Australian feminist art timeline
Australian feminist art timeline lists exhibitions, artists, artworks and milestones that have contributed to discussion and development of feminist art in Australia. The timeline focuses on the impact of feminism on Australian contemporary art. It was initiated by The View From Here: 19 Perspectives on Feminism, an exhibition and publishing project held at West Space as part of the 2010 Next Wave Festival.
1974 Women's Art Movement (Feminist art movement) formed in Sydney by Babara Hall and others
1974 Exhibition: A Room of One's Own: Three Women Artists Ewing Gallery, University of Melbourne, co-curated by Kiffy Rubbo, Lynne Cooke and Janine Burke Artists: Lesley Dumbrell, Julie Irving, Ann Newmarch
1975 American feminist writer Lucy R. Lippard conducts Australian lecture tour.
1975 Exhibition: Australian Women Artists: 1840–1940, Ewing Gallery and George Paton Galleries, University of Melbourne; Art Gallery of NSW; Newcastle Region Art Gallery; Art Gallery of South Australia, curated by Janine Burke.
1975 Victorian Women's Art Movement founded Women's Art Register
1975 Women's Art Register established in Melbourne. One of the founders was painter Erica McGilchrist.
1975 Artwork: Ann Newmarch Vietnam Madonna
1975 Hecate: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Women's Liberation established, edited by Carole Ferrier (1975–present)
1975 Women's Studies Resource Centre established, Adelaide, South Australia
1976 Launch of Melbourne-based art journal LIP A Journal of Women in the Visual Arts (1975–1983).
1976 Women's Art Movement established, Adelaide, South Australia 
1978 Artwork: Ann Newmarch, Women hold up half the sky! 1978
1978 Exhibition: The Women's Show, Experimental Art Foundation, Adelaide
1978–80 Performance: Lyndal Jones, The At Home Series, performances in the series held at La Mama Theatre, Melbourne, George Paton Gallery, University of Melbourne, RMIT, Melbourne, 110 Chambers Street, New York
1980 Artwork: Davida Allen painted her sexual fantasy pictures of actor Sam Neill. While the paintings followed in the tradition of the Burt Reynolds nude centrefold in Cosmopolitan in 1972, in 1980s Australia the artist raised eyebrows for depicting a man as a sex object.
1980 Performance: Bonita Ely, Bread Line, Anzart, Christchurch, New Zealand
1980 Performance: Bonita Ely, Murray River Punch, George Paton and Ewing Gallery, Melbourne University. Women at Work, a festival of women's performance art.
1980 Performance: Jill Orr, Split- Fragile Relationships, George Paton and Ewing Gallery, Melbourne University. Women at Work, a festival of women's performance art.
1980 Women at Work : a week of women's performance, June 1980. George Paton and Ewing Gallery, Melbourne University. Artists included Jill Orr and Bonita Ely.
1982 Rosalie Gascoigne is the first female artist to represent Australia at the Venice Biennale
1982 NSW Women and Arts Festival, October 1982, included more than 1,000 events throughout New South Wales and initiated a national research project about women in the arts. A Women’s Arts Fellowship was awarded to an outstanding female artist/arts worker by the NSW Government for the next few years.
1983 Janine Burke's Joy Hester published.
1984 Artwork: Julie Rrap, Persona and Shadows (series), 1984, photographic collage
1985 Project: Coordinated by Carolyn Lewens and five photographers from Lewen's TAFE women's photography course, Prahran Neighbourhood House women's photography project, 1985, photographic panels documenting the activities of women at the Neighbourhood House under certain themes including child-care, after school activities, home environments and porttraits.
1986 Publication: Australian Women Photographers 1840-1960, Barbara Hall and Jenni Mather
1987 Exhibition: Feminist Narratives, George Paton Gallery, curated by Juliana Engberg. Artists: Pat Brassington, Debra Dawes, Leah MacKinnon, Andrea Paton, Ann Wulf.
