Australian place names changed from German names

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

During World War I, many German-sounding place names in Australia were changed due to Anti-German sentiment. The new names were often Anglicized (Peterborough), given Aboriginal names (Kobandilla, Karawirra), names of people (Kitchener and Holbrook), or battlefields (Verdun, The Somme). This was done through an Act of Parliament, as well as by petition. The presence of German derived place names was seen as an affront to the war efforts, and to the sensibilities of many in the Australian population at the time.

In South Australia, the Nomenclature Act of 1935 restored the former German names to a number of towns, the names of which had been changed in 1917.

New South Wales[edit]

Germanton changed to Holbrook, the Post Office being renamed on 20 September 1915[1]
German's Hill changed to Lidster, the Post Office being renamed on 1 February 1916[1]
German Creek changed to Empire Vale, the Post Office being renamed on 1 May 1915[1]
Schlinkers Lane changed to Bullecourt Lane (in Ultimo, Sydney)

And they all said...

Queensland[edit]

Bergen changed to Murra Murra, the Post Office being renamed around October 1916[2]
Bergenside changed to Neuve, the Post Office being renamed around August 1916[2]
Bismarck changed to Maclagan, the Post Office being renamed around March 1916[2]
Engelsburg changed to Kalbar, the Post Office being renamed around July 1916[2]
Gehrkevale changed to Mount Mort, the Post Office being renamed Mount Grace around September 1916 and Mount Mort around November 1916[2]
Gramzow changed to Carbrook
Hapsburg changed to Kowbi, the Post Office being renamed around October 1916[2]
Hessenburg changed to Ingoldsby, the Post Office being renamed around September 1916[2]
Kirchheim changed to Haigslea, the Post Office being renamed around October 1916[2]
Minden changed to Frenchton, the Post Office being renamed around October 1916 and reverting to Minden in 1930[2]
Roessler changed to Applethorpe, Applethorpe Post Office opening around 1916[2]
Stegelitz changed to Woongoolba, the Post Office being renamed on 6 June 1916[2]
Teutoburg changed to Witta, the Post Office being renamed around 1916[2]
Fahley changed to Kilbirnie, Kilbirnie Post Office opening around 1916[2]
German Gardens changed to Belgian Gardens,

South Australia[edit]

