4 18.7 Archie Cameron Country  
Bass, Tas   United Australia Allan Guy 14.5 14.8 0.3 Claude Barnard Labor  
Batman, Vic   United Australia Samuel Dennis 14.5 14.8 0.3 Frank Brennan Labor  
Corangamite, Vic   Country William Gibson N/A 7.2 15.7 Geoffrey Street United Australia  
Darling, NSW   Labor Arthur Blakeley N/A 63.5 13.5 Joe Clark Labor (NSW)  
Denison, Tas   United Australia Arthur Hutchin 5.0 5.3 0.3 Gerald Mahoney Labor  
Franklin, Tas   United Australia Archibald Blacklow 13.0 15.4 2.4 Charles Frost Labor  
Fremantle, WA   United Australia William Watson 5.5 6.6 1.1 John Curtin Labor  
Maribyrnong, Vic   United Australia James Fenton 0.4 7.1 6.7 Arthur Drakeford Labor  
Northern Territory, NT   Labor H. G. Nelson N/A 7.5 1.8 Adair Blain Independent  
Werriwa, NSW   Country Walter McNicoll 1.7 3.2 2.5 Bert Lazzarini Labor (NSW)  
  • Members in italics did not contest their seat at this election.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]