1989 Artwork: Something More by Tracey Moffatt.
1991 Exhibition: Frames of Reference: Aspects of Feminism and Art, Artspace, Sydney, curated by Sally Couacaud. Artists: Kathy Temin, Susan Norrie, Vivienne Binns, Rebecca Cummins, Anne MacDonald 
1991 Manifesto: VNS Matrix (Virginia Barratt, Francesca da Rimini, Juliane Pierce, Josephine Starrs), Cyberfeminist Manifesto for the 21st Century, Adelaide.  The manifesto was distributed on street posters around Adelaide. VNS Matrix was an artist collective founded in Adelaide and active 1991–1997. VNS Matrix is pronounced 'Venus Matrix'.
1992 Exhibition: Feminisms: An Exhibition of 27 Women Artists, PICA, Perth, curated by Nikki Miller.
1994 Exhibition: The Women's Show, Sutton Gallery, Melbourne
1994 WandA (Women and Arts) established in Brisbane by founding members Edwina Bartleme, Brona Keenan, Tracey Benson, Rosz Craig
1995 Exhibition WWWO : Wollongong Worlds Women Online, first national Australian online women's group exhibition, featuring the first or early digital works from 30 women including Francis Dyson and Mez Breeze. Curators Melinda Rackham, Louise Manner, Ali Smith, Sandy Indlekofer-O’Sullivan.
1995 Exhibition: VNS Matrix: ALL NEW GEN, (VNS Matrix: Virginia Barratt, Francesca da Rimini, Juliane Pierce, Josephine Starrs), ACCA, Melbourne. Part of the National Women's Art Exhibition.
1995 Exhibition: In the Company of Women: 100 years of Australian women's art from the Cruthers Collection, PICA, Perth, curated by Sarah Miller. Part of the National Women's Art Exhibition.
1995 Exhibition: Bur-ran-gur ang (court out): Women and the law, Lawrence Wilson Art Gallery, Perth, curated by Annette Pedersen. Part of the National Women's Art Exhibition.
1995 Exhibition: Out of the Void: Mad and Bad Women, Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane, touring Queensland. Part of the National Women's Art Exhibition.
1995 Exhibition: Girls Girls Girls, Annandale Galleries, Sydney, also Orange Regional Gallery. Women's show to mark the 20th Anniversary of the United Nations, Year of the Woman.
1996 Manifesto: VNS Matrix (Virginia Barratt, Francesca da Rimini, Juliane Pierce, Josephine Starrs) Bitch Mutant Manifesto, Adelaide.
1996 Exhibition: Women Hold Up Half the Sky: the Orientation of Art in the Post-War Pacific, Monash University Gallery, Melbourne, curated by Roger Butler. Artists: Micky Allan, Vivienne Binns, Kate Daw, eX de Medici, Diena Georgetti, Joan Grounds, Helga Groves, Indulkana Community, Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Narell Jubelin, Maningrida Arts, Banduk Marika, Ann Newmarch, Margaret Preston, Thancoupie, Kelly Thompson, Utopia Batik, Toni Warburton, Judy Watson, Robin White 
1996 Exhibition: Inside the Visible, Boston: ICA/ MIT: Kanaal Art Foundation, and Touring to Whitechapel, London, and PICA, Perth, Australia, curated by Catherine de Zegher (USA)
1997 Ann Newmarch first living female artist to be given a Retrospective exhibition at the Art Gallery of South Australia The Personal is Political in 1997.
