Australian one dollar coin

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One dollar
Australia
Value 1.00 AUD
Mass 9.00 g
Diameter 25.00 mm
Thickness 3.00 mm
Edge interrupted milled 0.25 mm 77 notches
Composition 92% Copper, 6% Aluminium, 2% Nickel
Years of minting 1984–present
Catalog number -
Obverse
Designer Ian Rank-Broadley
Design date 1999
Reverse
Australian $1 Coin.png
Design Five Kangaroos
Designer Stuart Devlin
Design date 1983

The Australian one dollar coin is the second-most valuable denomination coin of the Australian dollar after the two dollar coin.

It was first issued on 14 May 1984[1] to replace the one dollar note which was then in circulation, although plans to introduce a dollar coin had existed since the 1970s.[1] The first year of minting saw 186.3 million of the coins produced at the Royal Australian Mint in Canberra.[1]

Three portraits of Queen Elizabeth II have featured on the obverse, the 1984 head of Queen Elizabeth II by Arnold Machin; between 1985 and 1998 the head by Raphael Maklouf; and since 1999 the head by Ian Rank-Broadley. The coin features an inscription on its obverse of AUSTRALIA on the right hand side and ELIZABETH II on the left hand side.

The reverse features five kangaroos. The image was designed by Stuart Devlin, who designed Australia's first decimal coins in 1966.

Commemorative issue[edit]

The Royal Australian Mint has released a number of commemorative issued coins since the Australian $1 was released in 1984, some of which were not released into circulation. Circulated coins have their mintage within brackets.[2]

  • 1986: International Year of Peace (25,200,000)
  • 1988: Figure with Koori Kangaroo for 200 years of English colonisation (21,600,000)
  • 1992: Barcelona Olympics
  • 1993: Landcare Australia (18,200,000)
  • 1994: Tenth anniversary of the $1 coin
  • 1995: Waltzing Matilda
  • 1996: Sir Henry Parkes (26,200,000)
  • 1997: Sir Charles Kingsford Smith coin A (24,400,000)
  • 1997: Sir Charles Kingsford Smith coin B
  • 1998: Howard Florey
  • 1999: Year of Older Persons (29,300,000)
  • 1999: The last ANZACs
  • 2000: HMAS Sydney II
  • 2000: Victoria Cross
  • 2000: Sydney Olympics (Olymphilex)
  • 2001: 100 years of Federation (27,900,000)
  • 2001: International Year of the Volunteer (6,000,000)
  • 2001: 80th Anniversary of the Royal Australian Air Force
  • 2001: 90th Anniversary of the Royal Australian Navy
  • 2001: 100th Anniversary of the Australian Army
  • 2002: Year of the Outback (35,400,000)
  • 2003: Centenary of women's suffrage (10,000,000)
  • 2003: Australia's Volunteers (4,100,000)
  • 2003: 50th Anniversary of the end of the Korean War
  • 2003: Vietnam War
  • 2004: Eureka
  • 2005: The Dancing Man - 60 years since World War II (34,200,000)
  • 2005: 90th Anniversary of Gallipoli
  • 2006: 50 Years of Television
  • 2006: Melbourne Commonwealth Games
  • 2006: Ashes Coin
  • 2006: Ocean Series Collection - Clown Fish
  • 2007: APEC Australia 2007 (20,100,000)
  • 2007: Ocean Series Collection - Biscuit Star
  • 2007: Ocean Series Collection - Longfin Bannerfish
  • 2007: Ocean Series Collection - Shark
  • 2007: 4th International Polar Year
  • 2007: 75th Anniversary of the Sydney Harbour Bridge
  • 2007: Year of the Surf Lifesaver
  • 2007: Year of the Pig Dollar
  • 2007: Ashes Dollar
  • 2007: Peacekeeping Dollar
  • 2007: Norman Lindsay
  • 2007: 50th Anniversary of the Australian Special Air Service
  • 2008: Wombat
  • 2008: International Year of Planet Earth
  • 2008: Lunar
  • 2008: Inspirational Australians: Mary MacKillop
  • 2008: Centenary of Australian Quarantine
  • 2008: 100 Years of the Australia Coat of Arms
  • 2008: Australian Football 150 Years 1858 - 2008
  • 2008: Centenary of Rugby League
  • 2008: Centenary of Scouting (17,200,000)
  • 2009: Inspirational Australians: Steve Irwin Dollar
  • 2009: Master Mintmark Dollar
  • 2009: Celebrating 100 Years Of Excellence Swimming
  • 2009: 60 Years of Australian Citizenship
  • 2009: Anzac Day Lest We Forget Dollar
  • 2009: Bicentenary of Australia Post
  • 2009: Centenary of Commonwealth pension
  • 2009: International Year of Astronomy
  • 2010: Burke and Wills Dollar
  • 2010: 100 Years of Australian Coinage Dollar
  • 2010: Year of the Tiger Dollar Lunar Series
  • 2010: Fred Hollows Dollar Inspirational Australian Series - Health Care
  • 2010: 100 years of the Girl Guides (1,000,000)
  • 2011: Meeting of Heads of Government of the Commonwealth, in Perth, Western Australia
  • 2011: Australian Wool Industry
  • 2011: Lunar Series - Year of the Rabbit
  • 2011: Ram Design (based on a design taken from the one shilling coin)
  • 2011: Australian Citizenship
  • 2011: Anzac Day, third Annual Release
  • 2011: 85th Birthday of Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II
  • 2011: 100 Years of the Australian Census
  • 2011: Inspirational Australians: Joan Sutherland
  • 2011: Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting
  • 2011: The Presidents Cup
  • 2011: 100th Anniversary of the Royal Australian Navy
  • 2012: Lunar Series - Year of the Dragon
  • 2012: Fields of Gold: Australian Wheat
  • 2012: Ethel C. Pedley
  • 2012: International Year of Co-operatives
  • 2012: Australian Open Women's Trophy
  • 2012: Australian Open Men's Trophy
  • 2012: Wheat Sheaf (based on a design taken from the three pence coin)
  • 2012: Year of the Farmer
  • 2012: Inspirational Australians: Sir Douglas Mawson
  • 2012: Discovery of Gold in Australia
  • 2012: Australian Football League Premiership
  • 2013: Bicentenary of the Holey Dollar and Dump
  • 2013: Lunar Series - Year of the Snake
  • 2013: 200 Years of the Benevolent Society
  • 2013: Inspirational Australians: Slim Dusty
  • 2013: Black Caviar Race Horse
  • 2013: 60th Anniversary of the end of the Korean War
  • 2013: 40th Anniversary of the Sydney Opera House

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "One dollar". Ramint.gov.au. 1984-05-14. Retrieved 2011-11-02. 
  2. ^ "One dollar". Ramint.gov.au. 1984-05-14. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
One Dollar Note (Australian)
One Dollar (Australian)
1984–present
Succeeded by
Present