Austrian legislative election, 1945

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The elections to the Austrian National Council held in fall of 1945 were the first after World War II. The elections were held according to the Austrian election law of 1929, with all citizens at least 21 years old eligible to vote,[1] however former Nazis were banned from voting, official sources putting their numbers at around 200,000.[2] The Communist Party of Austria only gained four seats, which some blamed on the conduct of the Red Army in the Soviet occupied zone of Austria.[3] This was highly embarrassing for the Communists, who had assured the Soviets that they could win as much as 30 percent of the vote. This proved to be the beginning of a long decline for the Communists, though they would manage to stay in the chamber until 1959.

The Austrian People's Party led by Leopold Figl won a sweeping victory, taking just under half of the vote and an absolute majority of seats in the National Council. Despite winning a majority, Figl opted to continue the three-party grand coalition with the Socialists and Communists. However, the Communists, who had been equally represented in the Renner government since the end of the war, only received one Cabinet post.[4] On 20 December 1945 the Federal Assembly of Austria unanimously elected incumbent Chancellor Karl Renner of the Socialist Party as President of Austria, who swore in Leopold Figl as new Chancellor on the same day.[5][6]


e • d Summary of the 25 November 1945 National Council of Austria election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Austrian People's Party (Österreichische Volkspartei) 1,602,227 49.80 85
Socialist Party of Austria (Sozialistische Partei Österreichs) 1,434,898 44.60 76
Communist Party of Austria (Kommunistische Partei Österreichs) 174,257 5.42 4
Democratic Party of Austria (Demokratische Partei Österreichs) 5,972 0.18 0
Invalid/blank votes 35,975
Total (turnout 94%) 3,253,329 100.0 165
Source: Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010). Elections in Europe: A data handbook. p. 213. 
Popular Vote