1997 Exhibition: Difficult Territory: a postfeminist project, Artspace, Sydney, curated by Kristen Elsby 
1999 Australian feminist art historians Joan Kerr & Jo Holder publish Past present : the national women's art anthology
2003 Australian feminist academic Germaine Greer publishes The Beautiful Boy.
2004 Artwork: Mary Lou Pavlovic Liar! Public Art, Melbourne
2004 Death of Gabrielle Pizzi, widely admired dealer in contemporary aboriginal art.
2004 Death of Joan Kerr (1938–2004), Australian art historian
2006 Exhibition: Feminist Actions, Spacement, Melbourne, curated by Veronica Tello. Artists: Andrew Atchison, Pia de Bruyn, Sue Dodd, Sarah Lynch, Alex Martinis Roe, Ali Sanderson, Jessie Scott
2007 Exhibition: Bird Girls, Margaret Lawrence Gallery, VCA, curated by Kate Daw and Vikki McInnes. Artists: Fiona Abicare, Jessie Angwin, Cate Consandine, Danielle Freakley, Kate Just, Simone Slee, Andrea Tu
2007 Forum: Feminism Never Happened, Gertrude Contemporary Art Spaces, Melbourne. Panelists included: Julie Rrap, Alex Martinus Roe, Ann Marsh, Lily Hibberd, Felicity Coleman, Lyndall Walker, Emily Cormack
2007-8 Exhibition: Girl Parade, ACP, Sydney, curated by Bec Dean, artists: ANOUSH ABRAR (IRAN) & AIMÉE HOVING (NETHERLANDS), BIANCA BARLING (SA), ANTHEA BEHM (NSW), BROWN COUNCIL (NSW), KELLI CONNELL (USA), PILAR MATA DUPONT & TARRYN GILL (WA), KARINA GRUNDY (SA), EJ MAJOR (UK), BELINDA MASON (NSW), TATJANA PLITT (VIC), NARINDA REEDERS (VIC), TOMOKO SAWADA (JAPAN) AND JUSTENE WILLIAMS (NSW).
2008 Exhibition: Lauren Berkowitz/ Starlie Geikie, Neon Parc, Melbourne, curated by Rebecca Coates.
2008 Exhibition: A Time Like This, VCA Margaret Lawrence Gallery, Melbourne. Curated by Samantha Comte, Jirra Lulla Harvey, Kate Rhodes and Meredith Turnbull. Artists: Louisa Bufardeci, Bindi Cole, Lorraine Connelly-Northey, Eliza Hutchison, Wietske Maas, Kate Smith, Salote Tawale, Annie Wu.
2008 Exhibition: Emily Floyd, Temple of the Female Eunuch, Anna Schwartz Gallery, Melbourne.
2008 Exhibition: Girls, Girls, Girls, Carlton Hotel, Melbourne, curated by Lyndal Walker and Nat Thomas.
2008 Essay: On Rage by Germaine Greer, academic, social commentator and collector of Aboriginal art.
2008 Nicole Kidman names her child after arts patron Sunday Reed (1905–1981).
2010 Exhibition: A Different Temporality: Aspects of Australian Feminist Art Practice 1975-1985, Monash University, Melbourne 
2010 Exhibition: Feminism Never Happened, IMA, Brisbane. Artists: Del Kathryn Barton, Pat Brassington, Kirsty Bruce, Jacqueline Fraser, Anastasia Klose, Fiona Lowry, Fiona Pardington, Yvonne Todd, and Jemima Wyman 
2010 Exhibition: The View From Here: 19 Perspectives on Feminism, West Space, Melbourne. Curated by Clare Rae and Victoria Bennett.Artists: Jessie Angwin, Kiera Brew Kurec, Brown Council, Madeleine Donovan, Mariam Haji, Hannah Raisin, Jessie Scott, Hayley Forward and Jessica Olivieri with the Parachutes for Ladies. Writers: Emilie Zoey Baker, Laura Castagnini, Tamsin Green, Anna Greer, Rachel Fuller, Jo Latham, Dunja Rmandic, Daine Singer, Nella Themelios.
2010 Death of Eva Breuer, at the time one of the major dealers of secondary market Australian paintings. Breuer was one of the few dealers stocking works by notable, lesser known twentieth century female Australian artists: Bessie Davidson, Margaret Cilento, Janet Cumbrae Stewart, Margo Lewers, Jean Bellette, Dorrit Black, Lina Bryans, Nora Heysen, Mirka Mora, Florence Rodway, Jane Sutherland.
