Australian non-residential architectural styles

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For residential styles, see Australian residential architectural styles.

Australian non-residential architectural styles are a set of Australian architectural styles that apply to buildings used for purposes other than residence and have been around only since the first colonial government buildings of early European settlement of Australia in 1788.

Their distribution follows closely the establishment and growth of the different colonies of Australia, in that the earliest colonial buildings can be found in New South Wales and Tasmania.

The following classifications are derived from Apperley, Irving and Reynolds (1989):

Contents

Old Colonial Period (1788–c. 1840)[edit]

  • Old Colonial Georgian; Old Colonial Regency; Old Colonial Grecian; Old Colonial Gothic Picturesque

Georgian[edit]

Regency[edit]

Grecian[edit]

Gothic Picturesque[edit]

Victorian Period (c. 1840–c. 1890)[edit]

15 styles all prefaced by "Victorian":

Georgian, Regency, Egyptian, Academic Classical, Free Classical, Filigree, Mannerist, Second Empire, Italianate, Romanesque, Academic Gothic, Free Gothic, Tudor, Rustic Gothic, Carpenter Gothic

Georgian[edit]

Regency[edit]

Egyptian[edit]

Academic Classical[edit]

Free Classical[edit]

Filigree[edit]

Mannerist[edit]

Notable examples in Australia include: Culwulla Chambers (Sydney); Former Rocks Police Station (Sydney); Block Arcade (Melbourne); Stalbridge Chambers (Melbourne), National Bank Pall Mall (Bendigo); RESI Chambers (Melbourne); Lygon Buildings, Medley Hall (Carlton, Victoria); Former Money Order Post Office and Savings Bank (Melbourne); Mutual Store (Melbourne);

Second Empire[edit]

Notable examples include: Sydney Town Hall (Sydney); Hotel Windsor (Melbourne); Princess Theatre (Melbourne); Former Records Office (Melbourne); Melbourne General Post Office (Melbourne); Melbourne Town Hall (Melbourne); East Melbourne Synagogue (East Melbourne, Victoria); Royal Exhibition Building (Carlton, Victoria); Collingwood Town Hall (Collingwood, Victoria); South Melbourne Town Hall (South Melbourne, Victoria); Malvern Town Hall (Malvern, Victoria); Former Rechabite Hall (Phahran, Victoria); Brunswick Town Hall (Brunswick, Victoria); Camberwell Town Hall (Camberwell, Victoria); Bendigo Town Hall (Bendigo, Victoria); Shamrock Hotel (Bendigo Victoria); Bendigo Courthouse (Bendigo, Victoria); Bendigo Post Office (Bendigo, Victoria); Institute of Technology (Bendigo, Victoria); Queensland Parliament House (Brisbane)

Italianate[edit]

Romanesque[edit]

Academic Gothic[edit]

Free Gothic[edit]

Tudor (Jacobethan)[edit]

Rustic Gothic[edit]

Carpenter Gothic[edit]

Federation Period (c. 1890–c. 1915)[edit]

12 styles, each style name prefaced by "Federation":

Academic Classical, Free Classical, Filigree, Anglo-Dutch, Romanesque, Gothic, Carpenter Gothic, Warehouse, Queen Anne, Free Style, Arts and Crafts, Bungalow

Academic Classical[edit]

Free Classical[edit]

Notable examples include: Sydney Hospital (Sydney); Taronga Zoo Pavilion (Sydney); Sydney Central Station (Sydney); Flinders Street Station (Melbourne); Sacred Heart Church (St Kilda, Victoria); Read's Emporium (Prahran, Victoria); Old Royal Hotel (Williamstown, Victoria); Former Queensland Lands Administration Building (Brisbane)

Second Empire[edit]

Filigree[edit]

Anglo-Dutch[edit]

Romanesque[edit]

Gothic[edit]

Carpenter Gothic[edit]

Warehouse[edit]

Queen Anne[edit]

Free Style[edit]

Arts and Crafts[edit]

Bungalow[edit]

Inter-War Period (c. 1915–c. 1940)[edit]

16 styles, each style name prefaced by "Inter-War":

