Austrian units of measurement

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The following are old systems of measurement in Austria.

Length[edit]

In 1756 the ruling Archduchess of Austria Maria Teresia ordered that, Vienna fathom as well the multiplications or fractions of it should be the state defined measures of length in Archduchy of Austria and Kingdom of Hungary. Vienna cubit, that is 1¾ of Roman cubit (cubitus or elbow), was also used as a measure of length .

The law should have been in effect in the Lands of the Bohemian Crown as well, of which Maria Teresia was the Queen. But in Prague the traditional Roman foot remained in common use.

When the metrical system was introduced by law on July 23, 1871(which was obligatory from January 1, 1876) the length of the fathom (Klafter) was established to exactly 1,89648384 m.

Therefore, old measures were reestablished as:

Point                                                                                    =    182.917 037 µm                  
Line       =    12      points                                                           =      2.195 004 mm
Inch(Zoll) =    144     points   =      12      lines                                    =     26.340 053 mm
Fist       =    576     points   =      48      lines    =  4 inches(Zoll) = 1/3 foot    =    105.360 213 mm                   
Die Spanne =    2       fists    =      2/3 of a Foot                                    =    210.72 mm
Foot       =    1728    points   =      144     lines    =  12 inches(Zoll)                 =    316.080 640 mm
Fathom     =    6 ft                                                                        =  1.896 483 840       m   (Wiener Klafter)
Rute       =   10 ft                                                                        =  3.160 806 400       m  
Mile       =    24000 ft    =      4000    fathoms (Klafter)  =    2400    Rutes    =  7.585 935 360 km               

Austrian post-mile, police-mile, geographic mile = 3910 Vienna fathoms.

References[edit]