2010 Exhibition: The Feminist Salon Group, The Envelope Residency, The West Wing, West Space Project Site, Melbourne. Coordinated by Caroline Phillips and Sarah Lynch. A week long residency by a group of artists and writers engaged with reading and discussing feminist texts, in particular the work of Luce Irigaray. The residency included performance, film, visual art, sound, reading, discussion and a lecture by Dr. Louise Burchill. Participants included Sharon Billinge, Dr. Louise Burchill, Victoria Duckett, Catherine Evans, Janice Gobey, Kate Hodgetts, Kate Just, Anastasia Klose, Angie de Latour, Sarah Lynch, Valentina Palonen, Caroline Phillips, Hannah Raisin, Caroline Thew, Inez de Vega and Jane Whitfid.
2012 Exhibtiion: No Added Sugar, Casula Powerhouse Arts Centre, NSW 
2012 Exhibition: Contemporary Australia: Women, Queensland Art Gallery: Gallery of Modern Art, Brisbane. Artists: Amata painters: senior artists, Tjampawa Katie Kawiny; Wawiriya Burton; Ruby Tjangawa Williamson; Iluwanti Ken; Tjungkara Ken; Paniny Mick, Rebecca Baumann, Lauren Brincat, Brown Council, Kirsty Bruce, Bindi Cole, Agatha Gothe-Snape, Marie Hagerty, Fiona Hall, Natalya Hughes, Ruth Hutchinson, Deborah Kelly, Justine Khamara, Anastasia Klose, Gabriella Mangano and Silvana Mangano, Jennifer Mills, Kate Mitchell, Rose Nolan Jess Olivieri and Hayley Forward with Parachutes for Ladies, Therese Ritchie, Sandra Selig, Noël Skrzypczak, Sally Smart, Soda_Jerk, Wakartu Cory Surprise, Hiromi Tango, Monika Tichacek, Jenny Watson, Judy Watson, Louise Weaver, Justene Williams, Gosia Wlodarczak and Judith Wright. Curated by Julie Ewington.
2012 Guerrilla Girls public lecture and workshop at the Victorian College of the Arts in Melbourne. Part of a wider discursive project about humour in feminist art curated by Laura Castagnini and Vikki McInnes through the NAVA Curatorial Mentorship Initiative.
2012 Exhibition: Kate Just, Venus Was Her Name, Kunsthalle Krems, Austria.
2012 Exhibition: Feminage - The logic of Feminist Collage, The Cross Art Projects, Sydney. Artists: Karla Dickens, Elizabeth Gower, Emily Hunt, Mehwish Iqbal, Deborah Kelly, Fiona MacDonald, Paula do Prado, Sangeeta Sandrasegar, Sally Smart, Tai Snaith, Nancy Spero, Jemima Wyman. Curator: Jo Holder with assistant curator Sofia Freeman 
2012 Exhibition: The Baker's Dozen, curated by Lorna Grear, UTS Gallery, The University of Technology, Sydney
2012 Exhibition: SEXES, Performance Space, Carriageworks, Sydney. Artists: Christian Thompson, Cigdem Aydemir, Eric Bridgeman, Jessica Olivieri and the Parachutes for Ladies, John Meade, Julie Rrap, LEVEL, Liam Benson, Luke Parker & Sangeeta Sandrasegar, Marley Dawson, Natalya Hughes, Paul Knight, Philip Brophy, The Kingpins, Tarryn Gill & Pilar Mata Dupont, Tracey Moffatt & Gary Hillberg, Trevor Fry. Curated by Bec Dean, Deborah Kelly and Jeff Khan. Exhibition accompanied by multi-disciplinary program of dance, performance, lectures, film and parties, and extensive catalogue.