Georgian Revival, Academic Classical, Free Classical, Beaux-Arts, Stripped Classical, Commercial Palazzo, Mediterranean, Spanish Mission, Chicagoesque, Functionalist & Modern, Art-Deco, Skyscraper Gothic, Romanesque, Interwar Gothic, Old English, California Bungalow

Georgian Revival[edit]

Academic Classical[edit]

Free Classical[edit]

Beaux Arts[edit]

Stripped Classical[edit]

Commercial Palazzo[edit]

Mediterranean[edit]

Art Deco[edit]

Skyscraper Gothic[edit]

Chicagoesque[edit]

Functionalist & Moderne[edit]

Interwar Gothic[edit]

Old English (20th Century Tudorbethan)[edit]

Functionalist & Moderne[edit]

The functionist and moderne style often used combinations of blonde and brown bricks in linear vertical or horizontal patterns. Notable examples include: Museum of Contemporary Art (Sydney); Captain's Flat Hotel (NSW); Russell Street Police Headquarters (Melbourne); Astor Theatre (St Kilda, Victoria); Ballarat Law Courts (Ballarat);

Post-War Period (c. 1940–1960)[edit]

5 styles, each style name prefaced by "Post-War":

Ecclesiastical, International, Modern

Ecclesiastical[edit]

International[edit]

Modern[edit]

Main article: Modern architecture

Late Twentieth-Century Period 1960–2000[edit]

14 styles, each style name prefaced by "Late Twentieth Century":

Stripped Classical, Ecclesiastical, International, Organic, Brutalist, Structuralist, Late Modern, Post Modern, Immigrants' Nostalgic

Stripped Classical[edit]

Ecclesiastical[edit]

International[edit]

Organic[edit]

Brutalist[edit]

Notable examples include: Sydney Masonic Centre/Civic Tower (Sydney); AAPT Centre (Sydney); Sydney Law School (Sydney); Cameron Offices (Canberra); High Court of Australia (Canberra); State Library of Queensland (Brisbane); Queensland Performing Arts Centre (Brisbane); Law Courts (Brisbane); Suncorp Metway Plaza (Brisbane); National Gallery of Victoria (Melbourne); Total carpark (Melbourne); World Trade Center (Melbourne); Harold Holt Memorial Swimming Pool (Malvern, Victoria); St Kilda Public Library (St Kilda, Victoria); Plumbing Trades Employees Union of Australia Building (Melbourne); University of Melbourne Faculty of Engineering (Melbourne); Metropolitan Fire Brigade (East Melbourne, Victoria); R.A.W. Woodgate Centre (Kew, Victoria); UTS Tower (University of Technology, Sydney); St Anthony's Church (Marsfield, Sydney). See Category:Brutalist architecture in Australia.

Structuralist[edit]

Late Modern[edit]

Post Modern[edit]

A subset of postmodernism is mock-historicism tries to imitate historic styles using modern materials to the point where it is difficult to tell them apart from historic buildings. The most imitated styles are those that are easiest to clone (including the Georgian style).

Deconstructivist[edit]

Main article: Deconstructivism

Notable examples include Green Building RMIT; Deakin University main building; Australian Centre for Contemporary Art; Gottlieb House (Melbourne)

Immigrant's Nostalgic[edit]

21st-century architecture[edit]

Several new and continued 20th-century styles, all prefaced with "21st-century" - Deconstructivist, Post modern, Structuralist, Sustainable, Modern

Deconstructivist[edit]

Main article: Deconstructivism

Notable examples include Fed Square; Shrine of Remembrance crypt; Sofo House (Melbourne) Swan Bells (Perth)

Post Modern[edit]

Structuralist[edit]

Advanced structuralism facilitated by Computer Aided Design

Sustainable[edit]

Notable examples in Australia include: 60L (Melbourne); CH2 (Melbourne); K2 Apartments (Windsor, Victoria); Dunc Gray Velodrome (Sydney); Forest EcoCentre (Tasmania); Rozak House (Noonamah, Northern Territory).

Green building[edit]

Modern[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Apperly, Richard; Robert Irving; Peter Reynolds (1989). A pictorial guide to identifying Australian architecture (Paperback, 1994 ed.). Sydney, Australia: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-207-18562-5. 

External links[edit]