Austrian Decoration for Science and Art

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Austrian Decoration for Science and Art
Austrian cross of honour for science.jpg
Badge of the Austrian Decoration of Honour for Science and Art
Awarded by  Austria
Type State decoration
Eligibility Austrian and foreign citizens[1]
Awarded for "...superior creative and commendable services in the areas of the sciences or the arts."[1]
Status Currently Awarded
Statistics
Established 1955[1]
Precedence
Next (higher) Varies by grade[1]
Next (lower) Varies by grade[1]
Order of Honour for Science and Art Rib.png
Decoration for Science and Art
Cross of Honour for Science and Art 1 klass Rib.png
Cross of Honour for Science and Art, First Class
Cross of Honour for Science and Art Rib.png
Cross of Honour for Science and Art

The Austrian Decoration for Science and Art (German: Österreichisches Ehrenzeichen für Wissenschaft und Kunst) is a state decoration of the Republic of Austria and forms part of the national honours system of that country.

History[edit]

The "Austrian Decoration for Science and Art" was established by the National Council as an honour for scientific or artistic achievements by Federal Law of May 1955 (Federal Law Gazette No. 96/1955 as amended BGBl I No 128/2001). At the same time, the National Council also established the "Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art", which is awarded as "Cross of Honour, First Class" (German: Ehrenkreuz 1. Klasse) and "Cross of Honour" (German: Ehrenkreuz). While not technically counted as lower classes of the Decoration for Science and Art, these crosses are nevertheless affiliated with it.

Divisions[edit]

Decoration for Science and Art[edit]

The number of living recipients of the Decoration for Science and Art is limited to a maximum of 72 at any one time (36 recipients for science and 36 for arts). In each of these two groups there are 18 Austrian cititzens and 18 foreign nationals.

Cross of Honour for Science and Art, First Class[edit]

There are no limits on the number of recipients.

Cross of Honour for Science and Art[edit]

There are no limits on the number of recipients.

Precedence[edit]

Grade Preceding Following
Decoration for Science and Art Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Star for Services to the Republic of Austria Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold for Services to the Republic of Austria
Cross of Honour for Science and Art 1st Class Military Merit Decoration Grand Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
Cross of Honour for Science and Art Grand Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria Decoration of Honour in Gold for Services to the Republic of Austria

Recipients[edit]

Decoration for Science and Art[edit]

Cross (and Cross 1st Class)[edit]

Cross of Honour for Science and Art, First Class
Cross of Honour for Science and Art

Forfeiture[edit]

Forfeiture of this honour became possible with Federal Law Gazette I No 128/2001, changing Act § 8a. It allows the government to strip recipients of their honours if deemed unworthy. The best known example of such a forfeiture is of the Nazi physician Heinrich Gross.[citation needed]

On August 5, 2008 the Austrian Science Minister Johannes Hahn decided not to withdraw the award from inventor Johann Grander.[citation needed] - see also Wikipedia German version and see also Austrian ministry

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Bundespräsident.at : Decorations of Honour". Bundespraesident.at. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "Paul Holdengraber". PEN American Center. 
  3. ^ APA October 2009
  4. ^ ORF
  5. ^ Haag, John. "Adolf, Helen (b. 1895)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Gale Research Inc. Retrieved 10 January 2013. (subscription required)

External links[edit]