2012 A Dinner Party: setting the table. Curated by Victoria Duckett and Caroline Phillips. A feminist residency at West Space, Melbourne, including workshops, film programs, forums and exhibition of feminist art archive. Participants included Kate Just, Jon Dale, Danni Zuvela, Marcia Jane, Virginia Fraser, Kate MacNeill, Stephanie Alexander, Lyndal Walker, Victoria Bennett, Anne Marsh, Catherine Deveney, Laura Castagnini and Inez de Vega.
2013 The F Word - Regional Feminist Art Forum, La Trobe Visual Art Centre, Bendigo. Curated by Caroline Phillips. Panel of speakers including Juliette Peers, Filomena Coppola and Virginia Fraser, with a workshop facilitated by Inez de Vega, exploring Regional Feminist Art issues.
2013 BACKFLIP: Feminism and Humour in Contemporary Art, Margaret Lawrence Gallery, Victorian College of the Arts, Melbourne. Artists: Catherine Bell, Melanie Bonajo, Brown Council, Catherine or Kate, Patty Chang, Guerrilla Girls, Hotham Street Ladies, Alice Lang, Louise Lawler, Tracey Moffatt, Nat & Ali, Frances (Budden) Phoenix, Pushpamala N, Hannah Raisin, Pipilotti Rist, Mika Rottenberg, Christian Thompson and Paul Yore. Curated by Laura Castagnini. Exhibition accompanied by extensive publication, a program of panel discussions and performances, and the on site VCA Video Lounge; an archive of funny feminist videos made by former students during their time at the VCA School of Art.
2013 Contemporary Art and Feminism (CAF) launched, 30 October, Sydney College of the Arts. An independent platform for art, scholarship and activism, instigated by Catriona Moore, Jacqueline Millner, and Jo Holder.
Art historians in the field of Australian feminist art
- Jude Adams
- Caroline Ambrus
- Barbara Bolt
- Janine Burke
- Anita Callaway
- Lynne Cooke
- Elizabeth Gertsakis
- Janda Gooding
- Germaine Greer
- Elizabeth Grosz
- Pat Hoffie
- Jo Holder
- Jeanette Hoorn
- Caroline Jordan
- Anne Kirker
- Sandy Kirby (−2011)
- Joan Kerr (1938–2004)
- Kate MacNeill
- Anne Marsh
- Catriona Moore
- Juliette Peers
- Helen Topliss
- Anna Voigt
- Visual arts of Australia
- Australian artist-run initiatives
- Indigenous Australian art
- List of Australian artists
- [dead link]
- Anne Kirker in Delia Gaze (ed) Dictionary of women artists, Volume 1 (Fitzroy Dearborn: USA, 1997), p.262
- "BINNS , Vivienne | Vag Dens". National Gallery of Australia. Retrieved 2014-05-08.
- "Women's Art Movement (1976 - )". The Australian Women's Register. Retrieved 2014-05-08.
- Juliana Engberg, 'Breadline: Women and Food', ArtlinkVol19, No4, Australia.
- Women at Work : a week of women's performance, exhibition catalogue (George Paton Gallery: Melbourne, 1980)
- Betty Churcher appointed
- Moore, A. (1991) "Indecent Exposures: Twenty years of Australian Feminist Photography", St Leonards: Allen and Unwin.
- "Betty Churcher - Introduction". Australianbiography.gov.au. Retrieved 2014-05-08.
- Juliana Engberg, Feminist Narratives, exhibition catalogue, (George Paton Gallery: Melbourne, 1987)
- Kate MacNeill, 'When historic time meets Julia Kristeva's women's time: the reception of Judy Chicago's The Dinner Party in Australia' Outskirts, Vol 18, May 2008
- "Betty Churcher - Biographical Information". Australianbiography.gov.au. Retrieved 2014-05-08.
- Frames of Reference: Aspects of Feminism and Art(exhibition catalogue. Australia: Sydney: Artspace, 15 Aug-29 Sept 1991)
- [dead link]
- "VNS Matrix: Biography". Medien Kunst Netz (Media Art Net). Retrieved 2014-05-08.
