List of Australian place names changed from German names

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During World War I, many German or German-sounding place names in Australia were changed due to anti-German sentiment. The presence of German-derived place names was seen as an affront to the war effort, and to the sensibilities of many in the Australian population at the time.

The names of locations were often Anglicised (Peterborough), given Aboriginal names (Kobandilla, Karawirra), or named after notable soldiers (Kitchener and Holbrook) or World War I battlefields (Verdun, The Somme). This was done by local councils or the postal authorities, often as the result of a petition by locals.

In South Australia, the Nomenclature Act of 1935 restored the former German names to a number of places the names of which had been Anglicised during World War I.

New South Wales[edit]

Germanton changed to Holbrook, the Post Office being renamed on 20 September 1915[1]
German's Hill changed to Lidster, the Post Office being renamed on 1 February 1916[1]
German Creek changed to Empire Vale, the Post Office being renamed on 1 May 1915[1]
Schlinkers Lane Ultimo, Sydney, changed to Bullecourt Lane

Queensland[edit]

Bergen changed to Murra Murra. The Post Office was renamed in about October 1916[2]
Bergenside changed to Neuve. The Post Office was renamed in about August 1916[2]
Bismarck changed to Maclagan. The Post Office was renamed in about March 1916[2]
Engelsburg changed to Kalbar. The Post Office was renamed in about July 1916[2]
Fahley changed to Kilbirnie. Kilbirnie Post Office opening in about 1916[2]
Friezland changed to Kuridala, [2]
Gehrkevale changed to Mount Mort. The Post Office was renamed Mount Grace in about September 1916, then Mount Mort in about November 1916[2]
German Gardens changed to Belgian Gardens
Gramzow changed to Carbrook
Hapsburg changed to Kowbi. The Post Office was renamed in about October 1916[2]
Hessenburg changed to Ingoldsby. The Post Office was renamed in about September 1916[2]
Kirchheim changed to Haigslea. The Post Office was renamed in about October 1916[2]
Marburg changed to Townshend in June 1917 reverted to Marburg in 1920[3]
Minden changed to Frenchton. The Post Office was renamed in about October 1916 reverted to Minden in 1930[2]
Roessler changed to Applethorpe. Applethorpe Post Office opened in about 1916[2]
Stegelitz changed to Woongoolba. The Post Office was renamed on 6 June 1916[2]
Teutoburg changed to Witta. The Post Office was renamed in about 1916[2]

South Australia[edit]

