Australian landing ship medium Brudenell White (AV 1354)

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Career (United States)
Name: LSM-477
Builder: Brown Shipbuilding Co., Houston, Texas
Commissioned: 3 April 1945
Decommissioned: 15 May 1946
Struck: 15 May 1946
Fate: sold to Australia
Career (Australia) Flag of Australia.svg
Name: Brudenell White (AV 1354)
Namesake: General Sir Brudenell White
Acquired: 16 July 1959
Decommissioned: 30 September 1971
Struck: September 1971
Fate: renamed Paclog Utility, sunk off Cambodia by mine
General characteristics
Class & type: LSM-1 Class Landing Ship Medium
Displacement: 638 tons
Length: 203 ft (62 m)
Beam: 34 ft (10 m)
Draft: 6 ft (1.8 m) light, 5 ft (1.5 m) loaded
Propulsion: two Fairbanks Morse 18 cylinder opposed piston diesels, each 1,900 hp (1,400 kW), twin screws
Speed: 14.5 knots (26.9 km/h)
Range: 5,000 nmi (9,300 km; 5,800 mi)
Capacity: Up to 306 tons, including four Centurion tanks
Complement: 2 officers, 25 men
Sensors and
processing systems:
Radar
Armament: 1 × 40mm gun, 4 × 20mm gun mounts
Armour: 10-lb. STS splinter shield to gun mounts, pilot house and conning station

The Australian landing ship medium Brudenell White (AV 1354) was a United States Navy landing ship medium which was later sold to Australia and operated by the Australian Army.

The ship was built by the Brown Shipbuilding Company in Houston, Texas and was commissioned into the United States Navy (USN) as USS LSM-477 on 3 April 1945. She was assigned to the Pacific Theater of Operations and performed occupation duty following the end of the war. She was decommissioned on 15 May 1946 and laid up in the Pacific Reserve Fleet.

The ship was purchased by the Australian Army on 16 July 1959 and was named Brudenell White (AV 1353) in honour of the Australian World War II general Brudenell White. The ship was one of four LSMs operated by the newly formed 32nd Small Ship Squadron, Royal Australian Engineers and was refitted in Japan before she arrived in Australia on 31 December 1959. From 1960 to 1970 she performed routine duties in support of the Australian Army, and carried equipment between ports in Australia, New Guinea, Malaysia and New Zealand.

The ship made her first deployment to a war zone in September 1970 when she sailed to Vung Tau in South Vietnam. She operated in South Vietnamese waters for about a month and returned to Sydney in November. She commenced a second voyage to South Vietnam in March 1971 but this was cancelled while she was en route.

Brudenell White was decommissioned on 30 September 1971 when the 32nd Small Ship Squadron was disbanded. She was sold to Pacific Logistics in September 1971 and was renamed Paclog Utility. The ship sunk when she struck a mine off the coast of Cambodia while being towed to her new operators there.

References[edit]

  • Gillett, Ross. "Australia's Medium Landing Ships. The Galloping Green Ghosts". Australian Warship Review (9/2001). 
  • Priolo, Gary P. "Landing Ship Medium LSM-477". NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive. Retrieved 2008-01-13.