- Site lost, some documentation here
- Jo Holder (ed) The national women's art exhibition : a great collaborative exhibition, (Uni of NSW COFA: Sydney, 1995)
- Joan Kerr & Jo Holder (eds) Past present : the national women's art anthology, (Craftsman House: Sydney, 1999)
- "Beyond the picket fence: Australian women's art in the National Library's collections". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 2014-05-08.
- Women Hold Up Half the Sky: the Orientation of Art in the Post-War Pacific (Melbourne, Victoria: Monash University Gallery, 1996)
- Catherine de Zegher (Ed.)Inside the Visible An Elliptical Traverse of 20th Century Art in, of, and From the Feminine, MIT: USA, 1996
- Difficult Territory: a postfeminist project, exhibition catalogue (Australia, Sydney: Artspace and Woolloomooloo, Visual Art Centre, 1997.)
- Merren Ricketson, Australian Women's Art Register – The Bulletin, 30 August 1999
- [dead link]
- Rebecca Coates, Neo-neo feminisms, catalogue essay, Neon Parc, Melbourne, 2008
- Emily Cormack, review 'Girls, Girls, Girls,' Artlink, Vol29, No1, Australia
- Elizabeth Grosz, Chaos, Territory, Art: Deleuze and the Framing of the Earth (Columbia UP: New York, 2008)
- Melissa Miles, Art Monthly, "Whose Art Counts?" Issue 224, 2009
- Sarah Rodigari Interviews CoUNTess Runway, Issue 18, 2011
- "A Different Temporality: Aspects of Australian Feminist Art Practice 1975-1985". Monash University. 2013-02-13. Retrieved 2014-05-08.
- [dead link]
- "Feminism Never Happened". IMA - Institute of Modern Art. Retrieved 2014-05-08.
- "No Added Sugar". Casula Powerhouse. 2012-07-08. Retrieved 2014-05-08.
- "Feminage. The logic of feminist collage — 2 August to 15 Sept 2012". The Cross Art Projects. 2012-09-15. Retrieved 2014-05-08.
- Jenny Barber, Women's Movement South Australia, (Experimental Art Foundation: Adelaide, 1980) ISBN 0-949836-03-6
- Janine Burke, Field of Vision: A Decade of Change: Women's Art in the 1970s (Viking: Victoria, 1990)
- Barbara Caine, Australian Feminism: A Companion, (Oxford University Press: Melbourne, 1998) ISBN 0-19-553818-8.
- Jeanette Hoorn, Strange Women : Essays in Art and Gender (Melbourne University Press: Melbourne, 1994)
- Jane Kent(ed.), Setting the pace: the Women's Art Movement, 1980–1983, (Women's Art Movement: Adelaide, 1984)
- Joan Kerr(ed.), Heritage: The National Women's Art Book, 500 Works by 500 Australian Women Artists from Colonial times to 1955, (Craftsman House, Sydney 1995)
- Joan Kerr & Jo Holder (eds) Past present : the national women's art anthology, (Craftsman House: Sydney, 1999)
- Sandy Kirby, Sight lines : women's art and feminist perspectives in Australia (Craftsman House, Sydney in association with Gordon and Breach, New York, 1992)
- Catriona Moore, Indecent Exposures: Twenty Years of Feminist Photography in Australia,1970–1990 (Allen & Unwin: Sydney, 1993)
- Anne Marsh Body and Self : Performance Art in Australia,1969–1992, (Oxford University Press: Australia, 1993)
- Anne Marsh Difference: A Radical Approach to Women and Art, (Women's Art Movement: Adelaide, 1985)
- Catriona Moore (ed.), Dissonance: Feminism and the arts 1970–90, (Allen & Unwin: Sydney, 1994)
- Helen Topliss, Modernism and feminism : Australian women artists, 1900–1940, (Craftsman House: Sydney, 1996)
- Anna Voigt (ed.), New Visions, New Perspectives: Voice of Contemporary Australian Women Artists