(J. R. Forster, 1801)
Arripis trutta, known as kahawai in New Zealand and as the Eastern Australian salmon in Australia, is one of four species of marine fish within the Arripis genus, found in cooler waters around the south eastern coast of Australia and New Zealand. Although it is referred to as a salmon in Australia, it is not related to salmons of the family Salmonidae.
Arripis trutta has a dark bluish-green body, indistinct rows of spots forming narrow irregular bands on upper sides. Juveniles have golden bars on the upper sides that break up into spots in larger individuals, a yellowish pectoral fin with a black basal spot, a black margin on the caudal fin.
These fish typically weigh between 1 and 2.5 kg with some rare specimens reaching a weight of 6 kg. Further Australian name variants of Arripis trutta include bay trout, black back, black-backed salmon, buck, buck salmon, cocky salmon, colonial salmon, Eastern Australian salmon, native salmon, newfish, salmon trout and three kings.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Arripis trutta" in FishBase. March 2006 version.
- Tony Ayling & Geoffrey Cox, Collins Guide to the Sea Fishes of New Zealand, (William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1982) ISBN 0-00-216987-8
- Dianne J. Bray, 2011, Eastern Australian Salmon, Arripis trutta, in Fishes of Australia, accessed 26 Aug 2014, http://www.fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/406
- Bishop, Tony. "How to catch a kahawai – a top NZ sportfish". Bish on Fish.
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