Bartsch's Creek changed to Yedlakoo Creek (reverted to Bartsch Creek 1986)
Berlin Rock changed to Panpandie Rock
Bethanien changed to Bethany
Bismarck changed to Weeroopa
Blumberg changed to Birdwood, the Post Office being renamed on 1 July 1918[3]
Blumental changed to Lakkari
Buchfelde changed to Loos very frequently Buchsfelde
Cape Bauer changed to Cape of Wondoma (reverted to Cape Bauer 1948)
Carlsruhe changed to Kunden (changed in 1918)
Ehrenbreitstein changed to Mount Yerila
Ferdinand Creek changed to Ernabella Creek
Friedensthal changed to Black Hill
Friedrichstadt changed to Tangari
Friedrichswalde changed to Tarnma, the Post Office being renamed on 1 July 1918[3]
Gebhardt's Hills changed to Polygon Ridge (reverted to Gebhardt Hills 1986)
German Creek changed to Benara Creek (reverted 1986)
German Pass changed to Tappa Pass
Germantown Hill changed to Vimy Ridge (road name only reverted to Germantown Hill Road)
Gottlieb's Well changed to Parnggi Well
Grunberg changed to Karalta (reverted to Grunberg in 1975)
Grunthal changed to Verdun, the Post Office being renamed on 1 July 1918[3]
Hahndorf changed to Ambleside , the Post Office being renamed on 1 July 1918, and reverting to Hahndorf in 1935[3]
Hasse's Mound changed to Larelar Mound
Heidelberg changed to Kobandilla
Herrgott Springs changed to Marree, the Post Office being renamed on 1 July 1918[3]
Hildesheim changed to Punthari, the Post Office being renamed on 1 July 1918[3]
Hoffnungsthal changed to Karawirra (reverted to Hoffnungsthal in 1975)
Hundred of Basedow changed to Hundred of French
Hundred of Homburg changed to Hundred of Haig
Hundred of Krichauff changed to Hundred of Beatty
Hundred of Paech changed to Hundred of Cannawigra
Hundred of Pflaum changed to Hundred of Geegeela
Hundred of Rhine (North) changed to Hundred of Jellicoe
Hundred of Rhine (South) changed to Hundred of Jutland
Hundred of Scherk changed to Hundred of Sturdee
Hundred of Schomburgk changed to Hundred of Maude
Hundred of Von Doussa changed to Hundred of Allenby
Jaenschtown changed to Kerkanya
Kaiserstuhl changed to Mount Kitchener (changed in 1918) (renamed Kaiser’s Seat in 1975, now Kaiserstuhl again)
Klaebes changed to Kilto
Klemzig changed to Gaza , the Post Office being renamed on 1 July 1918 and reverting to Klemzig in 1935, but the football club retains the name Gaza[3]
Krause Rock changed to Marti Rock
Krichauff changed to Beatty (changed to Mount Mary 1940)
Kronsdorf changed to Kabminye (reverted to Kronsdorf in 1975)
Langdorf changed to Kaldukee
Langmeil changed to Bilyara (near Tanunda) (reverted to Langmeil in 1975)
Lobethal changed to Tweedvale , the Post Office being renamed on 1 July 1918 and reverting to Lobethal in 1935[3]
Mount Ferdinand changed to Mount Warrabillinna
Mount Meyer changed to Mount Kauto
Muller's Hill changed to Yandina Hill
Neudorf changed to Mamburdi (reverted 1986)
Neukirch changed to Dimchurch (reverted to Neukirch in 1975)
New Hamburg changed to Willyaroo
New Mecklenburg changed to Gomersal, the Post Office being renamed on 1 July 1918[3]
Olivethal changed to Olivedale
Petersburg changed to Peterborough, the Post Office being renamed on 1 July 1918[3]
Rhine Park changed to Kongolia
Rhine Hill changed to Mons
Rhine River (North) changed to The Somme (changed to Somme Creek 1971)
Rhine River (South) changed to The Marne (changed to Marne River 1971)
Rhine Villa changed to Cambrai, the Post Office being renamed on 1 July 1918[3]
Rosenthal changed to Rosedale, the Post Office being renamed on 1 July 1918[3]
Schoenthal changed to Boongala (reverted 1986)
Seppelts changed to Dorrien
Schreiberhau changed to Warre (reverted to Schreiberau in 1975)
Siegersdorf changed to Bultawilta (reverted to Siegersdorf in 1975)
Steinfeld changed to Stonefield , the Post Office being renamed on 1 July 1918[3] (reverted 1986)
Summerfeldt changed to Summerfield
Vogelsang's Corner changed to Teerkoore , the Post Office being renamed on 1 July 1918[3] (reverted to Vogelsang Corner 1986)
Wusser's Nob changed to Karun Nob (reverted to Wusser Nob 1983)

Tasmania[edit]

Bismarck changed to Collinsvale, the Post Office being renamed on 1 July 1915[4]
German Town changed to Lilydale

Victoria[edit]

Germantown changed to Grovedale, the Post Office being renamed on 1 March 1916[5]
Hochkirch changed to Tarrington, the Post Office being renamed on 1 March 1918[5]
Mount Bismarck changed to Mount Kitchener
Reinholtz's PO changed to Reynold's PO , changing on 5 November 1920[5]

Weinberg Road, Hawthorn, Boroondara changed to Wattle Road

|- West Prussia Road, Ringwood to Wantirna, changed to Wantina Road,

Western Australia[edit]

Heidelberg changed to Bickley, a Bickley Receiving Office opening on 1 January 1916[6]
Mueller Park changed to Kitchener Park (reverted to Mueller Park 1981)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- NSW". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- Queensland". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- South Australia". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  4. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- Tasmania". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  5. ^ a b c Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- Victoria". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  6. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- WA". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26.