Bartsch's Creek changed to Yedlakoo Creek reverted to Bartsch Creek 1986
Berlin Rock changed to Panpandie Rock
Bethanien changed to Bethany
Bismarck changed to Weeroopa
Blumberg changed to Birdwood. The Post Office was renamed on 1 July 1918[4]
Blumental changed to Lakkari
Buchfelde[5] changed to Loos very frequently Buchsfelde
Cape Bauer changed to Cape of Wondoma reverted to Cape Bauer 1948
Carlsruhe changed to Kunden changed in 1918
Ehrenbreitstein changed to Mount Yerila
Ferdinand Creek[6] changed to Ernabella Creek
Friedensthal changed to Black Hill
Friedrichstadt changed to Tangari
Friedrichswalde changed to Tarnma. The Post Office was renamed on 1 July 1918[4]
Gebhardt's Hills changed to Polygon Ridge reverted to Gebhardt Hills 1986
German Creek changed to Benara Creek reverted 1986
German Pass changed to Tappa Pass
Germantown Hill changed to Vimy Ridge road name only reverted to Germantown Hill Road
Gottlieb's Well changed to Parnggi Well
Grunberg changed to Karalta reverted to Grunberg in 1975
Grunthal changed to Verdun. The Post Office was renamed on 1 July 1918[4]
Hahndorf changed to Ambleside. The Post Office was renamed on 1 July 1918. reverted to Hahndorf in 1935[4]
Hasse's Mound changed to Larelar Mound
Heidelberg changed to Kobandilla
Herrgott Springs changed to Marree. The Post Office was renamed on 1 July 1918[4]
Hildesheim changed to Punthari. The Post Office was renamed on 1 July 1918[4]
Hoffnungsthal changed to Karawirra reverted to Hoffnungsthal in 1975
Hundred of Basedow[7] changed to Hundred of French
Hundred of Homburg[8] changed to Hundred of Haig
Hundred of Krichauff changed to Hundred of Beatty
Hundred of Paech[9] changed to Hundred of Cannawigra
Hundred of Pflaum[10] changed to Hundred of Geegeela
Hundred of Rhine (North) changed to Hundred of Jellicoe
Hundred of Rhine (South) changed to Hundred of Jutland
Hundred of Scherk[11] changed to Hundred of Sturdee
Hundred of Schomburgk[12] changed to Hundred of Maude
Hundred of Von Doussa[13] changed to Hundred of Allenby
Jaenschtown changed to Kerkanya
Kaiserstuhl changed to Mount Kitchener, in 1918 renamed Kaiser’s Seat in 1975, now Kaiserstuhl once again
Klaebes changed to Kilto
Klemzig changed to Gaza. The Post Office was renamed on 1 July 1918 reverted to Klemzig in 1935, but the football club retains the name Gaza[4]
Krause Rock changed to Marti Rock
Krichauff[14] changed to Beatty changed to Mount Mary 1940
Kronsdorf changed to Kabminye reverted to Kronsdorf in 1975
Langdorf changed to Kaldukee
Langmeil changed to Bilyara (near Tanunda) reverted to Langmeil in 1975
Lobethal changed to Tweedvale. The Post Office was renamed on 1 July 1918 reverted to Lobethal in 1935[4]
Mount Ferdinand changed to Mount Warrabillinna
Mount Meyer changed to Mount Kauto
Muller's Hill changed to Yandina Hill
Neudorf changed to Mamburdi reverted 1986
Neukirch changed to Dimchurch reverted to Neukirch in 1975
New Hamburg changed to Willyaroo
New Mecklenburg changed to Gomersal. The Post Office was renamed on 1 July 1918[4]
Olivethal changed to Olivedale
Petersburg changed to Peterborough. The Post Office was renamed on 1 July 1918[4]
Rhine Park changed to Kongolia
Rhine Hill changed to Mons
Rhine River (North) changed to The Somme changed to Somme Creek 1971
Rhine River (South) changed to The Marne changed to Marne River 1971
Rhine Villa changed to Cambrai. The Post Office was renamed on 1 July 1918[4]
Rosenthal changed to Rosedale. The Post Office was renamed on 1 July 1918[4]
Schoenthal changed to Boongala reverted 1986
Seppelts[15] changed to Dorrien
Schreiberhau changed to Warre reverted 1975
Siegersdorf changed to Bultawilta reverted to Siegersdorf in 1975
Steinfeld changed to Stonefield. The Post Office was renamed on 1 July 1918[4] reverted 1986
Summerfeldt changed to Summerfield
Vogelsang's Corner changed to Teerkoore. The Post Office was renamed on 1 July 1918[4] reverted to Vogelsang Corner 1986
Wusser's Nob changed to Karun Nob reverted to Wusser Nob 1983

Tasmania[edit]

Bismarck changed to Collinsvale. The Post Office was renamed on 1 July 1915[16]
German Town changed to Lilydale

Victoria[edit]

Germantown changed to Grovedale. The Post Office was renamed on 1 March 1916[17]
Hochkirch changed to Tarrington. The Post Office was renamed on 1 March 1918[17]
Mount Bismarck changed to Mount Kitchener
Reinholtz's PO changed to Reynold's PO on 5 November 1920[17]
Waldkirch changed to Freshwater Creek (Anglesea Road, south-west of Grovedale)
Weinberg Road, Hawthorn, changed to Wattle Road
West Prussia Road, Wantirna, changed to Wantirna Road
Bismarck Avenue, Surrey Hills, changed to Warwick Avenue, in December 1918[18]

Western Australia[edit]

Heidelberg changed to Bickley, a Bickley Receiving Office opening on 1 January 1916[19]
Mueller Park changed to Kitchener Park reverted to Mueller Park 1981

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- NSW". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- Queensland". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  3. ^ "Marburg (entry 20917)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- South Australia". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  5. ^ Named for geologist and philanthropist Leopold von Buch
  6. ^ Named by Ernest Giles for botanist Ferdinand von Mueller.
  7. ^ Named for M. F. Basedow MHA, MLC.
  8. ^ Named for Robert Homburg MHA.
  9. ^ Named for Friedrich Paech MHA.
  10. ^ Named for Friedrich Pflaum MHA
  11. ^ Named for Johann Scherk MHA
  12. ^ Named for Moritz Richard Schomburgk, director of Adelaide Botanic Garden
  13. ^ Named for Alfred von Doussa MLC.
  14. ^ Named for F. E. H. W. Krichauff MLC.
  15. ^ Named for winemaker Joseph Ernst Seppelt
  16. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- Tasmania". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  17. ^ a b c Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- Victoria". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  18. ^ "Camberwell City Council". Camberwell and Hawthorn Advertiser. 1918-12-20. Retrieved 2014-11-27. 
  19. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- WA". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26.