Austrian Constitutional Assembly election, 1919

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Austrian Constitutional Assembly election, 1919
Austria
1911 ←
16 February 1919
→ 1920

All 170 seats in the Constitutional Assembly
86 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 2,998,297 (84.6%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Der neue Präsident der deutschösterreichischen Nationalversammlung (Karl Seitz) 1919 WIZ C. Pietzner.png
Leader Karl Seitz
Party SDAPÖ CS DNP
Seats won 72 69 8
Popular vote 1,211,814 1,068,382 173,881
Percentage 40.8% 35.9% 5.8%

Chancellor before election

Werner Faymann
SPÖ

Elected Chancellor

Werner Faymann
SPÖ

Coat of arms of Austria.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Austria
Constitution
Judicial system
Foreign relations

Constitutional Assembly elections were held in Austria on 16 February 1919.[1] The result was a victory for the Social Democratic Party, which won 72 of the 170 seats. The party was largely supported by the working class, whilst farmers and the middle class voted mainly for the anti-Anschluss Christian Social Party.[2] Voter turnout was 84.6%.[3]

German citizens living in Austria and Sudeten Germans living in the then newly formed Czechoslovakia were allowed to vote in these elections, despite Czechoslovak objections (and Austrian citizens living in Germany were also allowed to vote for the Weimar National Assembly in the same year).[4]

The two main parties formed a coalition after the elections, and although it had broken up by mid-1920, a new constitution was agreed on 1 October 1920.[2] Fresh elections were held on 17 October.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Social Democratic Party 1,211,814 40.8 72
Christian Social Party 1,068,382 35.9 69
German Nationals Party 173,881 5.8 8
Czechoslovakians 67,514 2.3 1
German Democrats 64,078 2.2 3
German People's Party 59,918 2.0 2
German Freedom and Order Party 56,365 1.9 5
Centrist Democrats 48,847 1.6 1
Styrian Farmers' Party 47,078 1.6 3
National Democratic Party 46,577 1.6 0
Carinthian Farmers' Association 33,412 1.1 2
National Socialist Workers' Party 23,334 0.8 0
German Peoples' Election Committee 15,679 0.5 1
Democrats 15,133 0.5 0
Democratic Association of Cities 12,336 0.4 1
Liberal Corporate Association of Salzburg 8,507 0.3 1
Jewish National Party 7,760 0.3 1
Democratic Middle Class Party 5,967 0.2 0
Democratic Economy Party 3,909 0.1 0
Democratic Austrian People's Party 1,688 0.1 0
Trepipartei 864 0.0 0
Economic Political Workers's Party 411 0.0 0
Invalid/blank votes 24,843
Total 2,998,297 100 170
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular Vote
SDAP
  
40.75%
CS
  
35.93%
DNP
  
5.85%
VTP
  
2.27%
DD
  
2.16%
DVP
  
2.02%
OFP
  
1.90%
DWF
  
1.64%
Other
  
7.48%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, Dieter; Stöver, Philip (31 May 2010). Elections in Europe: A data handbook. Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft. p. 196. ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7. 
  2. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p173
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p208
  4. ^ AUSTRIA VOTES TODAY. - German Part of Former Dual Monarchy Chooses Its Constituent Assembly., The New York Times, February 16, 1919 (PDF)