Australian federal election, 1993

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Australian federal election, 1993
Australia
1990 ←
13 March 1993 (1993-03-13)
→ 1996

All 147 seats in the Australian House of Representatives
74 seats were needed for a majority in the House
40 (of the 76) seats in the Australian Senate
  First party Second party
  Paul Keating - 2007-crop.jpg No image.svg
Leader Paul Keating John Hewson
Party Labor Liberal/National coalition
Leader since 19 December 1991 (1991-12-19) 3 April 1990 (1990-04-03)
Leader's seat Blaxland Wentworth
Last election 78 seats 69 seats
Seats won 80 seats 65 seats
Seat change Increase2 Decrease4
Popular vote 5,436,421 5,133,033
Percentage 51.44% 48.56%
Swing Increase1.54% Decrease1.54%

Prime Minister before election

Paul Keating
Labor

Elected Prime Minister

Paul Keating
Labor

Federal elections were held in Australia on 13 March 1993. All 147 seats in the House of Representatives, and 40 seats in the 76-member Senate, were up for election. The incumbent Australian Labor Party government led by Prime Minister of Australia Paul Keating defeated the opposition Liberal Party of Australia led by John Hewson with coalition partner the National Party of Australia led by Tim Fischer.

House results[edit]

House of Reps (IRV) — 1993–96 – Turnout 95.75% (CV) — Informal 2.97%
  Party Votes % Swing Seats Change
  Australian Labor Party 4,751,390 44.92 +5.49 80 +2
  Liberal Party of Australia 3,923,786 37.10 +2.06 49 -6
  National Party of Australia 758,036 7.17 -1.25 16 +2
  Australian Democrats 397,060 3.75 -7.51 0 0
  Australian Greens 196,702 1.86 * 0 0
  Independents 328,084 3.10 +0.56 2 +1
  Other 221,721 2.10 -1.21 0 0
  Total 10,576,779     147 -1
  Australian Labor Party WIN 51.44 +1.54 80 +2
  Liberal/National coalition   48.56 -1.54 65 -4

Independents: Ted Mack, Phil Cleary

Senate results[edit]

Senate (STV GV) — 1993–96 – Turnout 96.22% (CV) — Informal 2.55%
  Party Votes % Swing Seats Won Seats Held Change
  Australian Labor Party 4,643,871 43.50 +5.10 17 30 −2
  Liberal/National (Joint Ticket) 2,605,157 24.40 -0.06 6  
  Liberal Party of Australia 1,664,204 15.59 +1.03 11 29 +1
  Australian Democrats 566,944 5.31 -7.32 2 7 −1
  National Party of Australia 290,382 2.72 +0.12 1 6 +1
  Australian Greens 263,106 2.46 +0.43 0 0 0
  WA Greens 53,757 0.50 -0.27 1 2 +1
  Country Liberal Party 35,405 0.33 +0.04 1 1 0
  Harradine Group 32,202 0.30 -0.10 1 1 0
  Other 519,777 4.87 +0.62 0 0 0
  Total 10,674,805     40 76


Seats changing hands[edit]

Seat Pre-1993 Swing Post-1993
Party Member Margin Margin Member Party
Adelaide, SA   Labor Bob Catley 3.7 3.0 1.3 Trish Worth Liberal  
Bass, Tas   Liberal Warwick Smith 4.3 4.5 0.0 Silvia Smith Labor  
Corinella, Vic   Liberal Russell Broadbent 0.7 4.4 3.7 Alan Griffin Labor  
Cowan, WA   Labor Carolyn Jakobsen 0.9 1.8 0.9 Richard Evans Liberal  
Dunkley, Vic   Liberal Frank Ford 1.2 1.6 0.6 Bob Chynoweth Labor  
Franklin, Tas   Liberal Bruce Goodluck 2.1 9.5 7.4 Harry Quick Labor  
Gilmore, NSW   National John Sharp 4.4 1.1 0.5 Peter Knott Labor  
Grey, SA   Labor Lloyd O'Neil 6.5 4.3 2.1 Barry Wakelin Liberal  
Hindmarsh, SA   Labor John Scott 5.3 2.8 1.6 Christine Gallus Liberal  
Hinkler, Qld   Labor Brian Courtice 4.0 4.2 0.2 Paul Neville National  
Kennedy, Qld   Labor Rob Hulls 1.4 4.8 2.6 Bob Katter National  
Lowe, NSW   Liberal Bob Woods 0.6 4.5 5.0 Mary Easson Labor  
Lyons, Tas   Liberal Max Burr 2.1 5.6 3.8 Dick Adams Labor  
Macquarie, NSW   Liberal Alasdair Webster 3.6 2.2 0.1 Maggie Deahm Labor  
McEwen, Vic   Liberal Fran Bailey 3.2 3.9 0.7 Peter Cleeland Labor  
McMillan, Vic   Liberal John Riggall 4.4 4.8 0.4 Barry Cunningham Labor  
Paterson, NSW   Liberal notional – new seat 0.1 3.4 3.1 Bob Horne Labor  
Stirling, WA   Labor Ron Edwards 0.1 1.7 1.5 Eoin Cameron Liberal  
  • Members in italics did not contest their seat at this election

Background[edit]

This was the first election after the full totality of the late 80s/early 90s recession. The opposition Liberal Party was led by John Hewson a Professor of Economics who succeeded Liberal leader Andrew Peacock in 1990. In 1991 the Opposition launched Fightback!, a radical prescription of tough, economically "dry" measures, including a radical overhaul of Medicare and Industrial Relations. But the contentious 15 percent Goods and Services Tax (GST) was the centrepiece of the campaign. Hewson had been forced by pressure group activity and public opinion to exempt food from the proposed GST. The complexity surrounding what food was and wasn't to be exempt from the GST, and John Hewson's subsequent difficulty in explaining this to the Australian electorate was exemplified in the infamous birthday cake interview, considered by some as a turning point in the whole campaign.

For the first time since the 1966 election, an incumbent government had increased their two-party preferred vote.

There was an unusual circumstance in the seat of Dickson. One of the candidates, an independent, died very shortly before the election, making it necessary to hold a supplementary election on 17 April. Following the return of the Labor Party to government, Keating announced the makeup of his new ministry to be sworn in on 24 March, but kept the portfolio of Attorney-General open for Michael Lavarch subject to him winning Dickson on 17 April. He won the seat, and was appointed to the ministry on 27 April.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]